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Date:   Fri, 14 Aug 2020 12:43:57 -0400
From:   Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>,
        "Paul E . McKenney" <paulmck@...nel.org>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Alan Stern <stern@...land.harvard.edu>,
        Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@...il.com>,
        Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>
Subject: [RFC PATCH 2/3] sched: membarrier: cover kthread_use_mm (v2)

Add comments and memory barrier to kthread_use_mm and kthread_unuse_mm
to allow the effect of membarrier(2) to apply to kthreads accessing
user-space memory as well.

Given that no prior kthread use this guarantee and that it only affects
kthreads, adding this guarantee does not affect user-space ABI.

Refine the check in membarrier_global_expedited to exclude runqueues
running the idle thread rather than all kthreads from the IPI cpumask.

Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...nel.org>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@...il.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
---
Changes since v1:
- Add WARN_ON_ONCE(current->mm) in play_idle_precise (PeterZ),
- Use smp_mb__after_spinlock rather than smp_mb after task_lock.
---
 kernel/kthread.c          | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/sched/idle.c       |  1 +
 kernel/sched/membarrier.c |  8 ++------
 3 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kthread.c b/kernel/kthread.c
index 3edaa380dc7b..77aaaa7bc8d9 100644
--- a/kernel/kthread.c
+++ b/kernel/kthread.c
@@ -1255,8 +1255,19 @@ void kthread_use_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
 	finish_arch_post_lock_switch();
 #endif
 
+	/*
+	 * When a kthread starts operating on an address space, the loop
+	 * in membarrier_{private,global}_expedited() may not observe
+	 * that tsk->mm, and not issue an IPI. Membarrier requires a
+	 * memory barrier after storing to tsk->mm, before accessing
+	 * user-space memory. A full memory barrier for membarrier
+	 * {PRIVATE,GLOBAL}_EXPEDITED is implicitly provided by
+	 * mmdrop(), or explicitly with smp_mb().
+	 */
 	if (active_mm != mm)
 		mmdrop(active_mm);
+	else
+		smp_mb();
 
 	to_kthread(tsk)->oldfs = force_uaccess_begin();
 }
@@ -1276,6 +1287,14 @@ void kthread_unuse_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
 	force_uaccess_end(to_kthread(tsk)->oldfs);
 
 	task_lock(tsk);
+	/*
+	 * When a kthread stops operating on an address space, the loop
+	 * in membarrier_{private,global}_expedited() may not observe
+	 * that tsk->mm, and not issue an IPI. Membarrier requires a
+	 * memory barrier after accessing user-space memory, before
+	 * clearing tsk->mm.
+	 */
+	smp_mb__after_spinlock();
 	sync_mm_rss(mm);
 	local_irq_disable();
 	tsk->mm = NULL;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/idle.c b/kernel/sched/idle.c
index 6bf34986f45c..3443ee8335d0 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/idle.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/idle.c
@@ -341,6 +341,7 @@ void play_idle_precise(u64 duration_ns, u64 latency_ns)
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!(current->flags & PF_KTHREAD));
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!(current->flags & PF_NO_SETAFFINITY));
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(!duration_ns);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(current->mm);
 
 	rcu_sleep_check();
 	preempt_disable();
diff --git a/kernel/sched/membarrier.c b/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
index 168479a7d61b..8a294483074d 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/membarrier.c
@@ -100,13 +100,9 @@ static int membarrier_global_expedited(void)
 		    MEMBARRIER_STATE_GLOBAL_EXPEDITED))
 			continue;
 
-		/*
-		 * Skip the CPU if it runs a kernel thread. The scheduler
-		 * leaves the prior task mm in place as an optimization when
-		 * scheduling a kthread.
-		 */
+		/* Skip the CPU if it runs the idle thread. */
 		p = rcu_dereference(cpu_rq(cpu)->curr);
-		if (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
+		if (is_idle_task(p))
 			continue;
 
 		__cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, tmpmask);
-- 
2.11.0

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