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Date:   Sun, 24 May 2020 16:36:07 -0700
From:   Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>
To:     Arvind Sankar <nivedita@...m.mit.edu>
Cc:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, x86@...nel.org,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Dmitry Golovin <dima@...ovin.in>,
        clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>,
        Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Kiper <daniel.kiper@...cle.com>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/4] x86/boot: Check that there are no runtime relocations

On 2020-05-24, Arvind Sankar wrote:
>Add a linker script check that there are no runtime relocations, and
>remove the old one that tries to check via looking for specially-named
>sections in the object files.
>
>Drop the tests for -fPIE compiler option and -pie linker option, as they
>are available in all supported gcc and binutils versions (as well as
>clang and lld).
>
>Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@...m.mit.edu>
>---
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile      | 28 +++-----------------------
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.lds.S | 11 ++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
>
>diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>index d3e882e855ee..679a2b383bfe 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ targets := vmlinux vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz vmlinux.bin.bz2 vmlinux.bin.lzma \
> 	vmlinux.bin.xz vmlinux.bin.lzo vmlinux.bin.lz4
>
> KBUILD_CFLAGS := -m$(BITS) -O2
>-KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-strict-aliasing $(call cc-option, -fPIE, -fPIC)
>+KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-strict-aliasing -fPIE
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -DDISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING
> cflags-$(CONFIG_X86_32) := -march=i386
> cflags-$(CONFIG_X86_64) := -mcmodel=small
>@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ UBSAN_SANITIZE :=n
> KBUILD_LDFLAGS := -m elf_$(UTS_MACHINE)
> # Compressed kernel should be built as PIE since it may be loaded at any
> # address by the bootloader.
>-KBUILD_LDFLAGS += $(call ld-option, -pie) $(call ld-option, --no-dynamic-linker)
>+KBUILD_LDFLAGS += -pie $(call ld-option, --no-dynamic-linker)
> LDFLAGS_vmlinux := -T
>
> hostprogs	:= mkpiggy
>@@ -84,30 +84,8 @@ vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_ACPI) += $(obj)/acpi.o
> vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_EFI_STUB) += $(objtree)/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/lib.a
> vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_EFI_MIXED) += $(obj)/efi_thunk_$(BITS).o
>
>-# The compressed kernel is built with -fPIC/-fPIE so that a boot loader
>-# can place it anywhere in memory and it will still run. However, since
>-# it is executed as-is without any ELF relocation processing performed
>-# (and has already had all relocation sections stripped from the binary),
>-# none of the code can use data relocations (e.g. static assignments of
>-# pointer values), since they will be meaningless at runtime. This check
>-# will refuse to link the vmlinux if any of these relocations are found.
>-quiet_cmd_check_data_rel = DATAREL $@
>-define cmd_check_data_rel
>-	for obj in $(filter %.o,$^); do \
>-		$(READELF) -S $$obj | grep -qF .rel.local && { \
>-			echo "error: $$obj has data relocations!" >&2; \
>-			exit 1; \
>-		} || true; \
>-	done
>-endef
>-
>-# We need to run two commands under "if_changed", so merge them into a
>-# single invocation.
>-quiet_cmd_check-and-link-vmlinux = LD      $@
>-      cmd_check-and-link-vmlinux = $(cmd_check_data_rel); $(cmd_ld)
>-
> $(obj)/vmlinux: $(vmlinux-objs-y) FORCE
>-	$(call if_changed,check-and-link-vmlinux)
>+	$(call if_changed,ld)
>
> OBJCOPYFLAGS_vmlinux.bin :=  -R .comment -S
> $(obj)/vmlinux.bin: vmlinux FORCE
>diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.lds.S
>index d826ab38a8f9..0ac14feacb24 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.lds.S
>+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux.lds.S
>@@ -11,9 +11,15 @@ OUTPUT_FORMAT(CONFIG_OUTPUT_FORMAT)
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> OUTPUT_ARCH(i386:x86-64)
> ENTRY(startup_64)
>+
>+#define REL .rela
>+
> #else
> OUTPUT_ARCH(i386)
> ENTRY(startup_32)
>+
>+#define REL .rel
>+
> #endif
>
> SECTIONS
>@@ -42,6 +48,9 @@ SECTIONS
> 		*(.rodata.*)
> 		_erodata = . ;
> 	}
>+	REL.dyn : {
>+		*(REL.*)
>+	}
> 	.got : {
> 		*(.got)
> 	}
>@@ -83,3 +92,5 @@ ASSERT(SIZEOF(.got.plt) == 0 || SIZEOF(.got.plt) == 0x18, "Unexpected GOT/PLT en
> #else
> ASSERT(SIZEOF(.got.plt) == 0 || SIZEOF(.got.plt) == 0xc, "Unexpected GOT/PLT entries detected!")
> #endif
>+
>+ASSERT(SIZEOF(REL.dyn) == 0, "Unexpected runtime relocations detected!")
>-- 
>2.26.2
>

`grep -qF .rel.local` from 98f78525371b55ccd1c480207ce10296c72fa340
may be incorrect.. None of these synthesized dynamic relocation sections is
called *.rel.local* ...
(it probably wanted to name .rel.data.rel.ro or .rel.data)


Reviewed-by: Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>

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