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Date:   Mon, 17 Feb 2020 17:28:03 +0100
From:   Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
To:     Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@...ntu.com>
Cc:     "David S. Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, netdev@...r.kernel.org,
        "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@...nel.org>,
        Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>, Jakub Kicinski <kuba@...nel.org>,
        Eric Dumazet <edumazet@...gle.com>,
        Stephen Hemminger <stephen@...workplumber.org>,
        linux-pm@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next v2 08/10] net-sysfs: add netdev_change_owner()

On Mon, Feb 17, 2020 at 05:14:34PM +0100, Christian Brauner wrote:
> Add a function to change the owner of a network device when it is moved
> between network namespaces.
> 
> Currently, when moving network devices between network namespaces the
> ownership of the corresponding sysfs entries is not changed. This leads
> to problems when tools try to operate on the corresponding sysfs files.
> This leads to a bug whereby a network device that is created in a
> network namespaces owned by a user namespace will have its corresponding
> sysfs entry owned by the root user of the corresponding user namespace.
> If such a network device has to be moved back to the host network
> namespace the permissions will still be set to the user namespaces. This
> means unprivileged users can e.g. trigger uevents for such incorrectly
> owned devices. They can also modify the settings of the device itself.
> Both of these things are unwanted.
> 
> For example, workloads will create network devices in the host network
> namespace. Other tools will then proceed to move such devices between
> network namespaces owner by other user namespaces. While the ownership
> of the device itself is updated in
> net/core/net-sysfs.c:dev_change_net_namespace() the corresponding sysfs
> entry for the device is not:
> 
> drwxr-xr-x 5 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:08 .
> drwxr-xr-x 9 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:08 ..
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 addr_assign_type
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 addr_len
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 address
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 broadcast
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 carrier
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 carrier_changes
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 carrier_down_count
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 carrier_up_count
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 dev_id
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 dev_port
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 dormant
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 duplex
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 flags
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 gro_flush_timeout
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 ifalias
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 ifindex
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 iflink
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 link_mode
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 mtu
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 name_assign_type
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 netdev_group
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 operstate
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 phys_port_id
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 phys_port_name
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 phys_switch_id
> drwxr-xr-x 2 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:09 power
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 proto_down
> drwxr-xr-x 4 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:09 queues
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 speed
> drwxr-xr-x 2 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:09 statistics
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:08 subsystem -> ../../../../class/net
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 tx_queue_len
> -r--r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:09 type
> -rw-r--r-- 1 nobody nobody 4096 Jan 25 18:08 uevent
> 
> However, if a device is created directly in the network namespace then
> the device's sysfs permissions will be correctly updated:
> 
> drwxr-xr-x 5 root   root      0 Jan 25 18:12 .
> drwxr-xr-x 9 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:08 ..
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 addr_assign_type
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 addr_len
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 address
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 broadcast
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier_changes
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier_down_count
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier_up_count
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 dev_id
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 dev_port
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 dormant
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 duplex
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 flags
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 gro_flush_timeout
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 ifalias
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 ifindex
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 iflink
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 link_mode
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 mtu
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 name_assign_type
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 netdev_group
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 operstate
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 phys_port_id
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 phys_port_name
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 phys_switch_id
> drwxr-xr-x 2 root   root      0 Jan 25 18:12 power
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 proto_down
> drwxr-xr-x 4 root   root      0 Jan 25 18:12 queues
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 speed
> drwxr-xr-x 2 root   root      0 Jan 25 18:12 statistics
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 nobody nobody    0 Jan 25 18:12 subsystem -> ../../../../class/net
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 tx_queue_len
> -r--r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 type
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root   root   4096 Jan 25 18:12 uevent
> 
> Now, when creating a network device in a network namespace owned by a
> user namespace and moving it to the host the permissions will be set to
> the id that the user namespace root user has been mapped to on the host
> leading to all sorts of permission issues:
> 
> 458752
> drwxr-xr-x 5 458752 458752      0 Jan 25 18:12 .
> drwxr-xr-x 9 root   root        0 Jan 25 18:08 ..
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 addr_assign_type
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 addr_len
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 address
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 broadcast
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier_changes
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier_down_count
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 carrier_up_count
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 dev_id
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 dev_port
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 dormant
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 duplex
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 flags
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 gro_flush_timeout
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 ifalias
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 ifindex
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 iflink
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 link_mode
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 mtu
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 name_assign_type
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 netdev_group
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 operstate
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 phys_port_id
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 phys_port_name
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 phys_switch_id
> drwxr-xr-x 2 458752 458752      0 Jan 25 18:12 power
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 proto_down
> drwxr-xr-x 4 458752 458752      0 Jan 25 18:12 queues
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 speed
> drwxr-xr-x 2 458752 458752      0 Jan 25 18:12 statistics
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root   root        0 Jan 25 18:12 subsystem -> ../../../../class/net
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 tx_queue_len
> -r--r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 type
> -rw-r--r-- 1 458752 458752   4096 Jan 25 18:12 uevent
> 
> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@...ntu.com>
> ---
> /* v2 */
> unchanged
> ---
>  net/core/net-sysfs.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  net/core/net-sysfs.h |  2 ++
>  2 files changed, 29 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/net/core/net-sysfs.c b/net/core/net-sysfs.c
> index 4c826b8bf9b1..4fda021edf6d 100644
> --- a/net/core/net-sysfs.c
> +++ b/net/core/net-sysfs.c
> @@ -1767,6 +1767,33 @@ int netdev_register_kobject(struct net_device *ndev)
>  	return error;
>  }
>  
> +/* Change owner for sysfs entries when moving network devices across network
> + * namespaces owned by different user namespaces.
> + */
> +int netdev_change_owner(struct net_device *ndev, const struct net *net_old,
> +			const struct net *net_new)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev = &ndev->dev;
> +	kuid_t old_uid, new_uid;
> +	kgid_t old_gid, new_gid;
> +	int error;
> +
> +	net_ns_get_ownership(net_old, &old_uid, &old_gid);
> +	net_ns_get_ownership(net_new, &new_uid, &new_gid);
> +
> +	/* The network namespace was changed but the owning user namespace is
> +	 * identical so there's no need to change the owner of sysfs entries.
> +	 */
> +	if (uid_eq(old_uid, new_uid) && gid_eq(old_gid, new_gid))
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	error = device_change_owner(dev);

Ok, maybe I'm slow here, but what actually changed the gid/uid here?
How did it change?  All you did was look up the old uid/gid and the new
uid/gid.  But what set the device to the new one?

All of these functions are just really odd to me, one would think that a
"change owner" function would have the new owner in the paramter to know
what to change it to?  Your documentation says "owner must be changed
before calling this function", but how did that get changed and who
changed it?

Why not just pass it as part of the function itself?

Otherwise it looks really odd, like the above call.  As I can't see how
anything changes here at all by reading this code.  And that's a huge
sign of a bad API, when the maintainer of the subsystem can not even
understand how someone is using it with a single function call :)

thanks,

greg k-h

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