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Date:   Sun, 14 Jun 2020 14:02:53 -0700
From:   Sultan Alsawaf <>
To:     Aaron Ma <>,
        Andy Shevchenko <>,
        Benjamin Tissoires <>,
        Hans de Goede <>,
        HungNien Chen <>,
        Jarkko Nikula <>,
        Jiri Kosina <>,
        Kai-Heng Feng <>,,,,
        Mika Westerberg <>,
        Pavel Balan <>, Tin Huynh <>,
        Wolfram Sang <>,
        You-Sheng Yang <>
Cc:     Sultan Alsawaf <>
Subject: [PATCH 0/2] i2c-hid: Save power by reducing i2c xfers with block reads

From: Sultan Alsawaf <>


I noticed on my Dell Precision 15 5540 with an i9-9880H that simply putting my
finger on the touchpad would increase my system's power consumption by 4W, which
is quite considerable. Resting my finger on the touchpad would generate roughly
4000 i2c irqs per second, or roughly 20 i2c irqs per touchpad irq.

Upon closer inspection, I noticed that the i2c-hid driver would always transfer
the maximum report size over i2c (which is 60 bytes for my touchpad), but all of
my touchpad's normal touch events are only 32 bytes long according to the length
byte contained in the buffer sequence.

Therefore, I was able to save about 2W of power by passing the I2C_M_RECV_LEN
flag in i2c-hid, which says to look for the payload length in the first byte of
the transfer buffer and adjust the i2c transaction accordingly. The only problem
though is that my i2c controller's driver allows bytes other than the first one
to be used to retrieve the payload length, which is incorrect according to the
SMBus spec, and would break my i2c-hid change since not *all* of the reports
from my touchpad are conforming SMBus block reads.

This patchset fixes the I2C_M_RECV_LEN behavior in the designware i2c driver and
modifies i2c-hid to use I2C_M_RECV_LEN to save quite a bit of power. Even if the
peripheral controlled by i2c-hid doesn't support block reads, the i2c controller
drivers should cope with this and proceed with the i2c transfer using the
original requested length.


Sultan Alsawaf (2):
  i2c: designware: Only check the first byte for SMBus block read length
  HID: i2c-hid: Use block reads when possible to save power

 drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid-core.c         |  3 ++-
 drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-designware-master.c | 10 +++++-----
 2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)


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