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Date:   Sat, 16 May 2020 14:47:37 +0800
From:   Feng Tang <>
To:     Andrew Morton <>,
        Michal Hocko <>,
        Matthew Wilcox <>,
        Johannes Weiner <>,
        Mel Gorman <>,
        Kees Cook <>,,,,,,
Cc:     Feng Tang <>
Subject: [PATCH v3 0/3] make vm_committed_as_batch aware of vm overcommit policy  

When checking a performance change for will-it-scale scalability
mmap test [1], we found very high lock contention for spinlock of
percpu counter 'vm_committed_as':

    94.14%     0.35%  [kernel.kallsyms]         [k] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
    48.21% _raw_spin_lock_irqsave;percpu_counter_add_batch;__vm_enough_memory;mmap_region;do_mmap;
    45.91% _raw_spin_lock_irqsave;percpu_counter_add_batch;__do_munmap;

Actually this heavy lock contention is not always necessary. The
'vm_committed_as' needs to be very precise when the strict
OVERCOMMIT_NEVER policy is set, which requires a rather small batch
number for the percpu counter.

So keep 'batch' number unchanged for strict OVERCOMMIT_NEVER policy,
and enlarge it for not-so-strict  OVERCOMMIT_ALWAYS and OVERCOMMIT_GUESS

Benchmark with the same testcase in [1] shows 53% improvement on a
8C/16T desktop, and 2097%(20X) on a 4S/72C/144T server. And for that
case, whether it shows improvements depends on if the test mmap size
is bigger than the batch number computed.

We tested 10+ platforms in 0day (server, desktop and laptop). If we
lift it to 64X, 80%+ platforms show improvements, and for 16X lift,
1/3 of the platforms will show improvements.

And generally it should help the mmap/unmap usage,as Michal Hocko
I believe that there are non-synthetic worklaods which would benefit
from a larger batch. E.g. large in memory databases which do large
mmaps during startups from multiple threads.

Note: There are some style complain from checkpatch for patch 3,
as sysctl handler declaration follows the similar format of sibling

patch1: a cleanup for /proc/meminfo
patch2: a preparation patch which also improve the accuracy of
patch3: the main change

Please help to review, thanks!

- Feng

    * refine commit log and cleanup code, according to comments
      from Michal Hocko and Matthew Wilcox
    * change the lift from 16X and 64X after test 
     * add the sysctl handler to cover runtime overcommit policy
       change, as suggested by Andres Morton 
     * address the accuracy concern of vm_memory_committed()
       from Andi Kleen 

Feng Tang (3):
  proc/meminfo: avoid open coded reading of vm_committed_as
  mm/util.c: make vm_memory_committed() more accurate
  mm: adjust vm_committed_as_batch according to vm overcommit policy

 fs/proc/meminfo.c    |  2 +-
 include/linux/mm.h   |  2 ++
 include/linux/mman.h |  4 ++++
 kernel/sysctl.c      |  2 +-
 mm/mm_init.c         | 18 ++++++++++++++----
 mm/util.c            | 15 ++++++++++++++-
 6 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)


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