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Date:   Mon, 17 Feb 2020 13:23:02 -0500
From:   Joel Fernandes <joel@...lfernandes.org>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     paulmck@...nel.org, rcu@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, kernel-team@...com, mingo@...nel.org,
        jiangshanlai@...il.com, dipankar@...ibm.com,
        akpm@...ux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com,
        josh@...htriplett.org, tglx@...utronix.de, rostedt@...dmis.org,
        dhowells@...hat.com, edumazet@...gle.com, fweisbec@...il.com,
        oleg@...hat.com, elver@...gle.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/3] rcu-tasks: *_ONCE() for
 rcu_tasks_cbs_head

On Mon, Feb 17, 2020 at 01:38:51PM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 04:25:18PM -0800, paulmck@...nel.org wrote:
> > From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>
> > 
> > The RCU tasks list of callbacks, rcu_tasks_cbs_head, is sampled locklessly
> > by rcu_tasks_kthread() when waiting for work to do.  This commit therefore
> > applies READ_ONCE() to that lockless sampling and WRITE_ONCE() to the
> > single potential store outside of rcu_tasks_kthread.
> > 
> > This data race was reported by KCSAN.  Not appropriate for backporting
> > due to failure being unlikely.
> 
> What failure is possible here? AFAICT this is (again) one of them
> load-complare-against-constant-discard patterns that are impossible to
> mess up.

You mean that because we are only testing for NULL, so load/store tearing of
rcu_tasks_cbs_head is not an issue right?

I agree. Even with invented stores, worst case we have a false-wakeup and go
right back to sleep. Or, we read a partial rcu_tasks_cbs_head, and then go
acquire the lock and read the whole thing correctly under lock.

I wonder if we can teach KCSAN to actually ignore this kind of situation so
we don't need to employ READ_ONCE() for no reason. Basically ask it to not
bother if the read was only NULL-testing. +Marco since it is KCSAN related.

thanks,

 - Joel


> > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...nel.org>
> > ---
> >  kernel/rcu/update.c | 4 ++--
> >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcu/update.c b/kernel/rcu/update.c
> > index 6c4b862..a27df76 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcu/update.c
> > +++ b/kernel/rcu/update.c
> > @@ -528,7 +528,7 @@ void call_rcu_tasks(struct rcu_head *rhp, rcu_callback_t func)
> >  	rhp->func = func;
> >  	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rcu_tasks_cbs_lock, flags);
> >  	needwake = !rcu_tasks_cbs_head;
> > -	*rcu_tasks_cbs_tail = rhp;
> > +	WRITE_ONCE(*rcu_tasks_cbs_tail, rhp);
> >  	rcu_tasks_cbs_tail = &rhp->next;
> >  	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_tasks_cbs_lock, flags);
> >  	/* We can't create the thread unless interrupts are enabled. */
> > @@ -658,7 +658,7 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_tasks_kthread(void *arg)
> >  		/* If there were none, wait a bit and start over. */
> >  		if (!list) {
> >  			wait_event_interruptible(rcu_tasks_cbs_wq,
> > -						 rcu_tasks_cbs_head);
> > +						 READ_ONCE(rcu_tasks_cbs_head));
> >  			if (!rcu_tasks_cbs_head) {
> >  				WARN_ON(signal_pending(current));
> >  				schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ/10);
> > -- 
> > 2.9.5
> > 

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