lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Tue, 11 Aug 2020 13:36:55 -0400
From:   Arvind Sankar <nivedita@...m.mit.edu>
To:     Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Cc:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>,
        clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>,
        e5ten.arch@...il.com,
        "maintainer:X86 ARCHITECTURE (32-BIT AND 64-BIT)" <x86@...nel.org>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, stable@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] x86/boot/compressed: Disable relocation relaxation for non-pie link

The x86-64 psABI [0] specifies special relocation types
(R_X86_64_[REX_]GOTPCRELX) for indirection through the Global Offset
Table, semantically equivalent to R_X86_64_GOTPCREL, which the linker
can take advantage of for optimization (relaxation) at link time. This
is supported by LLD and binutils versions 2.26 onwards.

The compressed kernel is position-independent code, however, when using
LLD or binutils versions before 2.27, it must be linked without the -pie
option. In this case, the linker may optimize certain instructions into
a non-position-independent form, by converting foo@...PCREL(%rip) to $foo.

This potential issue has been present with LLD and binutils-2.26 for a
long time, but it has never manifested itself before now:
- LLD and binutils-2.26 only relax
	movq	foo@...PCREL(%rip), %reg
  to
	leaq	foo(%rip), %reg
  which is still position-independent, rather than
	mov	$foo, %reg
  which is permitted by the psABI when -pie is not enabled.
- gcc happens to only generate GOTPCREL relocations on mov instructions.
- clang does generate GOTPCREL relocations on non-mov instructions, but
  when building the compressed kernel, it uses its integrated assembler
  (due to the redefinition of KBUILD_CFLAGS dropping -no-integrated-as),
  which has so far defaulted to not generating the GOTPCRELX
  relocations.

Nick Desaulniers reports [1,2]:
  A recent change [3] to a default value of configuration variable
  (ENABLE_X86_RELAX_RELOCATIONS OFF -> ON) in LLVM now causes Clang's
  integrated assembler to emit R_X86_64_GOTPCRELX/R_X86_64_REX_GOTPCRELX
  relocations. LLD will relax instructions with these relocations based
  on whether the image is being linked as position independent or not.
  When not, then LLD will relax these instructions to use absolute
  addressing mode (R_RELAX_GOT_PC_NOPIC). This causes kernels built with
  Clang and linked with LLD to fail to boot.

Patch series [4] is a solution to allow the compressed kernel to be
linked with -pie unconditionally, but even if merged is unlikely to be
backported. As a simple solution that can be applied to stable as well,
prevent the assembler from generating the relaxed relocation types using
the -mrelax-relocations=no option.

[0] https://gitlab.com/x86-psABIs/x86-64-ABI/-/blob/master/x86-64-ABI/linker-optimization.tex#L65
[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200807194100.3570838-1-ndesaulniers@google.com/
[2] https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/1121
[3] https://reviews.llvm.org/rGc41a18cf61790fc898dcda1055c3efbf442c14c0
[4] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200731202738.2577854-1-nivedita@alum.mit.edu/

Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@...m.mit.edu>
Reported-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Tested-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Cc: stable@...r.kernel.org # 4.19.x
---
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index 3962f592633d..c5449bea58ec 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -62,6 +62,12 @@ KBUILD_LDFLAGS += $(shell $(LD) --help 2>&1 | grep -q "\-z noreloc-overflow" \
 endif
 LDFLAGS_vmlinux := -T
 
+# Disable relocation relaxation if not linking as PIE
+ifeq ($(filter -pie,$(KBUILD_LDFLAGS)),)
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call as-option, -Wa$(comma)-mrelax-relocations=no)
+KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(call as-option, -Wa$(comma)-mrelax-relocations=no)
+endif
+
 hostprogs	:= mkpiggy
 HOST_EXTRACFLAGS += -I$(srctree)/tools/include
 
-- 
2.26.2

Powered by blists - more mailing lists