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Date:   Sun, 12 Apr 2020 18:38:35 +0200
From:   Guido Günther <agx@...xcpu.org>
To:     Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@...asonboard.com>
Cc:     David Airlie <airlied@...ux.ie>, Daniel Vetter <daniel@...ll.ch>,
        Rob Herring <robh+dt@...nel.org>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Shawn Guo <shawnguo@...nel.org>,
        Sascha Hauer <s.hauer@...gutronix.de>,
        Pengutronix Kernel Team <kernel@...gutronix.de>,
        Fabio Estevam <festevam@...il.com>,
        NXP Linux Team <linux-imx@....com>,
        Andrzej Hajda <a.hajda@...sung.com>,
        Neil Armstrong <narmstrong@...libre.com>,
        Jonas Karlman <jonas@...boo.se>,
        Jernej Skrabec <jernej.skrabec@...l.net>,
        Lee Jones <lee.jones@...aro.org>,
        dri-devel@...ts.freedesktop.org, devicetree@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Robert Chiras <robert.chiras@....com>,
        Sam Ravnborg <sam@...nborg.org>, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v11 1/2] dt-bindings: display/bridge: Add binding for NWL
 mipi dsi host controller

Hi Laurent,
On Fri, Apr 10, 2020 at 03:57:32PM +0300, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> Hi Guido,
> 
> On Fri, Apr 10, 2020 at 02:45:16PM +0200, Guido Günther wrote:
> > On Fri, Apr 10, 2020 at 02:23:42PM +0300, Laurent Pinchart wrote:
> > > On Thu, Apr 09, 2020 at 12:42:01PM +0200, Guido Günther wrote:
> > > > The Northwest Logic MIPI DSI IP core can be found in NXPs i.MX8 SoCs.
> > > > 
> > > > Signed-off-by: Guido Günther <agx@...xcpu.org>
> > > > Tested-by: Robert Chiras <robert.chiras@....com>
> > > > Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>
> > > > Acked-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@...nborg.org>
> > > > Reviewed-by: Fabio Estevam <festevam@...il.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >  .../bindings/display/bridge/nwl-dsi.yaml      | 226 ++++++++++++++++++
> > > >  1 file changed, 226 insertions(+)
> > > >  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/display/bridge/nwl-dsi.yaml
> > > > 
> > > > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/display/bridge/nwl-dsi.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/display/bridge/nwl-dsi.yaml
> > > > new file mode 100644
> > > > index 000000000000..8aff2d68fc33
> > > > --- /dev/null
> > > > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/display/bridge/nwl-dsi.yaml
> > > > @@ -0,0 +1,226 @@
> > > > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0-only OR BSD-2-Clause)
> > > > +%YAML 1.2
> > > > +---
> > > > +$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/display/bridge/nwl-dsi.yaml#
> > > > +$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
> > > > +
> > > > +title: Northwest Logic MIPI-DSI controller on i.MX SoCs
> > > > +
> > > > +maintainers:
> > > > +  - Guido Gúnther <agx@...xcpu.org>
> > > > +  - Robert Chiras <robert.chiras@....com>
> > > > +
> > > > +description: |
> > > > +  NWL MIPI-DSI host controller found on i.MX8 platforms. This is a dsi bridge for
> > > > +  the SOCs NWL MIPI-DSI host controller.
> > > > +
> > > > +properties:
> > > > +  compatible:
> > > > +    const: fsl,imx8mq-nwl-dsi
> > > > +
> > > > +  reg:
> > > > +    maxItems: 1
> > > > +
> > > > +  interrupts:
> > > > +    maxItems: 1
> > > > +
> > > > +  '#address-cells':
> > > > +    const: 1
> > > > +
> > > > +  '#size-cells':
> > > > +    const: 0
> > > > +
> > > > +  clocks:
> > > > +    items:
> > > > +      - description: DSI core clock
> > > > +      - description: RX_ESC clock (used in escape mode)
> > > > +      - description: TX_ESC clock (used in escape mode)
> > > > +      - description: PHY_REF clock
> > > > +      - description: LCDIF clock
> > > > +
> > > > +  clock-names:
> > > > +    items:
> > > > +      - const: core
> > > > +      - const: rx_esc
> > > > +      - const: tx_esc
> > > > +      - const: phy_ref
> > > > +      - const: lcdif
> > > > +
> > > > +  mux-controls:
> > > > +    description:
> > > > +      mux controller node to use for operating the input mux
> > > > +
> > > > +  phys:
> > > > +    maxItems: 1
> > > > +    description:
> > > > +      A phandle to the phy module representing the DPHY
> > > > +
> > > > +  phy-names:
> > > > +    items:
> > > > +      - const: dphy
> > > > +
> > > > +  power-domains:
> > > > +    maxItems: 1
> > > > +
> > > > +  resets:
> > > > +    items:
> > > > +      - description: dsi byte reset line
> > > > +      - description: dsi dpi reset line
> > > > +      - description: dsi esc reset line
> > > > +      - description: dsi pclk reset line
> > > > +
> > > > +  reset-names:
> > > > +    items:
> > > > +      - const: byte
> > > > +      - const: dpi
> > > > +      - const: esc
> > > > +      - const: pclk
> > > > +
> > > > +  ports:
> > > > +    type: object
> > > > +    description:
> > > > +      A node containing DSI input & output port nodes with endpoint
> > > > +      definitions as documented in
> > > > +      Documentation/devicetree/bindings/graph.txt.
> > > > +    properties:
> > > > +      port@0:
> > > > +        type: object
> > > > +        description:
> > > > +          Input port node to receive pixel data from the
> > > > +          display controller. Exactly one endpoint must be
> > > > +          specified.
> > > > +        properties:
> > > > +          '#address-cells':
> > > > +            const: 1
> > > > +
> > > > +          '#size-cells':
> > > > +            const: 0
> > > > +
> > > > +          endpoint@0:
> > > > +            description: sub-node describing the input from LCDIF
> > > > +            type: object
> > > > +
> > > > +          endpoint@1:
> > > > +            description: sub-node describing the input from DCSS
> > > > +            type: object
> > > 
> > > This models the two inputs to the IP core, that are connected to a mux
> > > internally, controlled through mux-controls, right ? Why is a single
> > > endpoint supported then, if there are two connections at the hardware
> > > level, and why is this using endpoints instead of ports as there are
> > > really two input ports ?
> > 
> > That came out of
> > 
> > https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/c86b7ca2-7799-eafd-c380-e4b551520837@samsung.com/
> > 
> > # If the ip has separate lines for DCSS and LCDIF you should distinguish
> > # by port number. If they are shared
> > # you can use endpoint number to specify DCSS or LCDIF, in both cases
> > # bindings should be adjusted.
> > 
> > I read that as
> > 
> > - distinguish by endpoint number:
> > 
> >     eLCDIF--\    |
> >              ----| nwl
> >     DCSS----/    |
> > 
> > - distinguish by port number:
> > 
> >     eLCDIF-------|
> >                  | nwl
> >     DCSS --------|
> 
> I fully agree with you here, but in the first case I would expect the
> mux to be outside of the NWL, while in the second case it would be
> inside. If I understand the issue correctly, the mux is not part of the
> NWL, right ? The endpoint model would then be good, but leaves the issue
> Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/video-mux.txt, but that would
> require some support on the driver side. Do you think it would be a good
> way forward ?

Binding wise that looks like a good fit. I then thought about the
implementation and figured we'd end up with something like a bridge that
basically muxes inputs - or did you have something different in mind? That
sounds generally useful when we e.g. look at runtime switching the input
display controller.

> The alternative is to consider the mux + NWL as one device (more or less
> an i.MX8M-specific integration wrapper of the NWL), but in that case
> there should be two ports I believe.

I'd go with that for the moment and fold in the above at a later
point if needed. I'm happy to work on that but would like to work on
some parts of the imx8mq display stack first.
Cheers,
 -- Guido

> > From the imx8mq ref manual i didn't see separate input lines for DCSS vs
> > eLCDIF the the NWL IP so i went with endpoints instead of ports.  I'm
> > happy to change that if i got it wrong.
> > 
> > > Apart from that the bindings look ok to me.
> > > 
> > > > +
> > > > +          reg:
> > > > +            const: 0
> > > > +
> > > > +        required:
> > > > +          - '#address-cells'
> > > > +          - '#size-cells'
> > > > +          - reg
> > > > +
> > > > +        oneOf:
> > > > +          - required:
> > > > +              - endpoint@0
> > > > +          - required:
> > > > +              - endpoint@1
> > > > +
> > > > +        additionalProperties: false
> > > > +
> > > > +      port@1:
> > > > +        type: object
> > > > +        description:
> > > > +          DSI output port node to the panel or the next bridge
> > > > +          in the chain
> > > > +
> > > > +      '#address-cells':
> > > > +        const: 1
> > > > +
> > > > +      '#size-cells':
> > > > +        const: 0
> > > > +
> > > > +    required:
> > > > +      - '#address-cells'
> > > > +      - '#size-cells'
> > > > +      - port@0
> > > > +      - port@1
> > > > +
> > > > +    additionalProperties: false
> > > > +
> > > > +patternProperties:
> > > > +  "^panel@[0-9]+$":
> > > > +    type: object
> > > > +
> > > > +required:
> > > > +  - '#address-cells'
> > > > +  - '#size-cells'
> > > > +  - clock-names
> > > > +  - clocks
> > > > +  - compatible
> > > > +  - interrupts
> > > > +  - mux-controls
> > > > +  - phy-names
> > > > +  - phys
> > > > +  - ports
> > > > +  - reg
> > > > +  - reset-names
> > > > +  - resets
> > > > +
> > > > +additionalProperties: false
> > > > +
> > > > +examples:
> > > > + - |
> > > > +
> > > > +   #include <dt-bindings/clock/imx8mq-clock.h>
> > > > +   #include <dt-bindings/interrupt-controller/arm-gic.h>
> > > > +   #include <dt-bindings/reset/imx8mq-reset.h>
> > > > +
> > > > +   mipi_dsi: mipi_dsi@...00000 {
> > > > +              #address-cells = <1>;
> > > > +              #size-cells = <0>;
> > > > +              compatible = "fsl,imx8mq-nwl-dsi";
> > > > +              reg = <0x30A00000 0x300>;
> > > > +              clocks = <&clk IMX8MQ_CLK_DSI_CORE>,
> > > > +                       <&clk IMX8MQ_CLK_DSI_AHB>,
> > > > +                       <&clk IMX8MQ_CLK_DSI_IPG_DIV>,
> > > > +                       <&clk IMX8MQ_CLK_DSI_PHY_REF>,
> > > > +                       <&clk IMX8MQ_CLK_LCDIF_PIXEL>;
> > > > +              clock-names = "core", "rx_esc", "tx_esc", "phy_ref", "lcdif";
> > > > +              interrupts = <GIC_SPI 34 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
> > > > +              mux-controls = <&mux 0>;
> > > > +              power-domains = <&pgc_mipi>;
> > > > +              resets = <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_MIPI_DSI_RESET_BYTE_N>,
> > > > +                       <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_MIPI_DSI_DPI_RESET_N>,
> > > > +                       <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_MIPI_DSI_ESC_RESET_N>,
> > > > +                       <&src IMX8MQ_RESET_MIPI_DSI_PCLK_RESET_N>;
> > > > +              reset-names = "byte", "dpi", "esc", "pclk";
> > > > +              phys = <&dphy>;
> > > > +              phy-names = "dphy";
> > > > +
> > > > +              panel@0 {
> > > > +                      #address-cells = <1>;
> > > > +                      #size-cells = <0>;
> > > > +                      compatible = "rocktech,jh057n00900";
> > > > +                      reg = <0>;
> > > > +                      port@0 {
> > > > +                           reg = <0>;
> > > > +                           panel_in: endpoint {
> > > > +                                     remote-endpoint = <&mipi_dsi_out>;
> > > > +                           };
> > > > +                      };
> > > > +              };
> > > > +
> > > > +              ports {
> > > > +                    #address-cells = <1>;
> > > > +                    #size-cells = <0>;
> > > > +
> > > > +                    port@0 {
> > > > +                           #size-cells = <0>;
> > > > +                           #address-cells = <1>;
> > > > +                           reg = <0>;
> > > > +                           mipi_dsi_in: endpoint@0 {
> > > > +                                        reg = <0>;
> > > > +                                        remote-endpoint = <&lcdif_mipi_dsi>;
> > > > +                           };
> > > > +                    };
> > > > +                    port@1 {
> > > > +                           reg = <1>;
> > > > +                           mipi_dsi_out: endpoint {
> > > > +                                         remote-endpoint = <&panel_in>;
> > > > +                           };
> > > > +                    };
> > > > +              };
> > > > +      };
> 
> -- 
> Regards,
> 
> Laurent Pinchart
> 

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