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Date:   Thu, 20 Aug 2020 13:08:22 -0700
From:   Jim Mattson <jmattson@...gle.com>
To:     Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>
Cc:     Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@...el.com>,
        Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@...cent.com>,
        kvm list <kvm@...r.kernel.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] KVM: VMX: fix crash cleanup when KVM wasn't used

On Wed, Apr 1, 2020 at 1:13 AM Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com> wrote:
>
> If KVM wasn't used at all before we crash the cleanup procedure fails with
>  BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: ffffffffffffffc8
>  #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
>  #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
>  PGD 23215067 P4D 23215067 PUD 23217067 PMD 0
>  Oops: 0000 [#8] SMP PTI
>  CPU: 0 PID: 3542 Comm: bash Kdump: loaded Tainted: G      D           5.6.0-rc2+ #823
>  RIP: 0010:crash_vmclear_local_loaded_vmcss.cold+0x19/0x51 [kvm_intel]
>
> The root cause is that loaded_vmcss_on_cpu list is not yet initialized,
> we initialize it in hardware_enable() but this only happens when we start
> a VM.
>
> Previously, we used to have a bitmap with enabled CPUs and that was
> preventing [masking] the issue.
>
> Initialized loaded_vmcss_on_cpu list earlier, right before we assign
> crash_vmclear_loaded_vmcss pointer. blocked_vcpu_on_cpu list and
> blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock are moved altogether for consistency.
>
> Fixes: 31603d4fc2bb ("KVM: VMX: Always VMCLEAR in-use VMCSes during crash with kexec support")
> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 12 +++++++-----
>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> index 3aba51d782e2..39a5dde12b79 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> @@ -2257,10 +2257,6 @@ static int hardware_enable(void)
>             !hv_get_vp_assist_page(cpu))
>                 return -EFAULT;
>
> -       INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(loaded_vmcss_on_cpu, cpu));
> -       INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blocked_vcpu_on_cpu, cpu));
> -       spin_lock_init(&per_cpu(blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock, cpu));
> -
>         r = kvm_cpu_vmxon(phys_addr);
>         if (r)
>                 return r;
> @@ -8006,7 +8002,7 @@ module_exit(vmx_exit);
>
>  static int __init vmx_init(void)
>  {
> -       int r;
> +       int r, cpu;
>
>  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HYPERV)
>         /*
> @@ -8060,6 +8056,12 @@ static int __init vmx_init(void)
>                 return r;
>         }
>
> +       for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> +               INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(loaded_vmcss_on_cpu, cpu));
> +               INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blocked_vcpu_on_cpu, cpu));
> +               spin_lock_init(&per_cpu(blocked_vcpu_on_cpu_lock, cpu));
> +       }

Just above this chunk, we have:

r = vmx_setup_l1d_flush(vmentry_l1d_flush_param);
if (r) {
        vmx_exit();
...

If we take that early exit, because vmx_setup_l1d_flush() fails, we
won't initialize loaded_vmcss_on_cpu. However, vmx_exit() calls
kvm_exit(), which calls on_each_cpu(hardware_disable_nolock, NULL, 1).
Hardware_disable_nolock() then calls kvm_arch_hardware_disable(),
which calls kvm_x86_ops.hardware_disable() [the vmx.c
hardware_disable()], which calls vmclear_local_loaded_vmcss().

I believe that vmclear_local_loaded_vmcss() will then try to
dereference a NULL pointer, since per_cpu(loaded_vmcss_on_cpu, cpu) is
uninitialzed.

>  #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
>         rcu_assign_pointer(crash_vmclear_loaded_vmcss,
>                            crash_vmclear_local_loaded_vmcss);
> --
> 2.25.1
>

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