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Date:   Mon, 17 Feb 2020 12:54:37 -0600
From:   "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
To:     Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>,
        Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>
Cc:     linux-gpio@...r.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
Subject: [PATCH] pinctrl: uniphier: Replace zero-length array with
 flexible-array member

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
---
 drivers/pinctrl/uniphier/pinctrl-uniphier-core.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pinctrl/uniphier/pinctrl-uniphier-core.c b/drivers/pinctrl/uniphier/pinctrl-uniphier-core.c
index 57babf31e320..ade348b49b31 100644
--- a/drivers/pinctrl/uniphier/pinctrl-uniphier-core.c
+++ b/drivers/pinctrl/uniphier/pinctrl-uniphier-core.c
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ struct uniphier_pinctrl_reg_region {
 	struct list_head node;
 	unsigned int base;
 	unsigned int nregs;
-	u32 vals[0];
+	u32 vals[];
 };
 
 struct uniphier_pinctrl_priv {
-- 
2.25.0

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