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Date:   Fri, 16 Oct 2020 11:39:25 +0800
From:   Jisheng Zhang <Jisheng.Zhang@...aptics.com>
To:     Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com>
Cc:     Saravana Kannan <saravanak@...gle.com>,
        "open list:OPEN FIRMWARE AND FLATTENED DEVICE TREE BINDINGS" 
        <devicetree@...r.kernel.org>,
        "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@...nel.org>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Rob Herring <robh+dt@...nel.org>,
        Frank Rowand <frowand.list@...il.com>,
        linux-arm-kernel <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>
Subject: Re: fw_devlink on will break all snps,dw-apb-gpio users

On Thu, 15 Oct 2020 15:08:33 +0100
Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com> wrote:

> 
> 
> On 2020-10-15 10:52, Jisheng Zhang wrote:
> > On Thu, 15 Oct 2020 01:48:13 -0700
> > Saravana Kannan <saravanak@...gle.com> wrote:
> >  
> >> On Thu, Oct 15, 2020 at 1:15 AM Jisheng Zhang
> >> <Jisheng.Zhang@...aptics.com> wrote:  
> >>>
> >>> On Wed, 14 Oct 2020 22:04:24 -0700 Saravana Kannan wrote:
> >>>  
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> On Wed, Oct 14, 2020 at 9:02 PM Jisheng Zhang
> >>>> <Jisheng.Zhang@...aptics.com> wrote:  
> >>>>>
> >>>>> On Wed, 14 Oct 2020 10:29:36 -0700
> >>>>> Saravana Kannan <saravanak@...gle.com> wrote:
> >>>>>  
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> On Wed, Oct 14, 2020 at 4:12 AM Jisheng Zhang
> >>>>>> <Jisheng.Zhang@...aptics.com> wrote:  
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Hi,
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> If set fw_devlink as on, any consumers of dw apb gpio won't probe.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> The related dts looks like:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> gpio0: gpio@...0 {
> >>>>>>>         compatible = "snps,dw-apb-gpio";
> >>>>>>>         #address-cells = <1>;
> >>>>>>>         #size-cells = <0>;
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>         porta: gpio-port@0 {
> >>>>>>>                compatible = "snps,dw-apb-gpio-port";
> >>>>>>>                gpio-controller;
> >>>>>>>                #gpio-cells = <2>;
> >>>>>>>                ngpios = <32>;
> >>>>>>>                reg = <0>;
> >>>>>>>         };
> >>>>>>> };
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> device_foo {
> >>>>>>>          status = "okay"
> >>>>>>>          ...;
> >>>>>>>          reset-gpio = <&porta, 0, GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
> >>>>>>> };
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> If I change the reset-gpio property to use another kind of gpio phandle,
> >>>>>>> e.g gpio expander, then device_foo can be probed successfully.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> The gpio expander dt node looks like:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>          expander3: gpio@44 {
> >>>>>>>                  compatible = "fcs,fxl6408";
> >>>>>>>                  pinctrl-names = "default";
> >>>>>>>                  pinctrl-0 = <&expander3_pmux>;
> >>>>>>>                  reg = <0x44>;
> >>>>>>>                  gpio-controller;
> >>>>>>>                  #gpio-cells = <2>;
> >>>>>>>                  interrupt-parent = <&portb>;
> >>>>>>>                  interrupts = <23 IRQ_TYPE_NONE>;
> >>>>>>>                  interrupt-controller;
> >>>>>>>                  #interrupt-cells = <2>;
> >>>>>>>          };
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> The common pattern looks like the devlink can't cope with suppliers from
> >>>>>>> child dt node.  
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> fw_devlink doesn't have any problem dealing with child devices being
> >>>>>> suppliers. The problem with your case is that the
> >>>>>> drivers/gpio/gpio-dwapb.c driver directly parses the child nodes and
> >>>>>> never creates struct devices for them. If you have a node with
> >>>>>> compatible string, fw_devlink expects you to create and probe a struct
> >>>>>> device for it. So change your driver to add the child devices as
> >>>>>> devices instead of just parsing the node directly and doing stuff with
> >>>>>> it.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Either that, or stop putting "compatible" string in a node if you
> >>>>>> don't plan to actually treat it as a device -- but that's too late for
> >>>>>> this driver (it needs to be backward compatible). So change the driver
> >>>>>> to add of_platform_populate() and write a driver that probes
> >>>>>> "snps,dw-apb-gpio-port".
> >>>>>>  
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Thanks for the information. The "snps,dw-apb-gpio-port" is never used,
> >>>>> so I just sent out a series to remove it.  
> >>>>
> >>>> I'd actually prefer that you fix the kernel code to actually use it.
> >>>> So that fw_devlink can be backward compatible (Older DT + new kernel).
> >>>> The change is pretty trivial (I just have time to do it for you).
> >>>>  
> >>>
> >>> I agree the change is trivial, but it will add some useless LoCs like below.  
> >>
> >> It's not useless if it preserves backward compatibility with DT.
> >>  
> >>> I'm not sure whether this is acceptable.So add GPIO and DT maintainers to comment.
> >>>
> >>> Hi Linus, Rob,
> >>>
> >>> Could you please comment? A simple introduction of the problem:
> >>>
> >>> As pointed out by Saravana, "gpio-dwapb.c driver directly parses the child
> >>> nodes and never creates struct devices for them. If you have a node with
> >>> compatible string, fw_devlink expects you to create and probe a struct
> >>> device for it", so once we set fw_devlink=on, then any users of gpio-dwapb
> >>> as below won't be probed.
> >>>
> >>> device_foo {
> >>>           status = "okay"
> >>>           ...;
> >>>           reset-gpio = <&porta, 0, GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
> >>> };
> >>>
> >>> The compatible string "snps,dw-apb-gpio-port" is never used, but it's in
> >>> the dt-binding since the dw gpio mainlined. I believe the every dw apb
> >>> users just copy the compatible string in to soc dtsi. So I submit a series
> >>> to remove the unused "snps,dw-apb-gpio-port" 
> >>> But this will break Older DT + new kernel with fw_devlink on. Which solution
> >>> is better?
> >>>
> >>> If the following patch is acceptable, I can submit it once 5.10-rc1 is out.
> >>>
> >>> thanks
> >>>
> >>> diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpio-dwapb.c b/drivers/gpio/gpio-dwapb.c
> >>> index 1d8d55bd63aa..b8e012e48b59 100644
> >>> --- a/drivers/gpio/gpio-dwapb.c
> >>> +++ b/drivers/gpio/gpio-dwapb.c
> >>> @@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
> >>>   #include <linux/of_address.h>
> >>>   #include <linux/of_device.h>
> >>>   #include <linux/of_irq.h>
> >>> +#include <linux/of_platform.h>
> >>>   #include <linux/platform_device.h>
> >>>   #include <linux/property.h>
> >>>   #include <linux/reset.h>
> >>> @@ -694,6 +695,10 @@ static int dwapb_gpio_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> >>>          }
> >>>          platform_set_drvdata(pdev, gpio);
> >>>
> >>> +       err = devm_of_platform_populate(dev);
> >>> +       if (err)
> >>> +               goto out_unregister;
> >>> +
> >>>          return 0;
> >>>
> >>>   out_unregister:
> >>> @@ -820,6 +825,25 @@ static struct platform_driver dwapb_gpio_driver = {
> >>>
> >>>   module_platform_driver(dwapb_gpio_driver);
> >>>
> >>> +static const struct of_device_id dwapb_port_of_match[] = {
> >>> +       { .compatible = "snps,dw-apb-gpio-port" },
> >>> +       { /* Sentinel */ }
> >>> +};
> >>> +
> >>> +static int dwapb_gpio_port_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> >>> +{
> >>> +       return 0;  
> >>
> >> No, I'm not asking to do a stub/dummy probe. Move the stuff you do
> >> inside device_for_each_child_node{} and dwapb_gpio_add_port() into
> >> this probe function. Those two pieces of code together are effectively
> >> "probing" a separate gpio controller for each of the child nodes. So
> >> just create a real struct device (like we do for every other
> >> "compatible" DT node) and probe each of them properly using the device
> >> driver core.  
> >
> > Then I believe the modifications are non-trivial. Maybe Linus and Rob
> > can comment which way is better, fix the dts or modify the gpio-dwapb.c.
> > Personally, I prefer fixing dts, because this doesn't remove or modify
> > any used properties or compatible string, it just removes the unused
> > compatible string.  
> 
> You appear to be assuming that:
> 
> A) There a no consumers of DTBs and DT bindings other than Linux.
> B) No Linux user ever updates their kernel image without also updating
> their DTB.
> 
> I can assure you that, in general, neither of those hold true. Hacking

Just my humble opinion, this is fixing rather than hacking DTs.

> DTs to work around internal implementation details in Linux is rarely if
> ever a good or even viable idea.
> 

I got your opinion. So it looks like modify the dwapb gpio driver is
avoidable. I will submit patch to do so once 5.10-rc1 is out.

But the device link also introduces below warning for all dw-apb-gpio users:

[    0.016113] OF: /soc/apb@...80000/gpio@...0/gpio-port@1: could not find phandle
[    0.016197] OF: /soc/apb@...80000/gpio@...0/gpio-port@1: could not find phandle
[    0.016464] OF: /soc/apb@...80000/gpio@...0/gpio-port@0: could not find phandle
[    0.016697] OF: /soc/apb@...c0000/gpio@...0/gpio-port@4: could not find phandle
[    0.017054] OF: /soc/apb@...80000/gpio@...0/gpio-port@1: could not find phandle
[    0.017128] OF: /soc/apb@...80000/gpio@...0/gpio-port@1: could not find phandle

Previously, it seems that the solution would be

    "let's mark the "snps,nr-gpios" property as
    deprecated and add the generic "ngpios" property support with the same
    purpose as the deprecated one. That and the errors log above shall
    motivate the platform developer to *convert* the DW APB GPIO DT-nodes to
    using the standard number of GPIOs property"

as commit 7569486d79ae8ec4 ("gpio: dwapb: Add ngpios DT-property support")
said, the "can't break old DTs" also apply here, it means we need to fix
the warning in device link code rather than fix DTs. Any comments?

Thanks

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