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Date:   Tue, 5 May 2020 07:37:37 -0700
From:   Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@...el.com>
To:     Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Cc:     stable@...r.kernel.org,
        Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@...ethink.co.uk>,
        Sasha Levin <sashal@...nel.org>,
        Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Tobias Urdin <tobias.urdin@...ero.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4.19 STABLE 2/2] KVM: VMX: Mark RCX, RDX and RSI as
 clobbered in vmx_vcpu_run()'s asm blob

On Tue, May 05, 2020 at 09:02:59AM +0200, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
> On Mon, May 04, 2020 at 11:27:31PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > On Tue, May 05, 2020 at 08:15:02AM +0200, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
> > > On Mon, May 04, 2020 at 06:23:48PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > > > Save RCX, RDX and RSI to fake outputs to coerce the compiler into
> > > > treating them as clobbered.  RCX in particular is likely to be reused by
> > > > the compiler to dereference the 'struct vcpu_vmx' pointer, which will
> > > > result in a null pointer dereference now that RCX is zeroed by the asm
> > > > blob.
> > > > 
> > > > Add ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT to fudge around an issue where <something>
> > > > during modpost can't find vmx_return when specifying output constraints.
> > > > 
> > > > Reported-by: Tobias Urdin <tobias.urdin@...ero.com>
> > > > Fixes: b4be98039a92 ("KVM: VMX: Zero out *all* general purpose registers after VM-Exit")
> > > > Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@...el.com>
> > > > ---
> > > >  arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 3 ++-
> > > >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > 
> > > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> > > > index 5b06a98ffd4c..54c8b4dc750d 100644
> > > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> > > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> > > > @@ -10882,7 +10882,8 @@ static void __noclone vmx_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > > >  		".global vmx_return \n\t"
> > > >  		"vmx_return: " _ASM_PTR " 2b \n\t"
> > > >  		".popsection"
> > > > -	      : : "c"(vmx), "d"((unsigned long)HOST_RSP), "S"(evmcs_rsp),
> > > > +	      : ASM_CALL_CONSTRAINT, "=c"((int){0}), "=d"((int){0}), "=S"((int){0})
> > > > +	      : "c"(vmx), "d"((unsigned long)HOST_RSP), "S"(evmcs_rsp),
> > > >  		[launched]"i"(offsetof(struct vcpu_vmx, __launched)),
> > > >  		[fail]"i"(offsetof(struct vcpu_vmx, fail)),
> > > >  		[host_rsp]"i"(offsetof(struct vcpu_vmx, host_rsp)),
> > > > -- 
> > > > 2.26.0
> > > > 
> > > 
> > > What is the git commit id of this patch in Linus's tree?
> > 
> > There is none.  In upstream at the time of the offending commit (b4be98039a92
> > in 4.19, 0e0ab73c9a024 upstream), the inline asm blob had previously been
> > moved to a dedicated helper, __vmx_vcpu_run(), that was intentionally put
> > into a separate compilation unit, i.e. consuming the clobbered register
> > was effectively impossible because %rcx is volatile and __vmx_vcpu_run()
> > couldn't itself be inlined.
> > 
> > To make things more confusing, the inline asm blob got moved into a proper
> > asm subroutine shortly thereafter.  Things really start to diverge from
> > current upstream right around the time of this commit.
> 
> Then you need to document the heck out of the fact that this is not
> upstream, why it is different from upstream, and why we can't just take
> what upstream did instead in the changelog.  That way, when this patch
> turns out to be buggy (hint, 90% of the times they are), we know why
> this was done the way it was so we can revert it and know who to
> complain to :)

Will do.

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