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Date:   Sun, 30 Aug 2020 09:45:39 +0300
From:   Leon Romanovsky <leon@...nel.org>
To:     Colin Ian King <colin.king@...onical.com>
Cc:     Leon Romanovsky <leon@...nel.org>,
        Peter Oberparleiter <oberpar@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Leon Romanovsky <leonro@...dia.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Linux-MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH -rc] gcov: Protect from uninitialized number of
 functions provided by GCC

On Sat, Aug 29, 2020 at 5:12 PM Colin Ian King <colin.king@...onical.com> wrote:
>
> On 27/08/2020 14:39, Leon Romanovsky wrote:
> > From: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@...dia.com>
> >
> > The kernel compiled with GCC 10.2.1 and KASAN together with GCOV enabled
> > produces the following splats while reloading modules.
> >
> > First splat [1] is generated due to the situation that gcov_info can be both
> > user and kernel pointer, the memcpy() during kmemdup() causes to this.
> > As a possible solution copy fields manually.
> >
> > Second splat [2] is seen because n_function provided by GCC through
> > __gcov_init() is ridiculously high, in my case it was 2698213824.
> > IMHO it means that this field is not initialized, but I'm not sure.
> >
> > [1]
> >  ==================================================================
> >  BUG: KASAN: global-out-of-bounds in kmemdup+0x43/0x70
> >  Read of size 120 at addr ffffffffa0d2c780 by task modprobe/296
> >
> >  CPU: 0 PID: 296 Comm: modprobe Not tainted 5.9.0-rc1+ #1860
> >  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS rel-1.13.0-0-gf21b5a4aeb02-prebuilt.qemu.org 04 /01/2014
> >  Call Trace:
> >   ? dump_stack+0x128/0x1af
> >   ? print_address_description.constprop.0+0x2c/0x3f0
> >   ? _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x34/0xa0
> >   ? __kasan_check_read+0x1d/0x30
> >   ? kmemdup+0x43/0x70
> >   ? kmemdup+0x43/0x70
> >   ? gcov_info_dup+0x2d/0x730
> >   ? __kasan_check_write+0x20/0x30
> >   ? __mutex_unlock_slowpath+0x10d/0x740
> >   ? gcov_event+0x88d/0xd30
> >   ? gcov_module_notifier+0xe9/0x100
> >   ? notifier_call_chain+0xeb/0x170
> >   ? blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x75/0xc0
> >   ? __x64_sys_delete_module+0x326/0x5a0
> >   ? do_init_module+0x810/0x810
> >   ? syscall_enter_from_user_mode+0x40/0x420
> >   ? trace_hardirqs_on+0x45/0xb0
> >   ? syscall_enter_from_user_mode+0x40/0x420
> >   ? do_syscall_64+0x45/0x70
> >   ? entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> >
> >  The buggy address belongs to the variable:
> >   __gcov_.uverbs_attr_get_obj+0x60/0xfffffffffff778e0 [mlx5_ib]
> >
> >  Memory state around the buggy address:
> >   ffffffffa0d2c680: 00 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 00 00 00 00 00 f9 f9 f9
> >   ffffffffa0d2c700: f9 f9 f9 f9 00 00 00 00 00 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9
> >  >ffffffffa0d2c780: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 f9 f9
> >                                                               ^
> >   ffffffffa0d2c800: f9 f9 f9 f9 00 00 00 00 00 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9 f9
> >   ffffffffa0d2c880: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
> >  ==================================================================
> >  Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
> >  gcov: could not save data for '/home/leonro/src/kernel/drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx5/std_types.gcda' (out o
> > f memory)
> >
> > [2]
> > Colin has similar error [3].
> >
> >  ------------[ cut here ]------------
> >  WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 296 at mm/page_alloc.c:4859 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x670/0x3190
> >  Modules linked in: mlx5_ib(-) mlx5_core mlxfw ptp ib_ipoib pps_core rdma_ucm rdma_cm iw_cm ib_cm ib_umad  ib_uverbs ib_core
> >  CPU: 0 PID: 296 Comm: modprobe Tainted: G    B             5.9.0-rc1+ #1860
> >  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS rel-1.13.0-0-gf21b5a4aeb02-prebuilt.qemu.org 04 /01/2014
> >  RIP: 0010:__alloc_pages_nodemask+0x670/0x3190
> >  Code: e9 af fc ff ff 48 83 05 fd 28 90 05 01 81 e7 00 20 00 00 48 c7 44 24 28 00 00 00 00 0f 85 fb fd ff  ff 48 83 05 f0 28 90 05 01 <0f> 0b 48 83 05 ee 28 90 05 01 48 83 05 ee 28 90 05 01 e9 dc fd ff
> >  RSP: 0018:ffff88805f7ffa28 EFLAGS: 00010202
> >  RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 1ffff1100befff5e
> >  RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000017 RDI: 0000000000000000
> >  RBP: 000000050695a900 R08: ffff888060fc7900 R09: ffff888060fc793b
> >  R10: ffffed100c1f8f27 R11: ffffed100c1f8f28 R12: 0000000000040dc0
> >  R13: 000000050695a900 R14: 0000000000000017 R15: 0000000000000001
> >  FS:  00007f521f695740(0000) GS:ffff88806ce00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> >  CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> >  CR2: 00007f31b013f000 CR3: 000000006637e001 CR4: 0000000000370eb0
> >  DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> >  DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> >  Call Trace:
> >   ? __kmalloc_track_caller+0x17a/0x570
> >   ? gcov_info_dup+0xfe/0x730
> >   ? gcov_event+0x88d/0xd30
> >   ? gcov_module_notifier+0xe9/0x100
> >   ? blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x75/0xc0
> >   ? __x64_sys_delete_module+0x326/0x5a0
> >   ? entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> >   ? mark_lock+0xba0/0xba0
> >   ? mark_lock+0xba0/0xba0
> >   ? notifier_call_chain+0xeb/0x170
> >   ? blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x75/0xc0
> >   ? __x64_sys_delete_module+0x326/0x5a0
> >   ? do_syscall_64+0x45/0x70
> >   ? entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> >   ? warn_alloc+0x130/0x130
> >   ? lock_acquire+0x1f2/0xa30
> >   ? fs_reclaim_acquire+0x1f/0x70
> >   ? fs_reclaim_release+0x1f/0x50
> >   ? __kasan_check_read+0x1d/0x30
> >   ? reacquire_held_locks+0x420/0x420
> >   ? reacquire_held_locks+0x420/0x420
> >   kmalloc_order+0x3f/0xc0
> >   kmalloc_order_trace+0x24/0x220
> >   __kmalloc+0x41b/0x5a0
> >   ? gcov_info_dup+0xfe/0x730
> >   ? memcpy+0x73/0xa0
> >   gcov_info_dup+0x176/0x730
> >   gcov_event+0x88d/0xd30
> >   gcov_module_notifier+0xe9/0x100
> >   notifier_call_chain+0xeb/0x170
> >   blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x75/0xc0
> >   __x64_sys_delete_module+0x326/0x5a0
> >   ? do_init_module+0x810/0x810
> >   ? syscall_enter_from_user_mode+0x40/0x420
> >   ? trace_hardirqs_on+0x45/0xb0
> >   ? syscall_enter_from_user_mode+0x40/0x420
> >   do_syscall_64+0x45/0x70
> >   entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> >  RIP: 0033:0x7f521f7c531b
> >  Code: 73 01 c3 48 8b 0d 7d 0b 0c 00 f7 d8 64 89 01 48 83 c8 ff c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 90 f3 0f 1e fa b8 b0 00 00 00 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 01 c3 48 8b 0d 4d 0b 0c 00 f7 d8 64 89 01 48
> >  RSP: 002b:00007ffe1bd4af48 EFLAGS: 00000206 ORIG_RAX: 00000000000000b0
> >  RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 0000561a3eae0910 RCX: 00007f521f7c531b
> >  RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000800 RDI: 0000561a3eae0978
> >  RBP: 0000561a3eae0910 R08: 1999999999999999 R09: 0000000000000000
> >  R10: 00007f521f839ac0 R11: 0000000000000206 R12: 0000000000000000
> >  R13: 0000561a3eae0978 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000561a3eae84d0
> >  irq event stamp: 326464
> >  hardirqs last  enabled at (326463): [<ffffffff832ecdde>] _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x8e/0xb0
> >  hardirqs last disabled at (326464): [<ffffffff832ec994>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x34/0xa0
> >  hardirqs last disabled at (326464): [<ffffffff832ec994>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x34/0xa0
> >  softirqs last  enabled at (320794): [<ffffffff83600931>] __do_softirq+0x931/0xbc4
> >  softirqs last disabled at (320789): [<ffffffff83400f2f>] asm_call_on_stack+0xf/0x20
> >  ---[ end trace 065ea9cc2ba144a6 ]---
> >
> > [3] https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=208885#c1
> > Cc: Colin Ian King <colin.king@...onical.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Leon Romanovsky <leonro@...dia.com>
> > ---
> > I have a strong feeling that this solution is not correct, but don't
> > know how to do it right. The problem exists and reproducable in seconds.
> > ---
> >  kernel/gcov/gcc_4_7.c | 19 +++++++++++--------
> >  1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/gcov/gcc_4_7.c b/kernel/gcov/gcc_4_7.c
> > index 908fdf5098c3..357ef839cdd3 100644
> > --- a/kernel/gcov/gcc_4_7.c
> > +++ b/kernel/gcov/gcc_4_7.c
> > @@ -275,20 +275,23 @@ struct gcov_info *gcov_info_dup(struct gcov_info *info)
> >       size_t fi_size; /* function info size */
> >       size_t cv_size; /* counter values size */
> >
> > -     dup = kmemdup(info, sizeof(*dup), GFP_KERNEL);
> > +     dup = kzalloc(sizeof(*dup), GFP_KERNEL);
> >       if (!dup)
> >               return NULL;
> >
> > -     dup->next = NULL;
> > -     dup->filename = NULL;
> > -     dup->functions = NULL;
> > +     dup->version = info->version;
> > +     dup->stamp = info->stamp;
> > +     for (fi_idx = 0; i < GCOV_COUNTERS; i++)
>
> This loop refers to i as a counter but it's not declared.

Thanks, I wrote it above.
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200827151333.GB2909436@unreal

The thing is that I would expect to hear any feedback if this GCC bug
or not and how to solve it.
We tried to GCC 9 and gcov worked there.

Thanks

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