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Date:   Fri, 20 Nov 2020 19:04:24 +0100
From:   Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net>
To:     David Howells <dhowells@...hat.com>,
        David Woodhouse <dwmw2@...radead.org>
Cc:     Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net>,
        "David S . Miller" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>,
        James Morris <jmorris@...ei.org>,
        Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@...nel.org>,
        Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ux.microsoft.com>,
        Mimi Zohar <zohar@...ux.ibm.com>,
        "Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>, keyrings@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-crypto@...r.kernel.org, linux-integrity@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v1 7/9] certs: Allow root user to append signed hashes to the blacklist keyring

From: Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ux.microsoft.com>

Add a kernel option SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE to enable the root user
to dynamically add new keys to the blacklist keyring.  This enables to
invalidate new certificates, either from being loaded in a keyring, or
from being trusted in a PKCS#7 certificate chain.  This also enables to
add new file hashes to be denied by the integrity infrastructure.

Being able to untrust a certificate which could have normaly been
trusted is a sensitive operation.  This is why adding new hashes to the
blacklist keyring is only allowed when these hashes are signed and
vouched by the builtin trusted keyring.  A blacklist hash is stored as a
key description.  The PKCS#7 signature of this description must be
provided as the key payload.

Marking a certificate as untrusted should be enforced while the system
is running.  It is then forbiden to remove such blacklist keys.

Update blacklist keyring and blacklist key access rights:
* allows the root user to search for a specific blacklisted hash, which
  make sense because the descriptions are already viewable;
* forbids key update;
* restricts kernel rights on the blacklist keyring to align with the
  root user rights.

See the help in tools/certs/print-cert-tbs-hash.sh provided by a
following commit.

Cc: David Howells <dhowells@...hat.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@...radead.org>
Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ux.microsoft.com>
---
 certs/Kconfig     | 10 ++++++
 certs/blacklist.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 2 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/certs/Kconfig b/certs/Kconfig
index c94e93d8bccf..35fe9989e7b9 100644
--- a/certs/Kconfig
+++ b/certs/Kconfig
@@ -83,4 +83,14 @@ config SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_HASH_LIST
 	  wrapper to incorporate the list into the kernel.  Each <hash> should
 	  be a string of hex digits.
 
+config SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+	bool "Allow root to add signed blacklist keys"
+	depends on SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_KEYRING
+	depends on SYSTEM_DATA_VERIFICATION
+	help
+	  If set, provide the ability to load new blacklist keys at run time if
+	  they are signed and vouched by a certificate from the builtin trusted
+	  keyring.  The PKCS#7 signature of the description is set in the key
+	  payload.  Blacklist keys cannot be removed.
+
 endmenu
diff --git a/certs/blacklist.c b/certs/blacklist.c
index d1e2f69d91c2..e869a23f38de 100644
--- a/certs/blacklist.c
+++ b/certs/blacklist.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
 #include <linux/ctype.h>
 #include <linux/err.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/verification.h>
 #include <keys/system_keyring.h>
 #include "blacklist.h"
 
@@ -24,6 +25,9 @@
  */
 #define MAX_HASH_LEN	128
 
+#define BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM (KEY_POS_SEARCH | KEY_POS_VIEW | \
+			    KEY_USR_SEARCH | KEY_USR_VIEW)
+
 static const char tbs_prefix[] = "tbs";
 static const char bin_prefix[] = "bin";
 
@@ -73,19 +77,46 @@ static int blacklist_vet_description(const char *desc)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-/*
- * The hash to be blacklisted is expected to be in the description.  There will
- * be no payload.
- */
-static int blacklist_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
+static int blacklist_key_instantiate(struct key *key,
+		struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
 {
-	if (prep->datalen > 0)
-		return -EINVAL;
-	return 0;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+	int err;
+#endif
+
+	/* Sets safe default permissions for keys loaded by user space. */
+	key->perm = BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM;
+
+	/*
+	 * Skips the authentication step for builtin hashes, they are not
+	 * signed but still trusted.
+	 */
+	if (key->flags & (1 << KEY_FLAG_BUILTIN))
+		goto out;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+	/*
+	 * Verifies the description's PKCS#7 signature against the builtin
+	 * trusted keyring.
+	 */
+	err = verify_pkcs7_signature(key->description,
+			strlen(key->description), prep->data, prep->datalen,
+			NULL, VERIFYING_UNSPECIFIED_SIGNATURE, NULL, NULL);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+#else
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+	return -EPERM;
+#endif
+
+out:
+	return generic_key_instantiate(key, prep);
 }
 
-static void blacklist_free_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
+static int blacklist_key_update(struct key *key,
+		struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
 {
+	return -EPERM;
 }
 
 static void blacklist_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
@@ -96,9 +127,8 @@ static void blacklist_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
 static struct key_type key_type_blacklist = {
 	.name			= "blacklist",
 	.vet_description	= blacklist_vet_description,
-	.preparse		= blacklist_preparse,
-	.free_preparse		= blacklist_free_preparse,
-	.instantiate		= generic_key_instantiate,
+	.instantiate		= blacklist_key_instantiate,
+	.update			= blacklist_key_update,
 	.describe		= blacklist_describe,
 };
 
@@ -147,8 +177,7 @@ static int mark_raw_hash_blacklisted(const char *hash)
 				   hash,
 				   NULL,
 				   0,
-				   ((KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
-				    KEY_USR_VIEW),
+				   BLACKLIST_KEY_PERM,
 				   KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA |
 				   KEY_ALLOC_BUILT_IN);
 	if (IS_ERR(key)) {
@@ -207,25 +236,43 @@ int is_binary_blacklisted(const u8 *hash, size_t hash_len)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(is_binary_blacklisted);
 
+static int restrict_link_for_blacklist(struct key *dest_keyring,
+		const struct key_type *type, const union key_payload *payload,
+		struct key *restrict_key)
+{
+	if (type != &key_type_blacklist)
+		return -EPERM;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /*
  * Initialise the blacklist
  */
 static int __init blacklist_init(void)
 {
 	const char *const *bl;
+	struct key_restriction *restriction;
 
 	if (register_key_type(&key_type_blacklist) < 0)
 		panic("Can't allocate system blacklist key type\n");
 
+	restriction = kzalloc(sizeof(*restriction), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!restriction)
+		panic("Can't allocate blacklist keyring restriction\n");
+	restriction->check = restrict_link_for_blacklist;
+
 	blacklist_keyring =
 		keyring_alloc(".blacklist",
 			      KUIDT_INIT(0), KGIDT_INIT(0),
 			      current_cred(),
-			      (KEY_POS_ALL & ~KEY_POS_SETATTR) |
-			      KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ |
-			      KEY_USR_SEARCH,
-			      KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA,
-			      NULL, NULL);
+			      KEY_POS_VIEW | KEY_POS_READ | KEY_POS_SEARCH |
+			      KEY_POS_WRITE |
+			      KEY_USR_VIEW | KEY_USR_READ | KEY_USR_SEARCH
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSTEM_BLACKLIST_AUTH_UPDATE
+			      | KEY_USR_WRITE
+#endif
+			      , KEY_ALLOC_NOT_IN_QUOTA,
+			      restriction, NULL);
 	if (IS_ERR(blacklist_keyring))
 		panic("Can't allocate system blacklist keyring\n");
 	set_bit(KEY_FLAG_KEEP, &blacklist_keyring->flags);
-- 
2.29.2

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