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Date:   Mon, 17 Feb 2020 10:46:10 -0800
From:   Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
To:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@...radead.org>,
        linux-mm@...ck.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org, linux-erofs@...ts.ozlabs.org,
        linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org, linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net,
        cluster-devel@...hat.com, ocfs2-devel@....oracle.com,
        linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org, Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@...il.com>,
        Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.com>
Subject: [PATCH v6 16/16] mm: Use memalloc_nofs_save in readahead path

From: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@...radead.org>

Ensure that memory allocations in the readahead path do not attempt to
reclaim file-backed pages, which could lead to a deadlock.  It is
possible, though unlikely this is the root cause of a problem observed
by Cong Wang.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@...radead.org>
Reported-by: Cong Wang <xiyou.wangcong@...il.com>
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@...e.com>
---
 mm/readahead.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/readahead.c b/mm/readahead.c
index 566693f4e539..ae8abab939a3 100644
--- a/mm/readahead.c
+++ b/mm/readahead.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
 #include <linux/mm_inline.h>
 #include <linux/blk-cgroup.h>
 #include <linux/fadvise.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
 
 #include "internal.h"
 
@@ -157,6 +158,18 @@ void page_cache_readahead_limit(struct address_space *mapping,
 		._nr_pages = 0,
 	};
 
+	/*
+	 * Partway through the readahead operation, we will have added
+	 * locked pages to the page cache, but will not yet have submitted
+	 * them for I/O.  Adding another page may need to allocate memory,
+	 * which can trigger memory reclaim.  Telling the VM we're in
+	 * the middle of a filesystem operation will cause it to not
+	 * touch file-backed pages, preventing a deadlock.  Most (all?)
+	 * filesystems already specify __GFP_NOFS in their mapping's
+	 * gfp_mask, but let's be explicit here.
+	 */
+	unsigned int nofs = memalloc_nofs_save();
+
 	/*
 	 * Preallocate as many pages as we will need.
 	 */
@@ -210,6 +223,7 @@ void page_cache_readahead_limit(struct address_space *mapping,
 	if (readahead_count(&rac))
 		read_pages(&rac, &page_pool);
 	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&page_pool));
+	memalloc_nofs_restore(nofs);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(page_cache_readahead_limit);
 
-- 
2.25.0

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