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Date:   Wed, 13 May 2020 17:44:49 -0500
From:   Bjorn Helgaas <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1 1/1] PCI/ERR: Handle fatal error recovery for
 non-hotplug capable devices

On Wed, May 06, 2020 at 08:32:59PM -0700, wrote:
> From: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <>
> If there are non-hotplug capable devices connected to a given
> port, then during the fatal error recovery(triggered by DPC or
> AER), after calling reset_link() function, we cannot rely on
> hotplug handler to detach and re-enumerate the device drivers
> in the affected bus. Instead, we will have to let the error
> recovery handler call report_slot_reset() for all devices in
> the bus to notify about the reset operation. Although this is
> only required for non hot-plug capable devices, doing it for
> hotplug capable devices should not affect the functionality.

Apparently this fixes a bug.  Can you include a link to a problem
report?  The above is a description of a *solution*, but it's hard to
understand without starting with the problem itself.

The above talks about reset_link(), which is only used in the
io_frozen case.  In that case, I think the only thing this patch
changes is that when reset_link() fails, we'll return with
PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT instead of whatever reset_link()

What this patch *does* change is that in the normal_detected case, we
previously never called reset_link() but now we will if an
.error_detected() callback requested it.

> Along with above issue, this fix also applicable to following
> issue.
> Commit 6d2c89441571 ("PCI/ERR: Update error status after
> reset_link()") added support to store status of reset_link()
> call. Although this fixed the error recovery issue observed if
> the initial value of error status is PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT
> or PCI_ERS_RESULT_NO_AER_DRIVER, it also discarded the status
> result from report_frozen_detected. This can cause a failure to
> recover if _NEED_RESET is returned by report_frozen_detected and
> report_slot_reset is not invoked.

Sorry, I'm not following this explanation.  IIUC this fixes a bug when
the channel is frozen and .error_detected() returns NEED_RESET.

In that case, the current code does:

  * state == io_frozen
  * .error_detected() returns status == NEED_RESET
  * status = reset_link()
  * if status != RECOVERED, we return status
  * otherwise status == RECOVERED
  * we do not call report_slot_reset()
  * we return RECOVERED

It does seem like we *should* call the .slot_reset() callbacks, but
the only time we return recovery failure is if reset_link() failed.

I can certainly understand if drivers don't recover when we reset
their device but don't call their .slot_reset() callback.  Is that
what this fixes?

After the patch,

  * state == io_frozen
  * .error_detected() returns status == NEED_RESET
  * we set status = NEED_RESET (doesn't change anything in this case)
  * we call reset_link()
  * if reset_link() failed, we return DISCONNECT
  * otherwise continue with status == NEED_RESET
  * we *do* call report_slot_reset()
  * we return whatever .slot_reset() returned

I think the change to call .slot_reset() makes sense, but that's not
at all clear from the commit log.  Am I understanding the behavior

> Such an event can be induced for testing purposes by reducing the
> Max_Payload_Size of a PCIe bridge to less than that of a device
> downstream from the bridge, and then initiating I/O through the
> device, resulting in oversize transactions.  In the presence of DPC,
> this results in a containment event and attempted reset and recovery
> via pcie_do_recovery.  After 6d2c89441571 report_slot_reset is not
> invoked, and the device does not recover.

Use "pcie_do_recovery()" and "report_slot_reset()" (including the
parentheses) to follow convention.  Also fix other occurrences above.

> [original patch is from]
> [original patch link]
> Fixes: 6d2c89441571 ("PCI/ERR: Update error status after reset_link()")
> Signed-off-by: Jay Vosburgh <>
> Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <>
> ---
>  drivers/pci/pcie/err.c | 19 +++++++++++++++----
>  1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> index 14bb8f54723e..db80e1ecb2dc 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> @@ -165,13 +165,24 @@ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev,
>  	pci_dbg(dev, "broadcast error_detected message\n");
>  	if (state == pci_channel_io_frozen) {
>  		pci_walk_bus(bus, report_frozen_detected, &status);
> -		status = reset_link(dev);
> -		if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
> +	} else {
> +		pci_walk_bus(bus, report_normal_detected, &status);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET) {
> +		if (reset_link) {
> +			if (reset_link(dev) != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED)
> +		} else {
> +			if (pci_bus_error_reset(dev))

As far as I can tell, there is no caller of pcie_do_recovery() where
reset_link is NULL, so this call of pci_bus_error_reset() looks like
dead code.

We did not previously check whether reset_link was NULL, and this
patch changes nothing that could result in it being NULL.

> +		}
> +
> +		if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_DISCONNECT) {
>  			pci_warn(dev, "link reset failed\n");
>  			goto failed;
>  		}
> -	} else {
> -		pci_walk_bus(bus, report_normal_detected, &status);
>  	}
>  	if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_CAN_RECOVER) {
> -- 
> 2.17.1

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