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Date:   Fri, 15 May 2020 12:29:26 -0500
From:   "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavoars@...nel.org>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>,
        Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>,
        Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>,
        Ian Rogers <irogers@...gle.com>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@...eddedor.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 perf/core] perf tools: Replace zero-length array with
 flexible-array

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

sizeof(flexible-array-member) triggers a warning because flexible array
members have incomplete type[1]. There are some instances of code in
which the sizeof operator is being incorrectly/erroneously applied to
zero-length arrays and the result is zero. Such instances may be hiding
some bugs. So, this work (flexible-array member conversions) will also
help to get completely rid of those sorts of issues.

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@...nel.org>
---
Changes in v2:
 - Remove changes in tools/perf/util/branch.h

 tools/perf/bench/sched-messaging.c       | 2 +-
 tools/perf/builtin-inject.c              | 2 +-
 tools/perf/builtin-script.c              | 2 +-
 tools/perf/builtin-timechart.c           | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/annotate.h               | 4 ++--
 tools/perf/util/cputopo.h                | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/dso.h                    | 4 ++--
 tools/perf/util/event.h                  | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/jitdump.c                | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/jitdump.h                | 6 +++---
 tools/perf/util/ordered-events.h         | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/pstack.c                 | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/symbol.h                 | 2 +-
 tools/perf/util/unwind-libunwind-local.c | 2 +-
 14 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/bench/sched-messaging.c b/tools/perf/bench/sched-messaging.c
index 97e4a4fb33624..71d830d7b9231 100644
--- a/tools/perf/bench/sched-messaging.c
+++ b/tools/perf/bench/sched-messaging.c
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ struct sender_context {
 	unsigned int num_fds;
 	int ready_out;
 	int wakefd;
-	int out_fds[0];
+	int out_fds[];
 };
 
 struct receiver_context {
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-inject.c b/tools/perf/builtin-inject.c
index 53932db97a79d..4a6de4b03ac0b 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-inject.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-inject.c
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ struct perf_inject {
 struct event_entry {
 	struct list_head node;
 	u32		 tid;
-	union perf_event event[0];
+	union perf_event event[];
 };
 
 static int output_bytes(struct perf_inject *inject, void *buf, size_t sz)
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
index ecc8bd4c5e57d..4c0837efaceba 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
@@ -2449,7 +2449,7 @@ static int __cmd_script(struct perf_script *script)
 struct script_spec {
 	struct list_head	node;
 	struct scripting_ops	*ops;
-	char			spec[0];
+	char			spec[];
 };
 
 static LIST_HEAD(script_specs);
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-timechart.c b/tools/perf/builtin-timechart.c
index c76f84b174c4b..4e380e7b52307 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-timechart.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-timechart.c
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ struct sample_wrapper {
 	struct sample_wrapper *next;
 
 	u64		timestamp;
-	unsigned char	data[0];
+	unsigned char	data[];
 };
 
 #define TYPE_NONE	0
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/annotate.h b/tools/perf/util/annotate.h
index 2d88069d64283..0a0cd4f32175e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/annotate.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/annotate.h
@@ -144,7 +144,7 @@ struct annotation_line {
 	u32			 idx;
 	int			 idx_asm;
 	int			 data_nr;
-	struct annotation_data	 data[0];
+	struct annotation_data	 data[];
 };
 
 struct disasm_line {
@@ -227,7 +227,7 @@ void symbol__calc_percent(struct symbol *sym, struct evsel *evsel);
 struct sym_hist {
 	u64		      nr_samples;
 	u64		      period;
-	struct sym_hist_entry addr[0];
+	struct sym_hist_entry addr[];
 };
 
 struct cyc_hist {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/cputopo.h b/tools/perf/util/cputopo.h
index 7bf6b811f715e..6201c3790d868 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/cputopo.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/cputopo.h
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ struct numa_topology_node {
 
 struct numa_topology {
 	u32				nr;
-	struct numa_topology_node	nodes[0];
+	struct numa_topology_node	nodes[];
 };
 
 struct cpu_topology *cpu_topology__new(void);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/dso.h b/tools/perf/util/dso.h
index 9553a1fd9e8a8..e3e9e3b772970 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/dso.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/dso.h
@@ -137,7 +137,7 @@ struct dso_cache {
 	struct rb_node	rb_node;
 	u64 offset;
 	u64 size;
-	char data[0];
+	char data[];
 };
 
 struct auxtrace_cache;
@@ -209,7 +209,7 @@ struct dso {
 	struct nsinfo	*nsinfo;
 	struct dso_id	 id;
 	refcount_t	 refcnt;
-	char		 name[0];
+	char		 name[];
 };
 
 /* dso__for_each_symbol - iterate over the symbols of given type
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/event.h b/tools/perf/util/event.h
index b8289f160f070..6ae01c3c2ffa7 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/event.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/event.h
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ struct sample_read {
 
 struct ip_callchain {
 	u64 nr;
-	u64 ips[0];
+	u64 ips[];
 };
 
 struct branch_stack;
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/jitdump.c b/tools/perf/util/jitdump.c
index e3ccb0ce1938d..32bb05e03fb2d 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/jitdump.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/jitdump.c
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ struct debug_line_info {
 	unsigned long vma;
 	unsigned int lineno;
 	/* The filename format is unspecified, absolute path, relative etc. */
-	char const filename[0];
+	char const filename[];
 };
 
 struct jit_tool {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/jitdump.h b/tools/perf/util/jitdump.h
index f2c3823cc81a4..ab2842def83df 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/jitdump.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/jitdump.h
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ struct debug_entry {
 	uint64_t addr;
 	int lineno;	    /* source line number starting at 1 */
 	int discrim;	    /* column discriminator, 0 is default */
-	const char name[0]; /* null terminated filename, \xff\0 if same as previous entry */
+	const char name[]; /* null terminated filename, \xff\0 if same as previous entry */
 };
 
 struct jr_code_debug_info {
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ struct jr_code_debug_info {
 
 	uint64_t code_addr;
 	uint64_t nr_entry;
-	struct debug_entry entries[0];
+	struct debug_entry entries[];
 };
 
 struct jr_code_unwinding_info {
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ struct jr_code_unwinding_info {
 	uint64_t unwinding_size;
 	uint64_t eh_frame_hdr_size;
 	uint64_t mapped_size;
-	const char unwinding_data[0];
+	const char unwinding_data[];
 };
 
 union jr_entry {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/ordered-events.h b/tools/perf/util/ordered-events.h
index 0920fb0ec6cc7..75345946c4b9e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/ordered-events.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/ordered-events.h
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ typedef int (*ordered_events__deliver_t)(struct ordered_events *oe,
 
 struct ordered_events_buffer {
 	struct list_head	list;
-	struct ordered_event	event[0];
+	struct ordered_event	event[];
 };
 
 struct ordered_events {
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/pstack.c b/tools/perf/util/pstack.c
index 80ff41fc45be8..a1d1e4ef6257e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/pstack.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/pstack.c
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
 struct pstack {
 	unsigned short	top;
 	unsigned short	max_nr_entries;
-	void		*entries[0];
+	void		*entries[];
 };
 
 struct pstack *pstack__new(unsigned short max_nr_entries)
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/symbol.h b/tools/perf/util/symbol.h
index 93fc43db1be3c..ff4f4c47e1484 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/symbol.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/symbol.h
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@ struct symbol {
 	u8		inlined:1;
 	u8		arch_sym;
 	bool		annotate2;
-	char		name[0];
+	char		name[];
 };
 
 void symbol__delete(struct symbol *sym);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/unwind-libunwind-local.c b/tools/perf/util/unwind-libunwind-local.c
index b4649f5a0c2f1..9aededc0bc06f 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/unwind-libunwind-local.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/unwind-libunwind-local.c
@@ -243,7 +243,7 @@ struct eh_frame_hdr {
 	 *    encoded_t fde_addr;
 	 * } binary_search_table[fde_count];
 	 */
-	char data[0];
+	char data[];
 } __packed;
 
 static int unwind_spec_ehframe(struct dso *dso, struct machine *machine,
-- 
2.26.2

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