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Date:   Fri, 12 Jun 2020 15:47:14 +0530
From:   afzal mohammed <>
To:     Russell King - ARM Linux admin <>,
        Arnd Bergmann <>,
        Linus Walleij <>
        Nicolas Pitre <>,
        Catalin Marinas <>,
        Will Deacon <>
Subject: [RFC 0/3] ARM: copy_{from,to}_user() for vmsplit 4g/4g


copy_{from,to}_user() uaccess helpers are implemented by user page
pinning, followed by temporary kernel mapping & then memcpy(). This
helps to achieve user page copy when current virtual address mapping
of the CPU excludes user pages.

Other uaccess routines are also planned to be modified to make use of
pinning plus kmap_atomic() based on the feedback here.

This is done as one of the initial steps to achieve 4G virtual
address mapping for user as well as Kernel on ARMv7 w/ LPAE.

Motive behind this is to enable Kernel access till 4GiB (almost) as
lowmem, thus helping in removing highmem support for platforms having
upto 4GiB RAM. In the case of platforms having >4GiB, highmem is still
required for the Kernel to be able to access whole RAM.

Performance wise, results are not encouraging, 'dd' on tmpfs results,

ARM Cortex-A8, BeagleBone White (256MiB RAM):
w/o series - ~29.5 MB/s
w/ series - ~20.5 MB/s
w/ series & highmem disabled - ~21.2 MB/s

On Cortex-A15(2GiB RAM) in QEMU:
w/o series - ~4 MB/s
w/ series - ~2.6 MB/s

Roughly a one-third drop in performance. Disabling highmem improves
performance only slightly.

'hackbench' also showed a similar pattern.

Ways to improve the performance has to be explored, if any one has
thoughts on it, please share.

uaccess routines using page pinning & temporary kernel mapping is not
something new, it has been done by Ingo long long ago [1] as part of
4G/4G user/kernel mapping implementation on x86, though not merged in

Arnd has outlined basic design for vmsplit 4g/4g, uaccess routines
using user page pinning plus kmap_atomic() is one part of that.


Last 2 patches are only meant for testing first patch.


afzal mohammed (3):
  lib: copy_{from,to}_user using gup & kmap_atomic()
  ARM: uaccess: let UACCESS_GUP_KMAP_MEMCPY enabling
  ARM: provide CONFIG_VMSPLIT_4G_DEV for development

 arch/arm/Kconfig               |   9 ++
 arch/arm/include/asm/uaccess.h |  20 ++++
 arch/arm/kernel/armksyms.c     |   2 +
 arch/arm/lib/Makefile          |   7 +-
 lib/Kconfig                    |   4 +
 lib/Makefile                   |   3 +
 lib/uaccess_gup_kmap_memcpy.c  | 162 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 205 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 lib/uaccess_gup_kmap_memcpy.c


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