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Date:   Tue, 7 Jul 2020 16:21:44 +0800
From:   Zong Li <zong.li@...ive.com>
To:     Guo Ren <guoren@...nel.org>
Cc:     Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt@...gle.com>,
        Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@...ive.com>,
        Anup Patel <anup@...infault.org>,
        Greentime Hu <greentime.hu@...ive.com>,
        Patrick Stählin <me@...ki.ch>,
        bjorn.topel@...il.com, Atish Patra <atish.patra@....com>,
        linux-riscv <linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org List" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-csky@...r.kernel.org, Guo Ren <guoren@...ux.alibaba.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH V1 2/5] RISC-V: Implement ptrace regs and stack API

On Sat, Jul 4, 2020 at 11:34 AM <guoren@...nel.org> wrote:
>
> From: Patrick Stählin <me@...ki.ch>
>
> Needed for kprobes support. Copied and adapted from arm64 code.
>
> Guo Ren fixup pt_regs type for linux-5.8-rc1.
>
> Signed-off-by: Patrick Stählin <me@...ki.ch>
> Signed-off-by: Guo Ren <guoren@...ux.alibaba.com>
> ---
>  arch/riscv/Kconfig              |  1 +
>  arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h | 29 ++++++++++++
>  arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c      | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 129 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> index 128192e..58d6f66 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
> @@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ config RISCV
>         select SPARSE_IRQ
>         select SYSCTL_EXCEPTION_TRACE
>         select THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
> +       select HAVE_REGS_AND_STACK_ACCESS_API
>
>  config ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MIN
>         default 18 if 64BIT
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
> index ee49f80..23372bb 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
> +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
> @@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
>
>  #include <uapi/asm/ptrace.h>
>  #include <asm/csr.h>
> +#include <linux/compiler.h>
>
>  #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
>
> @@ -60,6 +61,7 @@ struct pt_regs {
>
>  #define user_mode(regs) (((regs)->status & SR_PP) == 0)
>
> +#define MAX_REG_OFFSET offsetof(struct pt_regs, orig_a0)
>
>  /* Helpers for working with the instruction pointer */
>  static inline unsigned long instruction_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
> @@ -85,6 +87,12 @@ static inline void user_stack_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs,
>         regs->sp =  val;
>  }
>
> +/* Valid only for Kernel mode traps. */
> +static inline unsigned long kernel_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +{
> +       return regs->sp;
> +}
> +
>  /* Helpers for working with the frame pointer */
>  static inline unsigned long frame_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
>  {
> @@ -101,6 +109,27 @@ static inline unsigned long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
>         return regs->a0;
>  }
>
> +extern int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name);
> +extern unsigned long regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *regs,
> +                                              unsigned int n);
> +
> +/**
> + * regs_get_register() - get register value from its offset
> + * @regs:      pt_regs from which register value is gotten
> + * @offset:    offset of the register.
> + *
> + * regs_get_register returns the value of a register whose offset from @regs.
> + * The @offset is the offset of the register in struct pt_regs.
> + * If @offset is bigger than MAX_REG_OFFSET, this returns 0.
> + */
> +static inline unsigned long regs_get_register(struct pt_regs *regs,
> +                                             unsigned int offset)
> +{
> +       if (unlikely(offset > MAX_REG_OFFSET))
> +               return 0;
> +
> +       return *(unsigned long *)((unsigned long)regs + offset);
> +}
>  #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
>
>  #endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H */
> diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
> index 444dc7b..a11c692 100644
> --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
> +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
> @@ -125,6 +125,105 @@ const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *task)
>         return &riscv_user_native_view;
>  }
>
> +struct pt_regs_offset {
> +       const char *name;
> +       int offset;
> +};
> +
> +#define REG_OFFSET_NAME(r) {.name = #r, .offset = offsetof(struct pt_regs, r)}
> +#define REG_OFFSET_END {.name = NULL, .offset = 0}
> +
> +static const struct pt_regs_offset regoffset_table[] = {
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(epc),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(ra),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(sp),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(gp),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(tp),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t0),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t1),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t2),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s0),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s1),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a0),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a1),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a2),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a3),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a4),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a5),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a6),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(a7),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s2),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s3),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s4),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s5),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s6),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s7),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s8),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s9),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s10),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(s11),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t3),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t4),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t5),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(t6),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(status),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(badaddr),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(cause),
> +       REG_OFFSET_NAME(orig_a0),
> +       REG_OFFSET_END,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * regs_query_register_offset() - query register offset from its name
> + * @name:      the name of a register
> + *
> + * regs_query_register_offset() returns the offset of a register in struct
> + * pt_regs from its name. If the name is invalid, this returns -EINVAL;
> + */
> +int regs_query_register_offset(const char *name)
> +{
> +       const struct pt_regs_offset *roff;
> +
> +       for (roff = regoffset_table; roff->name != NULL; roff++)
> +               if (!strcmp(roff->name, name))
> +                       return roff->offset;
> +       return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * regs_within_kernel_stack() - check the address in the stack
> + * @regs:      pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer.
> + * @addr:      address which is checked.
> + *
> + * regs_within_kernel_stack() checks @addr is within the kernel stack page(s).
> + * If @addr is within the kernel stack, it returns true. If not, returns false.
> + */
> +static bool regs_within_kernel_stack(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long addr)
> +{
> +       return (addr & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1))  ==
> +               (kernel_stack_pointer(regs) & ~(THREAD_SIZE - 1));
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() - get Nth entry of the stack
> + * @regs:      pt_regs which contains kernel stack pointer.
> + * @n:         stack entry number.
> + *
> + * regs_get_kernel_stack_nth() returns @n th entry of the kernel stack which
> + * is specified by @regs. If the @n th entry is NOT in the kernel stack,
> + * this returns 0.
> + */
> +unsigned long regs_get_kernel_stack_nth(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int n)
> +{
> +       unsigned long *addr = (unsigned long *)kernel_stack_pointer(regs);
> +
> +       addr += n;
> +       if (regs_within_kernel_stack(regs, (unsigned long)addr))
> +               return *addr;
> +       else
> +               return 0;
> +}
> +
>  void ptrace_disable(struct task_struct *child)
>  {
>         clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
> --
> 2.7.4
>

Looks good to me.

Reviewed-by: Zong Li <zong.li@...ive.com>

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