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Date:   Fri, 6 Mar 2020 14:22:35 -0800 (PST)
From:   David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
To:     Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
cc:     Yang Shi <shy828301@...il.com>,
        "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@...temov.name>,
        "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>,
        Mike Rapoport <rppt@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Jeremy Cline <jcline@...hat.com>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>
Subject: [patch 2/2] mm, thp: track fallbacks due to failed memcg charges
 separately

The thp_fault_fallback and thp_file_fallback vmstats are incremented if
either the hugepage allocation fails through the page allocator or the
hugepage charge fails through mem cgroup.

This patch leaves this field untouched but adds two new fields,
thp_{fault,file}_fallback_charge, which is incremented only when the mem
cgroup charge fails.

This distinguishes between attempted hugepage allocations that fail due to
fragmentation (or low memory conditions) and those that fail due to mem
cgroup limits.  That can be used to determine the impact of fragmentation
on the system by excluding faults that failed due to memcg usage.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>
---
 Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst | 10 ++++++++++
 include/linux/vm_event_item.h              |  3 +++
 mm/huge_memory.c                           |  2 ++
 mm/shmem.c                                 |  4 +++-
 mm/vmstat.c                                |  2 ++
 5 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/transhuge.rst
@@ -310,6 +310,11 @@ thp_fault_fallback
 	is incremented if a page fault fails to allocate
 	a huge page and instead falls back to using small pages.
 
+thp_fault_fallback_charge
+	is incremented if a page fault fails to charge a huge page and
+	instead falls back to using small pages even though the
+	allocation was successful.
+
 thp_collapse_alloc_failed
 	is incremented if khugepaged found a range
 	of pages that should be collapsed into one huge page but failed
@@ -323,6 +328,11 @@ thp_file_fallback
 	is incremented if a file huge page is attempted to be allocated
 	but fails and instead falls back to using small pages.
 
+thp_file_fallback_charge
+	is incremented if a file huge page cannot be charged and instead
+	falls back to using small pages even though the allocation was
+	successful.
+
 thp_file_mapped
 	is incremented every time a file huge page is mapped into
 	user address space.
diff --git a/include/linux/vm_event_item.h b/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
--- a/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
+++ b/include/linux/vm_event_item.h
@@ -73,10 +73,12 @@ enum vm_event_item { PGPGIN, PGPGOUT, PSWPIN, PSWPOUT,
 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
 		THP_FAULT_ALLOC,
 		THP_FAULT_FALLBACK,
+		THP_FAULT_FALLBACK_CHARGE,
 		THP_COLLAPSE_ALLOC,
 		THP_COLLAPSE_ALLOC_FAILED,
 		THP_FILE_ALLOC,
 		THP_FILE_FALLBACK,
+		THP_FILE_FALLBACK_CHARGE,
 		THP_FILE_MAPPED,
 		THP_SPLIT_PAGE,
 		THP_SPLIT_PAGE_FAILED,
@@ -117,6 +119,7 @@ enum vm_event_item { PGPGIN, PGPGOUT, PSWPIN, PSWPOUT,
 #ifndef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
 #define THP_FILE_ALLOC ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; })
 #define THP_FILE_FALLBACK ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; })
+#define THP_FILE_FALLBACK_CHARGE ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; })
 #define THP_FILE_MAPPED ({ BUILD_BUG(); 0; })
 #endif
 
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -597,6 +597,7 @@ static vm_fault_t __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct vm_fault *vmf,
 	if (mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(page, vma->vm_mm, gfp, &memcg, true)) {
 		put_page(page);
 		count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
+		count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK_CHARGE);
 		return VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
 	}
 
@@ -1406,6 +1407,7 @@ vm_fault_t do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct vm_fault *vmf, pmd_t orig_pmd)
 			put_page(page);
 		ret |= VM_FAULT_FALLBACK;
 		count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
+		count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK_CHARGE);
 		goto out;
 	}
 
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -1871,8 +1871,10 @@ static int shmem_getpage_gfp(struct inode *inode, pgoff_t index,
 	error = mem_cgroup_try_charge_delay(page, charge_mm, gfp, &memcg,
 					    PageTransHuge(page));
 	if (error) {
-		if (PageTransHuge(page))
+		if (PageTransHuge(page)) {
 			count_vm_event(THP_FILE_FALLBACK);
+			count_vm_event(THP_FILE_FALLBACK_CHARGE);
+		}
 		goto unacct;
 	}
 	error = shmem_add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, hindex,
diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -1254,10 +1254,12 @@ const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
 	"thp_fault_alloc",
 	"thp_fault_fallback",
+	"thp_fault_fallback_charge",
 	"thp_collapse_alloc",
 	"thp_collapse_alloc_failed",
 	"thp_file_alloc",
 	"thp_file_fallback",
+	"thp_file_fallback_charge",
 	"thp_file_mapped",
 	"thp_split_page",
 	"thp_split_page_failed",

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