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Date:   Tue, 04 Aug 2020 18:47:52 -0700 (PDT)
From:   Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...belt.com>
To:     Anup Patel <Anup.Patel@....com>
CC:     Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@...ive.com>, aou@...s.berkeley.edu,
        robh+dt@...nel.org, daniel.lezcano@...aro.org, tglx@...utronix.de,
        Damien Le Moal <Damien.LeMoal@....com>,
        Atish Patra <Atish.Patra@....com>,
        Alistair Francis <Alistair.Francis@....com>,
        anup@...infault.org, linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, devicetree@...r.kernel.org,
        Anup Patel <Anup.Patel@....com>, kernel@...il.dk
Subject:     Re: [PATCH v6 2/4] clocksource/drivers: Add CLINT timer driver

On Fri, 24 Jul 2020 00:18:20 PDT (-0700), Anup Patel wrote:
> We add a separate CLINT timer driver for Linux RISC-V M-mode (i.e.
> RISC-V NoMMU kernel).
>
> The CLINT MMIO device provides three things:
> 1. 64bit free running counter register
> 2. 64bit per-CPU time compare registers
> 3. 32bit per-CPU inter-processor interrupt registers
>
> Unlike other timer devices, CLINT provides IPI registers along with
> timer registers. To use CLINT IPI registers, the CLINT timer driver
> provides IPI related callbacks to arch/riscv.
>
> Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel@....com>
> Tested-by: Emil Renner Berhing <kernel@...il.dk>
> Acked-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@...aro.org>
> ---
>  drivers/clocksource/Kconfig       |   9 ++
>  drivers/clocksource/Makefile      |   1 +
>  drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c | 226 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/cpuhotplug.h        |   1 +
>  4 files changed, 237 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig b/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
> index 91418381fcd4..41f1c147c178 100644
> --- a/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/clocksource/Kconfig
> @@ -658,6 +658,15 @@ config RISCV_TIMER
>  	  is accessed via both the SBI and the rdcycle instruction.  This is
>  	  required for all RISC-V systems.
>
> +config CLINT_TIMER
> +	bool "CLINT Timer for the RISC-V platform" if COMPILE_TEST
> +	depends on GENERIC_SCHED_CLOCK && RISCV
> +	select TIMER_PROBE
> +	select TIMER_OF
> +	help
> +	  This option enables the CLINT timer for RISC-V systems.  The CLINT
> +	  driver is usually used for NoMMU RISC-V systems.
> +
>  config CSKY_MP_TIMER
>  	bool "SMP Timer for the C-SKY platform" if COMPILE_TEST
>  	depends on CSKY
> diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/Makefile b/drivers/clocksource/Makefile
> index bdda1a2e4097..18e700e703a0 100644
> --- a/drivers/clocksource/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/clocksource/Makefile
> @@ -87,6 +87,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CLKSRC_ST_LPC)		+= clksrc_st_lpc.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_X86_NUMACHIP)		+= numachip.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ATCPIT100_TIMER)		+= timer-atcpit100.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_TIMER)		+= timer-riscv.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_CLINT_TIMER)		+= timer-clint.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_CSKY_MP_TIMER)		+= timer-mp-csky.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_GX6605S_TIMER)		+= timer-gx6605s.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERV_TIMER)		+= hyperv_timer.o
> diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c b/drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..8eeafa82c03d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/clocksource/timer-clint.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,226 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2020 Western Digital Corporation or its affiliates.
> + *
> + * Most of the M-mode (i.e. NoMMU) RISC-V systems usually have a
> + * CLINT MMIO timer device.
> + */
> +
> +#define pr_fmt(fmt) "clint: " fmt
> +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> +#include <linux/clocksource.h>
> +#include <linux/clockchips.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/of_address.h>
> +#include <linux/sched_clock.h>
> +#include <linux/io-64-nonatomic-lo-hi.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/of_irq.h>
> +#include <linux/smp.h>
> +
> +#define CLINT_IPI_OFF		0
> +#define CLINT_TIMER_CMP_OFF	0x4000
> +#define CLINT_TIMER_VAL_OFF	0xbff8
> +
> +/* CLINT manages IPI and Timer for RISC-V M-mode  */
> +static u32 __iomem *clint_ipi_base;
> +static u64 __iomem *clint_timer_cmp;
> +static u64 __iomem *clint_timer_val;
> +static unsigned long clint_timer_freq;
> +static unsigned int clint_timer_irq;
> +
> +static void clint_send_ipi(const struct cpumask *target)
> +{
> +	unsigned int cpu;
> +
> +	for_each_cpu(cpu, target)
> +		writel(1, clint_ipi_base + cpuid_to_hartid_map(cpu));
> +}
> +
> +static void clint_clear_ipi(void)
> +{
> +	writel(0, clint_ipi_base + cpuid_to_hartid_map(smp_processor_id()));
> +}
> +
> +static struct riscv_ipi_ops clint_ipi_ops = {
> +	.ipi_inject = clint_send_ipi,
> +	.ipi_clear = clint_clear_ipi,
> +};
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
> +#define clint_get_cycles()	readq_relaxed(clint_timer_val)
> +#else
> +#define clint_get_cycles()	readl_relaxed(clint_timer_val)
> +#define clint_get_cycles_hi()	readl_relaxed(((u32 *)clint_timer_val) + 1)
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
> +static u64 notrace clint_get_cycles64(void)
> +{
> +	return clint_get_cycles();
> +}
> +#else /* CONFIG_64BIT */
> +static u64 notrace clint_get_cycles64(void)
> +{
> +	u32 hi, lo;
> +
> +	do {
> +		hi = clint_get_cycles_hi();
> +		lo = clint_get_cycles();
> +	} while (hi != clint_get_cycles_hi());
> +
> +	return ((u64)hi << 32) | lo;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
> +
> +static u64 clint_rdtime(struct clocksource *cs)
> +{
> +	return clint_get_cycles64();
> +}
> +
> +static struct clocksource clint_clocksource = {
> +	.name		= "clint_clocksource",
> +	.rating		= 300,
> +	.mask		= CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(64),
> +	.flags		= CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
> +	.read		= clint_rdtime,
> +};
> +
> +static int clint_clock_next_event(unsigned long delta,
> +				   struct clock_event_device *ce)
> +{
> +	void __iomem *r = clint_timer_cmp +
> +			  cpuid_to_hartid_map(smp_processor_id());
> +
> +	csr_set(CSR_IE, IE_TIE);
> +	writeq_relaxed(clint_get_cycles64() + delta, r);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct clock_event_device, clint_clock_event) = {
> +	.name		= "clint_clockevent",
> +	.features	= CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT,
> +	.rating		= 100,
> +	.set_next_event	= clint_clock_next_event,
> +};
> +
> +static int clint_timer_starting_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
> +{
> +	struct clock_event_device *ce = per_cpu_ptr(&clint_clock_event, cpu);
> +
> +	ce->cpumask = cpumask_of(cpu);
> +	clockevents_config_and_register(ce, clint_timer_freq, 100, 0x7fffffff);
> +
> +	enable_percpu_irq(clint_timer_irq,
> +			  irq_get_trigger_type(clint_timer_irq));
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int clint_timer_dying_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
> +{
> +	disable_percpu_irq(clint_timer_irq);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t clint_timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
> +{
> +	struct clock_event_device *evdev = this_cpu_ptr(&clint_clock_event);
> +
> +	csr_clear(CSR_IE, IE_TIE);
> +	evdev->event_handler(evdev);
> +
> +	return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init clint_timer_init_dt(struct device_node *np)
> +{
> +	int rc;
> +	u32 i, nr_irqs;
> +	void __iomem *base;
> +	struct of_phandle_args oirq;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Ensure that CLINT device interrupts are either RV_IRQ_TIMER or
> +	 * RV_IRQ_SOFT. If it's anything else then we ignore the device.
> +	 */
> +	nr_irqs = of_irq_count(np);
> +	for (i = 0; i < nr_irqs; i++) {
> +		if (of_irq_parse_one(np, i, &oirq)) {
> +			pr_err("%pOFP: failed to parse irq %d.\n", np, i);
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +
> +		if ((oirq.args_count != 1) ||
> +		    (oirq.args[0] != RV_IRQ_TIMER &&
> +		     oirq.args[0] != RV_IRQ_SOFT)) {
> +			pr_err("%pOFP: invalid irq %d (hwirq %d)\n",
> +			       np, i, oirq.args[0]);
> +			return -ENODEV;
> +		}
> +
> +		/* Find parent irq domain and map timer irq */
> +		if (!clint_timer_irq &&
> +		    oirq.args[0] == RV_IRQ_TIMER &&
> +		    irq_find_host(oirq.np))
> +			clint_timer_irq = irq_of_parse_and_map(np, i);
> +	}
> +
> +	/* If CLINT timer irq not found then fail */
> +	if (!clint_timer_irq) {
> +		pr_err("%pOFP: timer irq not found\n", np);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +
> +	base = of_iomap(np, 0);
> +	if (!base) {
> +		pr_err("%pOFP: could not map registers\n", np);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +
> +	clint_ipi_base = base + CLINT_IPI_OFF;
> +	clint_timer_cmp = base + CLINT_TIMER_CMP_OFF;
> +	clint_timer_val = base + CLINT_TIMER_VAL_OFF;
> +	clint_timer_freq = riscv_timebase;
> +
> +	pr_info("%pOFP: timer running at %ld Hz\n", np, clint_timer_freq);
> +
> +	rc = clocksource_register_hz(&clint_clocksource, clint_timer_freq);
> +	if (rc) {
> +		pr_err("%pOFP: clocksource register failed [%d]\n", np, rc);
> +		goto fail_iounmap;
> +	}
> +
> +	sched_clock_register(clint_get_cycles64, 64, clint_timer_freq);
> +
> +	rc = request_percpu_irq(clint_timer_irq, clint_timer_interrupt,
> +				 "clint-timer", &clint_clock_event);
> +	if (rc) {
> +		pr_err("registering percpu irq failed [%d]\n", rc);
> +		goto fail_iounmap;
> +	}
> +
> +	rc = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_AP_CLINT_TIMER_STARTING,
> +				"clockevents/clint/timer:starting",
> +				clint_timer_starting_cpu,
> +				clint_timer_dying_cpu);
> +	if (rc) {
> +		pr_err("%pOFP: cpuhp setup state failed [%d]\n", np, rc);
> +		goto fail_free_irq;
> +	}
> +
> +	riscv_set_ipi_ops(&clint_ipi_ops);
> +	clint_clear_ipi();
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +fail_free_irq:
> +	free_irq(clint_timer_irq, &clint_clock_event);
> +fail_iounmap:
> +	iounmap(base);
> +	return rc;
> +}
> +
> +TIMER_OF_DECLARE(clint_timer, "riscv,clint0", clint_timer_init_dt);
> +TIMER_OF_DECLARE(clint_timer1, "sifive,clint0", clint_timer_init_dt);
> diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> index 191772d4a4d7..1451f4625833 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> @@ -132,6 +132,7 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
>  	CPUHP_AP_MIPS_GIC_TIMER_STARTING,
>  	CPUHP_AP_ARC_TIMER_STARTING,
>  	CPUHP_AP_RISCV_TIMER_STARTING,
> +	CPUHP_AP_CLINT_TIMER_STARTING,
>  	CPUHP_AP_CSKY_TIMER_STARTING,
>  	CPUHP_AP_HYPERV_TIMER_STARTING,
>  	CPUHP_AP_KVM_STARTING,

Reviewed-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt@...gle.com>

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