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Date:   Fri, 17 Jul 2020 19:34:24 +0200
From:   Auger Eric <eric.auger@...hat.com>
To:     Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@...el.com>, alex.williamson@...hat.com,
        baolu.lu@...ux.intel.com, joro@...tes.org
Cc:     kevin.tian@...el.com, jacob.jun.pan@...ux.intel.com,
        ashok.raj@...el.com, jun.j.tian@...el.com, yi.y.sun@...el.com,
        jean-philippe@...aro.org, peterx@...hat.com, hao.wu@...el.com,
        stefanha@...il.com, iommu@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        kvm@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 04/15] vfio/type1: Report iommu nesting info to
 userspace

Yi,

On 7/12/20 1:20 PM, Liu Yi L wrote:
> This patch exports iommu nesting capability info to user space through
> VFIO. User space is expected to check this info for supported uAPIs (e.g.
it is not only to check the supported uAPIS but rather to know which
callbacks it must call upon vIOMMU events and which features are
supported by the physical IOMMU.
> PASID alloc/free, bind page table, and cache invalidation) and the vendor
> specific format information for first level/stage page table that will be
> bound to.
> 
> The nesting info is available only after the nesting iommu type is set
> for a container.
to NESTED type
 Current implementation imposes one limitation - one
> nesting container should include at most one group. The philosophy of
> vfio container is having all groups/devices within the container share
> the same IOMMU context. When vSVA is enabled, one IOMMU context could
> include one 2nd-level address space and multiple 1st-level address spaces.
> While the 2nd-level address space is reasonably sharable by multiple groups
> , blindly sharing 1st-level address spaces across all groups within the
> container might instead break the guest expectation. In the future sub/
> super container concept might be introduced to allow partial address space
> sharing within an IOMMU context. But for now let's go with this restriction
> by requiring singleton container for using nesting iommu features. Below
> link has the related discussion about this decision.

Maybe add a note about SMMU related changes spotted by Jean.
> 
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/5/15/1028
> 
> Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@...el.com>
> CC: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@...ux.intel.com>
> Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@...hat.com>
> Cc: Eric Auger <eric.auger@...hat.com>
> Cc: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@...aro.org>
> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@...tes.org>
> Cc: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@...ux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@...el.com>
> ---
> v4 -> v5:
> *) address comments from Eric Auger.
> *) return struct iommu_nesting_info for VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1_INFO_CAP_NESTING as
>    cap is much "cheap", if needs extension in future, just define another cap.
>    https://lore.kernel.org/kvm/20200708132947.5b7ee954@x1.home/
> 
> v3 -> v4:
> *) address comments against v3.
> 
> v1 -> v2:
> *) added in v2
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 102 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
>  include/uapi/linux/vfio.h       |  19 ++++++++
>  2 files changed, 109 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 3bd70ff..ed80104 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -62,18 +62,20 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(dma_entry_limit,
>  		 "Maximum number of user DMA mappings per container (65535).");
>  
>  struct vfio_iommu {
> -	struct list_head	domain_list;
> -	struct list_head	iova_list;
> -	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
> -	struct mutex		lock;
> -	struct rb_root		dma_list;
> -	struct blocking_notifier_head notifier;
> -	unsigned int		dma_avail;
> -	uint64_t		pgsize_bitmap;
> -	bool			v2;
> -	bool			nesting;
> -	bool			dirty_page_tracking;
> -	bool			pinned_page_dirty_scope;
> +	struct list_head		domain_list;
> +	struct list_head		iova_list;
> +	/* domain for external user */
> +	struct vfio_domain		*external_domain;
> +	struct mutex			lock;
> +	struct rb_root			dma_list;
> +	struct blocking_notifier_head	notifier;
> +	unsigned int			dma_avail;
> +	uint64_t			pgsize_bitmap;
> +	bool				v2;
> +	bool				nesting;
> +	bool				dirty_page_tracking;
> +	bool				pinned_page_dirty_scope;
> +	struct iommu_nesting_info	*nesting_info;
>  };
>  
>  struct vfio_domain {
> @@ -130,6 +132,9 @@ struct vfio_regions {
>  #define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)	\
>  					(!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
>  
> +#define CONTAINER_HAS_DOMAIN(iommu)	(((iommu)->external_domain) || \
> +					 (!list_empty(&(iommu)->domain_list)))
> +
>  #define DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(n)	(ALIGN(n, BITS_PER_TYPE(u64)) / BITS_PER_BYTE)
>  
>  /*
> @@ -1929,6 +1934,13 @@ static void vfio_iommu_iova_insert_copy(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  
>  	list_splice_tail(iova_copy, iova);
>  }
> +
> +static void vfio_iommu_release_nesting_info(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> +{
> +	kfree(iommu->nesting_info);
> +	iommu->nesting_info = NULL;
> +}
> +
>  static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  					 struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
>  {
> @@ -1959,6 +1971,12 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  		}
>  	}
>  
> +	/* Nesting type container can include only one group */
> +	if (iommu->nesting && CONTAINER_HAS_DOMAIN(iommu)) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
>  	group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
>  	domain = kzalloc(sizeof(*domain), GFP_KERNEL);
>  	if (!group || !domain) {
> @@ -2029,6 +2047,32 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto out_domain;
>  
> +	/* Nesting cap info is available only after attaching */
> +	if (iommu->nesting) {
> +		struct iommu_nesting_info tmp = { .size = 0, };
> +
> +		/* First get the size of vendor specific nesting info */
> +		ret = iommu_domain_get_attr(domain->domain,
> +					    DOMAIN_ATTR_NESTING,
> +					    &tmp);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto out_detach;
> +
> +		iommu->nesting_info = kzalloc(tmp.size, GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!iommu->nesting_info) {
> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
> +			goto out_detach;
> +		}
> +
> +		/* Now get the nesting info */
> +		iommu->nesting_info->size = tmp.size;
> +		ret = iommu_domain_get_attr(domain->domain,
> +					    DOMAIN_ATTR_NESTING,
> +					    iommu->nesting_info);
> +		if (ret)
> +			goto out_detach;
> +	}
> +
>  	/* Get aperture info */
>  	iommu_domain_get_attr(domain->domain, DOMAIN_ATTR_GEOMETRY, &geo);
>  
> @@ -2138,6 +2182,7 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  	return 0;
>  
>  out_detach:
> +	vfio_iommu_release_nesting_info(iommu);
>  	vfio_iommu_detach_group(domain, group);
>  out_domain:
>  	iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
> @@ -2338,6 +2383,8 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
>  				else
>  					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(iommu);
> +
> +				vfio_iommu_release_nesting_info(iommu);
>  			}
>  			iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
>  			list_del(&domain->next);
> @@ -2546,6 +2593,31 @@ static int vfio_iommu_migration_build_caps(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	return vfio_info_add_capability(caps, &cap_mig.header, sizeof(cap_mig));
>  }
>  
> +static int vfio_iommu_info_add_nesting_cap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> +					   struct vfio_info_cap *caps)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
> +	struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting *nesting_cap;
> +	size_t size;
> +
> +	size = offsetof(struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting, info) +
> +		iommu->nesting_info->size;
> +
> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
> +				   VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1_INFO_CAP_NESTING, 1);
> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
> +
> +	nesting_cap = container_of(header,
> +				   struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting,
> +				   header);
> +
> +	memcpy(&nesting_cap->info, iommu->nesting_info,
> +	       iommu->nesting_info->size);
you must check whether nesting_info is non NULL before doing that.

Besides I agree with Jean on the fact it may be better to not report the
capability if nested is not supported.
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  static int vfio_iommu_type1_get_info(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  				     unsigned long arg)
>  {
> @@ -2581,6 +2653,12 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_get_info(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	if (!ret)
>  		ret = vfio_iommu_iova_build_caps(iommu, &caps);
>  
> +	if (iommu->nesting_info) {
> +		ret = vfio_iommu_info_add_nesting_cap(iommu, &caps);
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +	}
> +
>  	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>  
>  	if (ret)
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> index 9204705..46a78af 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
>  
>  #include <linux/types.h>
>  #include <linux/ioctl.h>
> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
>  
>  #define VFIO_API_VERSION	0
>  
> @@ -1039,6 +1040,24 @@ struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_migration {
>  	__u64	max_dirty_bitmap_size;		/* in bytes */
>  };
>  
> +/*
> + * The nesting capability allows to report the related capability
> + * and info for nesting iommu type.
> + *
> + * The structures below define version 1 of this capability.
> + *
> + * User space selected VFIO_TYPE1_NESTING_IOMMU type should check
> + * this capto get supported features.
s/capto/capability to get
> + *
> + * @info: the nesting info provided by IOMMU driver.
> + */
> +#define VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1_INFO_CAP_NESTING  3
> +
> +struct vfio_iommu_type1_info_cap_nesting {
> +	struct	vfio_info_cap_header header;
> +	struct iommu_nesting_info info;
> +};
> +
>  #define VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 12)
>  
>  /**
> 

Thanks

Eric

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