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Date:   Fri, 14 Feb 2020 13:22:39 +0200
From:   Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@...asonboard.com>
To:     Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@...all.nl>
Cc:     Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@...cle.com>,
        syzbot <syzbot+75287f75e2fedd69d680@...kaller.appspotmail.com>,
        Hillf Danton <hdanton@...a.com>,
        Alan Stern <stern@...land.harvard.edu>,
        Allison Randal <allison@...utok.net>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@...il.com>, andreyknvl@...gle.com,
        bnvandana@...il.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-media@...r.kernel.org, linux-usb@...r.kernel.org,
        mchehab@...nel.org, syzkaller-bugs@...glegroups.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] media: usbvision: Fix a use after free in v4l2_release()

Hi Hans,

On Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 11:06:36AM +0100, Hans Verkuil wrote:
> On 1/24/20 3:13 PM, Dan Carpenter wrote:
> > Syzbot triggered a use after free in v5.5-rc6:
> > 
> > BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in v4l2_release+0x2f1/0x390 drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-dev.c:459
> > 
> > Allocated by task 94:
> >  usbvision_alloc drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1315 [inline]
> >  usbvision_probe.cold+0x5c5/0x1f21 drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1469
> > 
> > Freed by task 1913:
> >  kfree+0xd5/0x300 mm/slub.c:3957
> >  usbvision_release+0x181/0x1c0 drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1364
> >  usbvision_radio_close.cold+0x2b/0x74 drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c:1130
> >  v4l2_release+0x2e7/0x390 drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-dev.c:455
> > 
> > The problem is that the v4l2_release() calls usbvision_release() which
> > frees "usbvision" but v4l2_release() still wants to use
> > "usbvision->vdev".  One solution is to make this devm_ allocated memory
> > so the memory isn't freed until later.
> 
> devm_ allocated memory is freed after disconnect, so I doubt this will help, or at
> best it will just move the problem elsewhere.

Yes, devm_*alloc is evil :-( It has spread to many drivers and is used
incorrectly in most cases.

> The right approach would be to use the release() callback from struct v4l2_device:
> that's called when the very last open filehandle is closed.

Hillf Danton has sent a patch to do so in the "Re: KASAN: use-after-free
Read in v4l2_release (3)" thread. Have you seen it ?

> But I'm not sure if it is worth the effort. The usbvision driver is a mess and
> personally I think it should be deprecated.

I agree.

> > Reported-by: syzbot+75287f75e2fedd69d680@...kaller.appspotmail.com
> > Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@...cle.com>
> > ---
> > I copied this idea from a different driver, but I haven't tested it.
> > I wanted to try the #syz fix command to see if it works.
> > 
> >  drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c | 4 +---
> >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 3 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c b/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c
> > index 93d36aab824f..07b4763062c4 100644
> > --- a/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c
> > +++ b/drivers/media/usb/usbvision/usbvision-video.c
> > @@ -1312,7 +1312,7 @@ static struct usb_usbvision *usbvision_alloc(struct usb_device *dev,
> >  {
> >  	struct usb_usbvision *usbvision;
> >  
> > -	usbvision = kzalloc(sizeof(*usbvision), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +	usbvision = devm_kzalloc(&dev->dev, sizeof(*usbvision), GFP_KERNEL);
> >  	if (!usbvision)
> >  		return NULL;
> >  
> > @@ -1336,7 +1336,6 @@ static struct usb_usbvision *usbvision_alloc(struct usb_device *dev,
> >  	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&usbvision->hdl);
> >  	v4l2_device_unregister(&usbvision->v4l2_dev);
> >  err_free:
> > -	kfree(usbvision);
> >  	return NULL;
> >  }
> >  
> > @@ -1361,7 +1360,6 @@ static void usbvision_release(struct usb_usbvision *usbvision)
> >  
> >  	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&usbvision->hdl);
> >  	v4l2_device_unregister(&usbvision->v4l2_dev);
> > -	kfree(usbvision);
> >  
> >  	PDEBUG(DBG_PROBE, "success");
> >  }

-- 
Regards,

Laurent Pinchart

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