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Date:   Fri, 14 Feb 2020 15:55:46 -0800
From:   paulmck@...nel.org
To:     rcu@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, kernel-team@...com, mingo@...nel.org,
        jiangshanlai@...il.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
        akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
        josh@...htriplett.org, tglx@...utronix.de, peterz@...radead.org,
        rostedt@...dmis.org, dhowells@...hat.com, edumazet@...gle.com,
        fweisbec@...il.com, oleg@...hat.com, joel@...lfernandes.org,
        "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 09/30] rcu: Add WRITE_ONCE() to rcu_node ->qsmaskinitnext

From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>

The rcu_state structure's ->qsmaskinitnext field is read locklessly,
so this commit adds the WRITE_ONCE() to an update in order to provide
proper documentation and READ_ONCE()/WRITE_ONCE() pairing.

This data race was reported by KCSAN.  Not appropriate for backporting
due to failure being unlikely for systems not doing incessant CPU-hotplug
operations.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...nel.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/tree.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 9443909..346321a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -3379,7 +3379,7 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
 	rnp = rdp->mynode;
 	mask = rdp->grpmask;
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
-	rnp->qsmaskinitnext |= mask;
+	WRITE_ONCE(rnp->qsmaskinitnext, rnp->qsmaskinitnext | mask);
 	oldmask = rnp->expmaskinitnext;
 	rnp->expmaskinitnext |= mask;
 	oldmask ^= rnp->expmaskinitnext;
@@ -3432,7 +3432,7 @@ void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu)
 		rcu_report_qs_rnp(mask, rnp, rnp->gp_seq, flags);
 		raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
 	}
-	rnp->qsmaskinitnext &= ~mask;
+	WRITE_ONCE(rnp->qsmaskinitnext, rnp->qsmaskinitnext & ~mask);
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
 	raw_spin_unlock(&rcu_state.ofl_lock);
 
-- 
2.9.5

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