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Date:   Fri, 12 Jun 2020 18:15:39 +0200
From:   Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>
To:     Charan Teja Kalla <charante@...eaurora.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        mgorman@...hsingularity.net, linux-mm@...ck.org
Cc:     LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, vinmenon@...eaurora.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm, page_alloc: skip ->watermark_boost for atomic order-0
 allocations-fix

On 6/11/20 2:09 PM, Charan Teja Kalla wrote:
> When boosting is enabled, it is observed that rate of atomic order-0
> allocation failures are high due to the fact that free levels in the
> system are checked with ->watermark_boost offset. This is not a problem
> for sleepable allocations but for atomic allocations which looks like
> regression.
> 
> This problem is seen frequently on system setup of Android kernel
> running on Snapdragon hardware with 4GB RAM size. When no extfrag event
> occurred in the system, ->watermark_boost factor is zero, thus the
> watermark configurations in the system are:
>    _watermark = (
>           [WMARK_MIN] = 1272, --> ~5MB
>           [WMARK_LOW] = 9067, --> ~36MB
>           [WMARK_HIGH] = 9385), --> ~38MB
>    watermark_boost = 0
> 
> After launching some memory hungry applications in Android which can
> cause extfrag events in the system to an extent that ->watermark_boost
> can be set to max i.e. default boost factor makes it to 150% of high
> watermark.
>    _watermark = (
>           [WMARK_MIN] = 1272, --> ~5MB
>           [WMARK_LOW] = 9067, --> ~36MB
>           [WMARK_HIGH] = 9385), --> ~38MB
>    watermark_boost = 14077, -->~57MB
> 
> With default system configuration, for an atomic order-0 allocation to
> succeed, having free memory of ~2MB will suffice. But boosting makes
> the min_wmark to ~61MB thus for an atomic order-0 allocation to be
> successful system should have minimum of ~23MB of free memory(from
> calculations of zone_watermark_ok(), min = 3/4(min/2)). But failures are
> observed despite system is having ~20MB of free memory. In the testing,
> this is reproducible as early as first 300secs since boot and with
> furtherlowram configurations(<2GB) it is observed as early as first
> 150secs since boot.
> 
> These failures can be avoided by excluding the ->watermark_boost in
> watermark caluculations for atomic order-0 allocations.
> 
> Fix-suggested-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@...hsingularity.net>
> Signed-off-by: Charan Teja Reddy <charante@...eaurora.org>

For the patch+fix:

Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>

The boost and highatomic stuff certainly made the whole thing more subtle.

> ---
> 
> Change in linux-next: https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1244272/ 
> 
>  mm/page_alloc.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++----------------
>  1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 0c435b2..18f407e 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -3580,7 +3580,7 @@ bool zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark,
>  
>  static inline bool zone_watermark_fast(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
>  				unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx,
> -				unsigned int alloc_flags)
> +				unsigned int alloc_flags, gfp_t gfp_mask)
>  {
>  	long free_pages = zone_page_state(z, NR_FREE_PAGES);
>  	long cma_pages = 0;
> @@ -3602,8 +3602,23 @@ static inline bool zone_watermark_fast(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
>  				mark + z->lowmem_reserve[highest_zoneidx])
>  		return true;
>  
> -	return __zone_watermark_ok(z, order, mark, highest_zoneidx, alloc_flags,
> -					free_pages);
> +	if (__zone_watermark_ok(z, order, mark, highest_zoneidx, alloc_flags,
> +					free_pages))
> +		return true;
> +	/*
> +	 * Ignore watermark boosting for GFP_ATOMIC order-0 allocations
> +	 * when checking the min watermark. The min watermark is the
> +	 * point where boosting is ignored so that kswapd is woken up
> +	 * when below the low watermark.
> +	 */
> +	if (unlikely(!order && (gfp_mask & __GFP_ATOMIC) && z->watermark_boost
> +		&& ((alloc_flags & ALLOC_WMARK_MASK) == WMARK_MIN))) {
> +		mark = z->_watermark[WMARK_MIN];
> +		return __zone_watermark_ok(z, order, mark, highest_zoneidx,
> +					alloc_flags, free_pages);
> +	}
> +
> +	return false;
>  }
>  
>  bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
> @@ -3746,20 +3761,9 @@ static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
>  		}
>  
>  		mark = wmark_pages(zone, alloc_flags & ALLOC_WMARK_MASK);
> -		/*
> -		 * Allow GFP_ATOMIC order-0 allocations to exclude the
> -		 * zone->watermark_boost in their watermark calculations.
> -		 * We rely on the ALLOC_ flags set for GFP_ATOMIC requests in
> -		 * gfp_to_alloc_flags() for this.  Reason not to use the
> -		 * GFP_ATOMIC directly is that we want to fall back to slow path
> -		 * thus wake up kswapd.
> -		 */
> -		if (unlikely(!order && !(alloc_flags & ALLOC_WMARK_MASK) &&
> -		     (alloc_flags & (ALLOC_HARDER | ALLOC_HIGH)))) {
> -			mark = zone->_watermark[WMARK_MIN];
> -		}
>  		if (!zone_watermark_fast(zone, order, mark,
> -				       ac->highest_zoneidx, alloc_flags)) {
> +				       ac->highest_zoneidx, alloc_flags,
> +				       gfp_mask)) {
>  			int ret;
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
> 

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