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Date:   Thu, 6 Aug 2020 10:40:00 +0200
From:   Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@...gutronix.de>
To:     Michael Walle <michael@...le.cc>
Cc:     linux-gpio@...r.kernel.org, devicetree@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-hwmon@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-pwm@...r.kernel.org, linux-watchdog@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
        Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>,
        Bartosz Golaszewski <bgolaszewski@...libre.com>,
        Rob Herring <robh+dt@...nel.org>,
        Jean Delvare <jdelvare@...e.com>,
        Guenter Roeck <linux@...ck-us.net>,
        Lee Jones <lee.jones@...aro.org>,
        Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@...il.com>,
        Wim Van Sebroeck <wim@...ux-watchdog.org>,
        Shawn Guo <shawnguo@...nel.org>, Li Yang <leoyang.li@....com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Jason Cooper <jason@...edaemon.net>,
        Marc Zyngier <maz@...nel.org>, Mark Brown <broonie@...nel.org>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@...ux.intel.com>,
        Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>, Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 06/13] pwm: add support for sl28cpld PWM controller

Hello Michael,

I'm nearly happy now; see below.

On Mon, Aug 03, 2020 at 11:35:52AM +0200, Michael Walle wrote:
> diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> index 7dbcf6973d33..a0d50d70c3b9 100644
> --- a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> @@ -428,6 +428,16 @@ config PWM_SIFIVE
>  	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
>  	  will be called pwm-sifive.
>  
> +config PWM_SL28CPLD
> +	tristate "Kontron sl28cpld PWM support"
> +	select MFD_SIMPLE_MFD_I2C

Is it sensible to present this option to everyone? Maybe

	depends on SOME_SYMBOL_ONLY_TRUE_ON_SL28CPLD || COMPILE_TEST

.

> +	help
> +	  Generic PWM framework driver for board management controller
> +	  found on the Kontron sl28 CPLD.
> +
> +	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> +	  will be called pwm-sl28cpld.
> +
>  config PWM_SPEAR
>  	tristate "STMicroelectronics SPEAr PWM support"
>  	depends on PLAT_SPEAR || COMPILE_TEST
> diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Makefile b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> index 2c2ba0a03557..cbdcd55d69ee 100644
> --- a/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_RENESAS_TPU)	+= pwm-renesas-tpu.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_ROCKCHIP)	+= pwm-rockchip.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SAMSUNG)	+= pwm-samsung.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SIFIVE)	+= pwm-sifive.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SL28CPLD)	+= pwm-sl28cpld.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SPEAR)		+= pwm-spear.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_SPRD)		+= pwm-sprd.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_STI)		+= pwm-sti.o
> diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-sl28cpld.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-sl28cpld.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..bb298af36f0b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-sl28cpld.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,235 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * sl28cpld PWM driver
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2020 Michael Walle <michael@...le.cc>
> + *
> + * There is no public datasheet available for this PWM core. But it is easy
> + * enough to be briefly explained. It consists of one 8-bit counter. The PWM
> + * supports four distinct frequencies by selecting when to reset the counter.
> + * With the prescaler setting you can select which bit of the counter is used
> + * to reset it. This implies that the higher the frequency the less remaining
> + * bits are available for the actual counter.
> + *
> + * Let cnt[7:0] be the counter, clocked at 32kHz:
> + * +-----------+--------+--------------+-----------+---------------+
> + * | prescaler |  reset | counter bits | frequency | period length |
> + * +-----------+--------+--------------+-----------+---------------+
> + * |         0 | cnt[7] |     cnt[6:0] |    250 Hz |    4000000 ns |
> + * |         1 | cnt[6] |     cnt[5:0] |    500 Hz |    2000000 ns |
> + * |         2 | cnt[5] |     cnt[4:0] |     1 kHz |    1000000 ns |
> + * |         3 | cnt[4] |     cnt[3:0] |     2 kHz |     500000 ns |
> + * +-----------+--------+--------------+-----------+---------------+
> + *
> + * Limitations:
> + * - The hardware cannot generate a 100% duty cycle if the prescaler is 0.
> + * - The hardware cannot atomically set the prescaler and the counter value,
> + *   which might lead to glitches and inconsistent states if a write fails.
> + * - The counter is not reset if you switch the prescaler which leads
> + *   to glitches, too.
> + * - The duty cycle will switch immediately and not after a complete cycle.
> + * - Depending on the actual implementation, disabling the PWM might have
> + *   side effects. For example, if the output pin is shared with a GPIO pin
> + *   it will automatically switch back to GPIO mode.

Very nice.

> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/bitfield.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/pwm.h>
> +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * PWM timer block registers.
> + */
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_CTRL			0x00
> +#define   SL28CPLD_PWM_CTRL_ENABLE		BIT(7)
> +#define   SL28CPLD_PWM_CTRL_PRESCALER_MASK	GENMASK(1, 0)
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_CYCLE			0x01
> +#define   SL28CPLD_PWM_CYCLE_MAX		GENMASK(6, 0)
> +
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK			32000 /* 32 kHz */
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_MAX_DUTY_CYCLE(prescaler)	(1 << (7 - (prescaler)))
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_PERIOD(prescaler) \
> +	(NSEC_PER_SEC / SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK * SL28CPLD_PWM_MAX_DUTY_CYCLE(prescaler))
> +
> +/*
> + * We calculate the duty cycle like this:
> + *   duty_cycle_ns = pwm_cycle_reg * max_period_ns / max_duty_cycle
> + *
> + * With
> + *   max_period_ns = 1 << (7 - prescaler) / pwm_clk * NSEC_PER_SEC
> + *   max_duty_cycle = 1 << (7 - prescaler)
> + * this then simplifies to:
> + *   duty_cycle_ns = pwm_cycle_reg / pwm_clk * NSEC_PER_SEC
> + *
> + * NSEC_PER_SEC and SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK is integer here, so we're not losing
> + * precision by doing the divison first.

Apart from the grammatical issue (s/is/are/) this is not the relevant
fact. The relevant thing is that NSEC_PER_SEC / SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK is
integer.

(In case this is not clear, assume SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK to be 30000 and reg
0x12345.

Then we have: 

	NSEC_PER_SEC / SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK * (reg) -> 0x94255749
	NSEC_PER_SEC * (reg) / SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK -> 0x9425b860

.)

> + */
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_TO_DUTY_CYCLE(reg) \
> +	(NSEC_PER_SEC / SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK * (reg))
> +#define SL28CPLD_PWM_FROM_DUTY_CYCLE(duty_cycle) \
> +	(DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL((duty_cycle), NSEC_PER_SEC / SL28CPLD_PWM_CLK))
> +
> +#define sl28cpld_pwm_read(priv, reg, val) \
> +	regmap_read((priv)->regmap, (priv)->offset + (reg), (val))
> +#define sl28cpld_pwm_write(priv, reg, val) \
> +	regmap_write((priv)->regmap, (priv)->offset + (reg), (val))
> +
> +struct sl28cpld_pwm {
> +	struct pwm_chip pwm_chip;
> +	struct regmap *regmap;
> +	u32 offset;
> +};
> +
> +static void sl28cpld_pwm_get_state(struct pwm_chip *chip,
> +				   struct pwm_device *pwm,
> +				   struct pwm_state *state)
> +{
> +	struct sl28cpld_pwm *priv = dev_get_drvdata(chip->dev);
> +	unsigned int reg;
> +	int prescaler;
> +
> +	sl28cpld_pwm_read(priv, SL28CPLD_PWM_CTRL, &reg);
> +
> +	state->enabled = reg & SL28CPLD_PWM_CTRL_ENABLE;
> +
> +	prescaler = FIELD_GET(SL28CPLD_PWM_CTRL_PRESCALER_MASK, reg);
> +	state->period = SL28CPLD_PWM_PERIOD(prescaler);
> +
> +	sl28cpld_pwm_read(priv, SL28CPLD_PWM_CYCLE, &reg);
> +	state->duty_cycle = SL28CPLD_PWM_TO_DUTY_CYCLE(reg);

Should reg be masked to SL28CPLD_PWM_CYCLE_MAX, or is it guaranteed that
the upper bits are zero?

> +	state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL;
> +}

Best regards
Uwe

-- 
Pengutronix e.K.                           | Uwe Kleine-König            |
Industrial Linux Solutions                 | https://www.pengutronix.de/ |

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