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Date:   Wed, 6 May 2020 08:41:48 -0700
From:   Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@...il.com>
To:     Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Cc:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>, stable@...r.kernel.org,
        Jesse Brandeburg <jesse.brandeburg@...el.com>,
        "kernelci . org bot" <bot@...nelci.org>,
        Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...el.com>,
        Ilie Halip <ilie.halip@...il.com>, x86@...nel.org,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, Marco Elver <elver@...gle.com>,
        "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>,
        "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Daniel Axtens <dja@...ens.net>,
        Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>,
        Luc Van Oostenryck <luc.vanoostenryck@...il.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86: bitops: fix build regression

On Tue, May 05, 2020 at 09:30:28PM -0700, Nathan Chancellor wrote:
> On Tue, May 05, 2020 at 10:44:22AM -0700, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
> > From: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>
> > 
> > It turns out that if your config tickles __builtin_constant_p via
> > differences in choices to inline or not, this now produces invalid
> > assembly:
> > 
> > $ cat foo.c
> > long a(long b, long c) {
> >   asm("orb\t%1, %0" : "+q"(c): "r"(b));
> >   return c;
> > }
> > $ gcc foo.c
> > foo.c: Assembler messages:
> > foo.c:2: Error: `%rax' not allowed with `orb'
> > 
> > The "q" constraint only has meanting on -m32 otherwise is treated as
> > "r".
> > 
> > This is easily reproducible via Clang+CONFIG_STAGING=y+CONFIG_VT6656=m,
> > or Clang+allyesconfig.
> 
> For what it's worth, I don't see this with allyesconfig.
> 
> > Keep the masking operation to appease sparse (`make C=1`), add back the
> > cast in order to properly select the proper 8b register alias.
> > 
> >  [Nick: reworded]
> > 
> > Cc: stable@...r.kernel.org
> 
> The offending commit was added in 5.7-rc1; we shouldn't need to
> Cc stable since this should be picked up as an -rc fix.
> 
> > Cc: Jesse Brandeburg <jesse.brandeburg@...el.com>
> > Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/961
> > Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200504193524.GA221287@google.com/
> > Fixes: 1651e700664b4 ("x86: Fix bitops.h warning with a moved cast")
> > Reported-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>
> > Reported-by: kernelci.org bot <bot@...nelci.org>
> > Suggested-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...el.com>
> > Suggested-by: Ilie Halip <ilie.halip@...il.com>
> 
> Not to split hairs but this is Ilie's diff, he should probably be the
> author with Sedat's Reported-by/Tested-by.
> 
> https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/961#issuecomment-608239458
> 
> But eh, it's all a team effort plus that can only happen with Ilie's
> explicit consent for a Signed-off-by.
> 
> I am currently doing a set of builds with clang-11 with this patch on
> top of 5.7-rc4 to make sure that all of the cases I have found work.
> Once that is done, I'll comment back with a tag.

Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@...il.com>
Tested-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@...il.com> # build

> > Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
> > ---
> >  arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h | 4 ++--
> >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
> > index b392571c1f1d..139122e5b25b 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/bitops.h
> > @@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ arch_set_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
> >  	if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) {
> >  		asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "orb %1,%0"
> >  			: CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr)
> > -			: "iq" (CONST_MASK(nr) & 0xff)
> > +			: "iq" ((u8)(CONST_MASK(nr) & 0xff))
> >  			: "memory");
> >  	} else {
> >  		asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(bts) " %1,%0"
> > @@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ arch_clear_bit(long nr, volatile unsigned long *addr)
> >  	if (__builtin_constant_p(nr)) {
> >  		asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "andb %1,%0"
> >  			: CONST_MASK_ADDR(nr, addr)
> > -			: "iq" (CONST_MASK(nr) ^ 0xff));
> > +			: "iq" ((u8)(CONST_MASK(nr) ^ 0xff)));
> >  	} else {
> >  		asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX __ASM_SIZE(btr) " %1,%0"
> >  			: : RLONG_ADDR(addr), "Ir" (nr) : "memory");
> > -- 
> > 2.26.2.526.g744177e7f7-goog
> > 
> 
> Cheers,
> Nathan

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