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Date:   Thu, 06 Aug 2020 12:03:33 +1000
From:   Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>
To:     Segher Boessenkool <segher@...nel.crashing.org>
Cc:     Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@...roup.eu>,
        Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@....fr>,
        Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>, nathanl@...ux.ibm.com,
        linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, arnd@...db.de,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Tulio Magno Quites Machado Filho <tuliom@...ux.ibm.com>,
        luto@...nel.org, tglx@...utronix.de, vincenzo.frascino@....com,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v8 5/8] powerpc/vdso: Prepare for switching VDSO to generic C implementation.

Segher Boessenkool <segher@...nel.crashing.org> writes:
> On Wed, Aug 05, 2020 at 04:24:16PM +1000, Michael Ellerman wrote:
>> Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@...roup.eu> writes:
>> > Indeed, 32-bit doesn't have a redzone, so I believe it needs a stack 
>> > frame whenever it has anything to same.
>> 
>> Yeah OK that would explain it.
>> 
>> > Here is what I have in libc.so:
>> >
>> > 000fbb60 <__clock_gettime>:
>> >     fbb60:	94 21 ff e0 	stwu    r1,-32(r1)
>
> This is the *only* place where you can use a negative offset from r1:
> in the stwu to extend the stack (set up a new stack frame, or make the
> current one bigger).

(You're talking about 32-bit code here right?)

>> > diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h 
>> > b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h
>> > index a0712a6e80d9..0b6fa245d54e 100644
>> > --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h
>> > +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h
>> > @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
>> >     .cfi_startproc
>> >   	PPC_STLU	r1, -STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD(r1)
>> >   	mflr		r0
>> > +	PPC_STLU	r1, -STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD(r1)
>> >     .cfi_register lr, r0
>> 
>> The cfi_register should come directly after the mflr I think.
>
> That is the idiomatic way to write it, and most obviously correct.  But
> as long as the value in LR at function entry is available in multiple
> places (like, in LR and in R0 here), it is fine to use either for
> unwinding.  Sometimes you can use this to optimise the unwind tables a
> bit -- not really worth it in hand-written code, it's more important to
> make it legible ;-)

OK. Because LR still holds the LR value until it's clobbered later, by
which point the cfi_register has taken effect.

But yeah I think for readability it's best to keep the cfi_register next
to the mflr.

>> >> There's also no code to load/restore the TOC pointer on BE, which I
>> >> think we'll need to handle.
>> >
>> > I see no code in the generated vdso64.so doing anything with r2, but if 
>> > you think that's needed, just let's do it:
>> 
>> Hmm, true.
>> 
>> The compiler will use the toc for globals (and possibly also for large
>> constants?)
>
> And anything else it bloody well wants to, yeah :-)

Haha yeah OK.

>> AFAIK there's no way to disable use of the toc, or make it a build error
>> if it's needed.
>
> Yes.
>
>> At the same time it's much safer for us to just save/restore r2, and
>> probably in the noise performance wise.
>
> If you want a function to be able to work with ABI-compliant code safely
> (in all cases), you'll have to make it itself ABI-compliant as well,
> yes :-)

True. Except this is the VDSO which has previously been a bit wild west
as far as ABI goes :)

>> So yeah we should probably do as below.
>
> [ snip ]
>
> Looks good yes.

Thanks for reviewing.

cheers

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