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Date:   Fri,  1 May 2020 15:23:04 +0200
From:   Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        stable@...r.kernel.org, Ilie Halip <ilie.halip@...il.com>,
        Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH 4.19 39/46] arm64: Delete the space separator in __emit_inst

From: Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>

[ Upstream commit c9a4ef66450145a356a626c833d3d7b1668b3ded ]

In assembly, many instances of __emit_inst(x) expand to a directive. In
a few places __emit_inst(x) is used as an assembler macro argument. For
example, in arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/entry.S

  ALTERNATIVE(nop, SET_PSTATE_PAN(1), ARM64_HAS_PAN, CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)

expands to the following by the C preprocessor:

  alternative_insn nop, .inst (0xd500401f | ((0) << 16 | (4) << 5) | ((!!1) << 8)), 4, 1

Both comma and space are separators, with an exception that content
inside a pair of parentheses/quotes is not split, so the clang
integrated assembler splits the arguments to:

   nop, .inst, (0xd500401f | ((0) << 16 | (4) << 5) | ((!!1) << 8)), 4, 1

GNU as preprocesses the input with do_scrub_chars(). Its arm64 backend
(along with many other non-x86 backends) sees:

  alternative_insn nop,.inst(0xd500401f|((0)<<16|(4)<<5)|((!!1)<<8)),4,1
  # .inst(...) is parsed as one argument

while its x86 backend sees:

  alternative_insn nop,.inst (0xd500401f|((0)<<16|(4)<<5)|((!!1)<<8)),4,1
  # The extra space before '(' makes the whole .inst (...) parsed as two arguments

The non-x86 backend's behavior is considered unintentional
(https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=25750).
So drop the space separator inside `.inst (...)` to make the clang
integrated assembler work.

Suggested-by: Ilie Halip <ilie.halip@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>
Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>
Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/939
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h | 4 +++-
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index 3091ae5975a3a..ed99d941c4623 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -60,7 +60,9 @@
 #ifndef CONFIG_BROKEN_GAS_INST
 
 #ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
-#define __emit_inst(x)			.inst (x)
+// The space separator is omitted so that __emit_inst(x) can be parsed as
+// either an assembler directive or an assembler macro argument.
+#define __emit_inst(x)			.inst(x)
 #else
 #define __emit_inst(x)			".inst " __stringify((x)) "\n\t"
 #endif
-- 
2.20.1



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