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Date:   Sat, 7 Mar 2020 15:21:44 +0100
From:   Christoph Hellwig <>
To:     Lu Baolu <>
Cc:     Joerg Roedel <>,,,,,,
        Daniel Drake <>,
        Derrick Jonathan <>,
        Jerry Snitselaar <>,
        Robin Murphy <>,
        Christoph Hellwig <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 3/6] iommu/vt-d: Don't force 32bit devices to uses DMA

On Sat, Mar 07, 2020 at 02:20:11PM +0800, Lu Baolu wrote:
> Currently, if a 32bit device initially uses an identity domain,
> Intel IOMMU driver will convert it forcibly to a DMA one if its
> address capability is not enough for the whole system memory.
> The motivation was to overcome the overhead caused by possible
> bounced buffer.
> Unfortunately, this improvement has led to many problems. For
> example, some 32bit devices are required to use an identity
> domain, forcing them to use DMA domain will cause the device
> not to work anymore. On the other hand, the VMD sub-devices
> share a domain but each sub-device might have different address
> capability. Forcing a VMD sub-device to use DMA domain blindly
> will impact the operation of other sub-devices without any
> notification. Further more, PCI aliased devices (PCI bridge
> and all devices beneath it, VMD devices and various devices
> quirked with pci_add_dma_alias()) must use the same domain.
> Forcing one device to switch to DMA domain during runtime
> will cause in-fligh DMAs for other devices to abort or target
> to other memory which might cause undefind system behavior.

I still don't like the idea to enforce either a strict dynamic
IOMMU mapping or an identify mapping mode.

Can we add a new AUTO domain which will allow using the identity
mapping when available?  That somewhat matches the existing x86
default, and also what powerpc does.  I have a series to lift
that bypass mode into the core dma-mapping code that I need
to repost, which I think would be suitable for intel-iommu as well.

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