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Date:   Sat,  4 Jul 2020 04:26:14 -0700
From:   Liu Yi L <>
Subject: [PATCH v4 00/15] vfio: expose virtual Shared Virtual Addressing to VMs

Shared Virtual Addressing (SVA), a.k.a, Shared Virtual Memory (SVM) on
Intel platforms allows address space sharing between device DMA and
applications. SVA can reduce programming complexity and enhance security.

This VFIO series is intended to expose SVA usage to VMs. i.e. Sharing
guest application address space with passthru devices. This is called
vSVA in this series. The whole vSVA enabling requires QEMU/VFIO/IOMMU
changes. For IOMMU and QEMU changes, they are in separate series (listed
in the "Related series").

The high-level architecture for SVA virtualization is as below, the key
design of vSVA support is to utilize the dual-stage IOMMU translation (
also known as IOMMU nesting translation) capability in host IOMMU.

    .-------------.  .---------------------------.
    |   vIOMMU    |  | Guest process CR3, FL only|
    |             |  '---------------------------'
    | PASID Entry |--- PASID cache flush -
    '-------------'                       |
    |             |                       V
    |             |                CR3 in GPA
------| Shadow |--------------------------|--------
      v        v                          v
    .-------------.  .----------------------.
    |   pIOMMU    |  | Bind FL for GVA-GPA  |
    |             |  '----------------------'
    .----------------/  |
    | PASID Entry |     V (Nested xlate)
    |             |   |SL for GPA-HPA, default domain|
    |             |   '------------------------------'
 - FL = First level/stage one page tables
 - SL = Second level/stage two page tables

Patch Overview:
 1. a refactor to vfio_iommu_type1 ioctl (patch 0001)
 2. reports IOMMU nesting info to userspace ( patch 0002, 0003 and 0014)
 3. vfio support for PASID allocation and free for VMs (patch 0004, 0005, 0006)
 4. vfio support for binding guest page table to host (patch 0007, 0008, 0009)
 5. vfio support for IOMMU cache invalidation from VMs (patch 0010)
 6. vfio support for vSVA usage on IOMMU-backed mdevs (patch 0011)
 7. expose PASID capability to VM (patch 0012)
 8. add doc for VFIO dual stage control (patch 0013)

The complete vSVA kernel upstream patches are divided into three phases:
    1. Common APIs and PCI device direct assignment
    2. IOMMU-backed Mediated Device assignment
    3. Page Request Services (PRS) support

This patchset is aiming for the phase 1 and phase 2, and based on Jacob's
below series.
*) [PATCH v3 0/5] IOMMU user API enhancement - wip

*) [PATCH 00/10] IOASID extensions for guest SVA - wip

The latest IOASID code added below new interface for itertate all PASIDs of an
ioasid_set. The implementation is not sent out yet as Jacob needs some cleanup,
it can be found in branch vsva-linux-5.8-rc3-v4 on github (mentioned below):
 int ioasid_set_for_each_ioasid(int sid, void (*fn)(ioasid_t id, void *data), void *data);

Complete set for current vSVA can be found in below branch. vsva-linux-5.8-rc3-v4

The corresponding QEMU patch series is included in below branch: vsva_5.8_rc3_qemu_rfcv7

Yi Liu

	- Patch v3 -> Patch v4:
	  a) Address comments against v3
	  b) Add rb from Stefan on patch 14/15
	  Patch v3:

	- Patch v2 -> Patch v3:
	  a) Rebase on top of Jacob's v3 iommu uapi patchset
	  b) Address comments from Kevin and Stefan Hajnoczi
	  c) Reuse DOMAIN_ATTR_NESTING to get iommu nesting info
	  d) Drop [PATCH v2 07/15] iommu/uapi: Add iommu_gpasid_unbind_data
	  Patch v2:

	- Patch v1 -> Patch v2:
	  a) Refactor vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl() per suggestion from Christoph
	  b) Re-sequence the patch series for better bisect support.
	  c) Report IOMMU nesting cap info in detail instead of a format in
	  d) Enforce one group per nesting type container for vfio iommu type1
	  e) Build the vfio_mm related code from vfio.c to be a separate
	  f) Add PASID ownership check in IOMMU driver.
	  g) Adopted to latest IOMMU UAPI design. Removed IOMMU UAPI version
	     check. Added iommu_gpasid_unbind_data for unbind requests from
	  h) Define a single ioctl:VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP for bind/unbind_gtbl
	     and cahce_invld.
	  i) Document dual stage control in vfio.rst.
	  Patch v1:

	- RFC v3 -> Patch v1:
	  a) Address comments to the PASID request(alloc/free) path
	  b) Report PASID alloc/free availabitiy to user-space
	  c) Add a vfio_iommu_type1 parameter to support pasid quota tuning
	  d) Adjusted to latest ioasid code implementation. e.g. remove the
	     code for tracking the allocated PASIDs as latest ioasid code
	     will track it, VFIO could use ioasid_free_set() to free all
	  RFC v3:

	- RFC v2 -> v3:
	  a) Refine the whole patchset to fit the roughly parts in this series
	  b) Adds complete vfio PASID management framework. e.g. pasid alloc,
	  free, reclaim in VM crash/down and per-VM PASID quota to prevent
	  PASID abuse.
	  c) Adds IOMMU uAPI version check and page table format check to ensure
	  version compatibility and hardware compatibility.
	  d) Adds vSVA vfio support for IOMMU-backed mdevs.
	  RFC v2:

	- RFC v1 -> v2:
	  RFC v1:

Eric Auger (1):
  vfio: Document dual stage control

Liu Yi L (13):
  vfio/type1: Refactor vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl()
  iommu: Report domain nesting info
  iommu/smmu: Report empty domain nesting info
  vfio/type1: Report iommu nesting info to userspace
  vfio: Add PASID allocation/free support
  iommu/vt-d: Support setting ioasid set to domain
  vfio/type1: Add VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST (alloc/free)
  iommu/vt-d: Check ownership for PASIDs from user-space
  vfio/type1: Support binding guest page tables to PASID
  vfio/type1: Allow invalidating first-level/stage IOMMU cache
  vfio/type1: Add vSVA support for IOMMU-backed mdevs
  vfio/pci: Expose PCIe PASID capability to guest
  iommu/vt-d: Support reporting nesting capability info

Yi Sun (1):
  iommu: Pass domain to sva_unbind_gpasid()

 Documentation/driver-api/vfio.rst  |  67 +++
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-v3.c        |  29 +-
 drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c           |  29 +-
 drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c        | 107 ++++-
 drivers/iommu/intel/svm.c          |  10 +-
 drivers/iommu/iommu.c              |   2 +-
 drivers/vfio/Kconfig               |   6 +
 drivers/vfio/Makefile              |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_config.c |   2 +-
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c    | 819 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c          | 192 +++++++++
 include/linux/intel-iommu.h        |  23 +-
 include/linux/iommu.h              |   4 +-
 include/linux/vfio.h               |  54 +++
 include/uapi/linux/iommu.h         |  78 ++++
 include/uapi/linux/vfio.h          |  85 ++++
 16 files changed, 1309 insertions(+), 199 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c


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