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Date:   Thu, 21 May 2020 22:39:06 -0400
From:   Qian Cai <cai@....pw>
To:     Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>
Cc:     kvm@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        cohuck@...hat.com, jgg@...pe.ca
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 3/3] vfio-pci: Invalidate mmaps and block MMIO access
 on disabled memory

On Tue, May 05, 2020 at 03:55:02PM -0600, Alex Williamson wrote:
[]
vfio_pci_mmap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>  {
>  	struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
>  	struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = vma->vm_private_data;
> +	vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
>  
> -	if (vfio_pci_add_vma(vdev, vma))
> -		return VM_FAULT_OOM;
> +	mutex_lock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> +	down_read(&vdev->memory_lock);

This lock here will trigger,

[17368.321363][T3614103] ======================================================
[17368.321375][T3614103] WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
[17368.321399][T3614103] 5.7.0-rc6-next-20200521+ #116 Tainted: G        W        
[17368.321410][T3614103] ------------------------------------------------------
[17368.321433][T3614103] qemu-kvm/3614103 is trying to acquire lock:
[17368.321443][T3614103] c000200fb2328968 (&kvm->lock){+.+.}-{3:3}, at: kvmppc_irq_bypass_add_producer_hv+0xd4/0x3b0 [kvm_hv]
[17368.321488][T3614103] 
[17368.321488][T3614103] but task is already holding lock:
[17368.321533][T3614103] c0000000016f4dc8 (lock#7){+.+.}-{3:3}, at: irq_bypass_register_producer+0x80/0x1d0
[17368.321564][T3614103] 
[17368.321564][T3614103] which lock already depends on the new lock.
[17368.321564][T3614103] 
[17368.321590][T3614103] 
[17368.321590][T3614103] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
[17368.321625][T3614103] 
[17368.321625][T3614103] -> #4 (lock#7){+.+.}-{3:3}:
[17368.321662][T3614103]        __mutex_lock+0xdc/0xb80
[17368.321683][T3614103]        irq_bypass_register_producer+0x80/0x1d0
[17368.321706][T3614103]        vfio_msi_set_vector_signal+0x1d8/0x350 [vfio_pci]
[17368.321719][T3614103]        vfio_msi_set_block+0xb0/0x1e0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.321752][T3614103]        vfio_pci_set_msi_trigger+0x13c/0x3e0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.321787][T3614103]        vfio_pci_set_irqs_ioctl+0x134/0x2c0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.321821][T3614103]        vfio_pci_ioctl+0xe10/0x1460 [vfio_pci]
[17368.321855][T3614103]        vfio_device_fops_unl_ioctl+0x44/0x70 [vfio]
[17368.321879][T3614103]        ksys_ioctl+0xd8/0x130
[17368.321888][T3614103]        sys_ioctl+0x28/0x40
[17368.321910][T3614103]        system_call_exception+0x108/0x1d0
[17368.321932][T3614103]        system_call_common+0xf0/0x278
[17368.321951][T3614103] 
[17368.321951][T3614103] -> #3 (&vdev->memory_lock){++++}-{3:3}:
[17368.321988][T3614103]        lock_release+0x190/0x5e0
[17368.322009][T3614103]        __mutex_unlock_slowpath+0x68/0x410
[17368.322042][T3614103]        vfio_pci_mmap_fault+0xe8/0x1f0 [vfio_pci]
vfio_pci_mmap_fault at drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c:1534
[17368.322066][T3614103]        __do_fault+0x64/0x220
[17368.322086][T3614103]        handle_mm_fault+0x12f0/0x19e0
[17368.322107][T3614103]        __do_page_fault+0x284/0xf70
[17368.322116][T3614103]        handle_page_fault+0x10/0x2c
[17368.322136][T3614103] 
[17368.322136][T3614103] -> #2 (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}-{3:3}:
[17368.322160][T3614103]        __might_fault+0x84/0xe0
[17368.322182][T3614103]        _copy_to_user+0x3c/0x120
[17368.322206][T3614103]        kvm_vcpu_ioctl+0x1ec/0xac0 [kvm]
[17368.322239][T3614103]        ksys_ioctl+0xd8/0x130
[17368.322270][T3614103]        sys_ioctl+0x28/0x40
[17368.322301][T3614103]        system_call_exception+0x108/0x1d0
[17368.322334][T3614103]        system_call_common+0xf0/0x278
[17368.322375][T3614103] 
[17368.322375][T3614103] -> #1 (&vcpu->mutex){+.+.}-{3:3}:
[17368.322411][T3614103]        __mutex_lock+0xdc/0xb80
[17368.322446][T3614103]        kvmppc_xive_release+0xd8/0x260 [kvm]
[17368.322484][T3614103]        kvm_device_release+0xc4/0x110 [kvm]
[17368.322518][T3614103]        __fput+0x154/0x3b0
[17368.322562][T3614103]        task_work_run+0xd8/0x170
[17368.322583][T3614103]        do_exit+0x4f8/0xeb0
[17368.322604][T3614103]        do_group_exit+0x78/0x160
[17368.322625][T3614103]        get_signal+0x230/0x1440
[17368.322657][T3614103]        do_notify_resume+0x130/0x3e0
[17368.322677][T3614103]        syscall_exit_prepare+0x1a4/0x280
[17368.322687][T3614103]        system_call_common+0xf8/0x278
[17368.322718][T3614103] 
[17368.322718][T3614103] -> #0 (&kvm->lock){+.+.}-{3:3}:
[17368.322753][T3614103]        __lock_acquire+0x1fe4/0x3190
[17368.322774][T3614103]        lock_acquire+0x140/0x9a0
[17368.322805][T3614103]        __mutex_lock+0xdc/0xb80
[17368.322838][T3614103]        kvmppc_irq_bypass_add_producer_hv+0xd4/0x3b0 [kvm_hv]
[17368.322888][T3614103]        kvm_arch_irq_bypass_add_producer+0x40/0x70 [kvm]
[17368.322925][T3614103]        __connect+0x118/0x150
[17368.322956][T3614103]        irq_bypass_register_producer+0x198/0x1d0
[17368.322989][T3614103]        vfio_msi_set_vector_signal+0x1d8/0x350 [vfio_pci]
[17368.323024][T3614103]        vfio_msi_set_block+0xb0/0x1e0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.323057][T3614103]        vfio_pci_set_irqs_ioctl+0x134/0x2c0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.323091][T3614103]        vfio_pci_ioctl+0xe10/0x1460 [vfio_pci]
[17368.323124][T3614103]        vfio_device_fops_unl_ioctl+0x44/0x70 [vfio]
[17368.323156][T3614103]        ksys_ioctl+0xd8/0x130
[17368.323176][T3614103]        sys_ioctl+0x28/0x40
[17368.323208][T3614103]        system_call_exception+0x108/0x1d0
[17368.323229][T3614103]        system_call_common+0xf0/0x278
[17368.323259][T3614103] 
[17368.323259][T3614103] other info that might help us debug this:
[17368.323259][T3614103] 
[17368.323295][T3614103] Chain exists of:
[17368.323295][T3614103]   &kvm->lock --> &vdev->memory_lock --> lock#7
[17368.323295][T3614103] 
[17368.323335][T3614103]  Possible unsafe locking scenario:
[17368.323335][T3614103] 
[17368.323368][T3614103]        CPU0                    CPU1
[17368.323410][T3614103]        ----                    ----
[17368.323429][T3614103]   lock(lock#7);
[17368.323447][T3614103]                                lock(&vdev->memory_lock);
[17368.323503][T3614103]                                lock(lock#7);
[17368.323535][T3614103]   lock(&kvm->lock);
[17368.323554][T3614103] 
[17368.323554][T3614103]  *** DEADLOCK ***
[17368.323554][T3614103] 
[17368.323590][T3614103] 3 locks held by qemu-kvm/3614103:
[17368.323609][T3614103]  #0: c000001f8daa2900 (&vdev->igate){+.+.}-{3:3}, at: vfio_pci_ioctl+0xdf0/0x1460 [vfio_pci]
[17368.323626][T3614103]  #1: c000001f8daa2b88 (&vdev->memory_lock){++++}-{3:3}, at: vfio_pci_set_irqs_ioctl+0xe8/0x2c0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.323646][T3614103]  #2: c0000000016f4dc8 (lock#7){+.+.}-{3:3}, at: irq_bypass_register_producer+0x80/0x1d0
[17368.323779][T3614103] 
[17368.323779][T3614103] stack backtrace:
[17368.323835][T3614103] CPU: 84 PID: 3614103 Comm: qemu-kvm Tainted: G        W         5.7.0-rc6-next-20200521+ #116
[17368.323963][T3614103] Call Trace:
[17368.324012][T3614103] [c000200d4260f380] [c00000000079cb38] dump_stack+0xfc/0x174 (unreliable)
[17368.324147][T3614103] [c000200d4260f3d0] [c0000000001ed958] print_circular_bug+0x2d8/0x350
[17368.324231][T3614103] [c000200d4260f470] [c0000000001edc40] check_noncircular+0x270/0x330
[17368.324328][T3614103] [c000200d4260f570] [c0000000001f4ce4] __lock_acquire+0x1fe4/0x3190
[17368.324427][T3614103] [c000200d4260f710] [c0000000001f0ec0] lock_acquire+0x140/0x9a0
[17368.324513][T3614103] [c000200d4260f840] [c000000000ad643c] __mutex_lock+0xdc/0xb80
[17368.324620][T3614103] [c000200d4260f960] [c0080000101e952c] kvmppc_irq_bypass_add_producer_hv+0xd4/0x3b0 [kvm_hv]
[17368.324747][T3614103] [c000200d4260fa10] [c0080000103ec698] kvm_arch_irq_bypass_add_producer+0x40/0x70 [kvm]
[17368.324845][T3614103] [c000200d4260fa30] [c000000000ad0558] __connect+0x118/0x150
[17368.324943][T3614103] [c000200d4260fa70] [c000000000ad0838] irq_bypass_register_producer+0x198/0x1d0
[17368.325048][T3614103] [c000200d4260fab0] [c00800000ffc5460] vfio_msi_set_vector_signal+0x1d8/0x350 [vfio_pci]
[17368.325178][T3614103] [c000200d4260fb70] [c00800000ffc5688] vfio_msi_set_block+0xb0/0x1e0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.325273][T3614103] [c000200d4260fbe0] [c00800000ffc6f2c] vfio_pci_set_irqs_ioctl+0x134/0x2c0 [vfio_pci]
[17368.325389][T3614103] [c000200d4260fc40] [c00800000ffc4be8] vfio_pci_ioctl+0xe10/0x1460 [vfio_pci]
[17368.325487][T3614103] [c000200d4260fd30] [c00800000fc805ec] vfio_device_fops_unl_ioctl+0x44/0x70 [vfio]
[17368.325598][T3614103] [c000200d4260fd50] [c0000000005a30b8] ksys_ioctl+0xd8/0x130
[17368.325681][T3614103] [c000200d4260fda0] [c0000000005a3138] sys_ioctl+0x28/0x40
[17368.325787][T3614103] [c000200d4260fdc0] [c000000000039e78] system_call_exception+0x108/0x1d0
[17368.325872][T3614103] [c000200d4260fe20] [c00000000000c9f0] system_call_common+0xf0/0x278

> +
> +	if (!__vfio_pci_memory_enabled(vdev)) {
> +		ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> +		mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> +		goto up_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (__vfio_pci_add_vma(vdev, vma)) {
> +		ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
> +		mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> +		goto up_out;
> +	}
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
>  
>  	if (remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_pgoff,
>  			    vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start, vma->vm_page_prot))
> -		return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> +		ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
>  
> -	return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
> +up_out:
> +	up_read(&vdev->memory_lock);
> +	return ret;
>  }

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