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Date:   Sat, 22 Aug 2020 23:56:18 +0900
From:   Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
To:     linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@...gle.com>,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Tom Roeder <tmroeder@...gle.com>,
        clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com,
        Lukas Bulwahn <lukas.bulwahn@...il.com>,
        Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>,
        Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v3 10/10] Makefile: Add clang-tidy and static analyzer support to makefile

From: Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@...gle.com>

This patch adds clang-tidy and the clang static-analyzer as make
targets. The goal of this patch is to make static analysis tools
usable and extendable by any developer or researcher who is familiar
with basic c++.

The current static analysis tools require intimate knowledge of the
internal workings of the static analysis. Clang-tidy and the clang
static analyzers expose an easy to use api and allow users unfamiliar
with clang to write new checks with relative ease.

===Clang-tidy===

Clang-tidy is an easily extendable 'linter' that runs on the AST.
Clang-tidy checks are easy to write and understand. A check consists of
two parts, a matcher and a checker. The matcher is created using a
domain specific language that acts on the AST
(https://clang.llvm.org/docs/LibASTMatchersReference.html).  When AST
nodes are found by the matcher a callback is made to the checker. The
checker can then execute additional checks and issue warnings.

Here is an example clang-tidy check to report functions that have calls
to local_irq_disable without calls to local_irq_enable and vice-versa.
Functions flagged with __attribute((annotation("ignore_irq_balancing")))
are ignored for analysis. (https://reviews.llvm.org/D65828)

===Clang static analyzer===

The clang static analyzer is a more powerful static analysis tool that
uses symbolic execution to find bugs. Currently there is a check that
looks for potential security bugs from invalid uses of kmalloc and
kfree. There are several more general purpose checks that are useful for
the kernel.

The clang static analyzer is well documented and designed to be
extensible.
(https://clang-analyzer.llvm.org/checker_dev_manual.html)
(https://github.com/haoNoQ/clang-analyzer-guide/releases/download/v0.1/clang-analyzer-guide-v0.1.pdf)

The main draw of the clang tools is how accessible they are. The clang
documentation is very nice and these tools are built specifically to be
easily extendable by any developer. They provide an accessible method of
bug-finding and research to people who are not overly familiar with the
kernel codebase.

Signed-off-by: Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@...gle.com>
Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Tested-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Tested-by: Lukas Bulwahn <lukas.bulwahn@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
---

(no changes since v1)

 MAINTAINERS                                   |  1 +
 Makefile                                      | 20 ++++-
 .../{ => clang-tools}/gen_compile_commands.py |  0
 scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py        | 74 +++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 rename scripts/{ => clang-tools}/gen_compile_commands.py (100%)
 create mode 100755 scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index deaafb617361..19b916dbc796 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -4247,6 +4247,7 @@ W:	https://clangbuiltlinux.github.io/
 B:	https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues
 C:	irc://chat.freenode.net/clangbuiltlinux
 F:	Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst
+F:	scripts/clang-tools/
 K:	\b(?i:clang|llvm)\b
 
 CLEANCACHE API
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 65ed336a6de1..9ece191d8d51 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -635,7 +635,7 @@ endif
 # in addition to whatever we do anyway.
 # Just "make" or "make all" shall build modules as well
 
-ifneq ($(filter all modules nsdeps %compile_commands.json,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
+ifneq ($(filter all modules nsdeps %compile_commands.json clang-%,$(MAKECMDGOALS)),)
   KBUILD_MODULES := 1
 endif
 
@@ -1577,6 +1577,8 @@ help:
 	@echo  '  export_report   - List the usages of all exported symbols'
 	@echo  '  headerdep       - Detect inclusion cycles in headers'
 	@echo  '  coccicheck      - Check with Coccinelle'
+	@echo  '  clang-analyzer  - Check with clang static analyzer'
+	@echo  '  clang-tidy      - Check with clang-tidy'
 	@echo  ''
 	@echo  'Tools:'
 	@echo  '  nsdeps          - Generate missing symbol namespace dependencies'
@@ -1842,13 +1844,27 @@ nsdeps: modules
 quiet_cmd_gen_compile_commands = GEN     $@
       cmd_gen_compile_commands = $(PYTHON3) $< -a $(AR) -o $@ $(filter-out $<, $(real-prereqs))
 
-$(extmod-prefix)compile_commands.json: scripts/gen_compile_commands.py \
+$(extmod-prefix)compile_commands.json: scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py \
 	$(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),,$(KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS) $(KBUILD_VMLINUX_LIBS)) \
 	$(if $(CONFIG_MODULES), $(MODORDER)) FORCE
 	$(call if_changed,gen_compile_commands)
 
 targets += $(extmod-prefix)compile_commands.json
 
+PHONY += clang-tidy clang-analyzer
+
+ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
+quiet_cmd_clang_tools = CHECK   $<
+      cmd_clang_tools = $(PYTHON3) $(srctree)/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py $@ $<
+
+clang-tidy clang-analyzer: $(extmod-prefix)compile_commands.json
+	$(call cmd,clang_tools)
+else
+clang-tidy clang-analyzer:
+	@echo "$@ requires CC=clang" >&2
+	@false
+endif
+
 # Scripts to check various things for consistency
 # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
diff --git a/scripts/gen_compile_commands.py b/scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
similarity index 100%
rename from scripts/gen_compile_commands.py
rename to scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
diff --git a/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py b/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..fa7655c7cec0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py
@@ -0,0 +1,74 @@
+#!/usr/bin/env python
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# Copyright (C) Google LLC, 2020
+#
+# Author: Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@...gle.com>
+#
+"""A helper routine run clang-tidy and the clang static-analyzer on
+compile_commands.json.
+"""
+
+import argparse
+import json
+import multiprocessing
+import os
+import subprocess
+import sys
+
+
+def parse_arguments():
+    """Set up and parses command-line arguments.
+    Returns:
+        args: Dict of parsed args
+        Has keys: [path, type]
+    """
+    usage = """Run clang-tidy or the clang static-analyzer on a
+        compilation database."""
+    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description=usage)
+
+    type_help = "Type of analysis to be performed"
+    parser.add_argument("type",
+                        choices=["clang-tidy", "clang-analyzer"],
+                        help=type_help)
+    path_help = "Path to the compilation database to parse"
+    parser.add_argument("path", type=str, help=path_help)
+
+    return parser.parse_args()
+
+
+def init(l, a):
+    global lock
+    global args
+    lock = l
+    args = a
+
+
+def run_analysis(entry):
+    # Disable all checks, then re-enable the ones we want
+    checks = "-checks=-*,"
+    if args.type == "clang-tidy":
+        checks += "linuxkernel-*"
+    else:
+        checks += "clang-analyzer-*"
+    p = subprocess.run(["clang-tidy", "-p", args.path, checks, entry["file"]],
+                       stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
+                       stderr=subprocess.STDOUT,
+                       cwd=entry["directory"])
+    with lock:
+        sys.stderr.buffer.write(p.stdout)
+
+
+def main():
+    args = parse_arguments()
+
+    lock = multiprocessing.Lock()
+    pool = multiprocessing.Pool(initializer=init, initargs=(lock, args))
+    # Read JSON data into the datastore variable
+    with open(args.path, "r") as f:
+        datastore = json.load(f)
+        pool.map(run_analysis, datastore)
+
+
+if __name__ == "__main__":
+    main()
-- 
2.25.1

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