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Date:   Sat, 21 Nov 2020 17:18:54 -0800
From:   Moritz Fischer <mdf@...nel.org>
To:     matthew.gerlach@...ux.intel.com
Cc:     linux-fpga@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        mdf@...nel.org, hao.wu@...el.com, trix@...hat.com,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, corbet@....net
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/2] fpga: dfl: look for vendor specific capability

Hi Matthew,

On Wed, Nov 18, 2020 at 11:01:51AM -0800, matthew.gerlach@...ux.intel.com wrote:
> From: Matthew Gerlach <matthew.gerlach@...ux.intel.com>
> 
> A DFL may not begin at offset 0 of BAR 0.  A PCIe vendor
> specific capability can be used to specify the start of a
> number of DFLs.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Gerlach <matthew.gerlach@...ux.intel.com>
> ---
> v2: Update documentation for clarity.
>     Clean up  macro names.
>     Use GENMASK.
>     Removed spurious blank lines.
>     Changed some calls from dev_info to dev_dbg.
>     Specifically check for VSEC not found, -ENODEV.
>     Ensure correct pci vendor id.
>     Remove check for page alignment.
>     Rename find_dfl_in_cfg to find_dfls_by_vsec.
>     Initialize target memory of pci_read_config_dword to invalid values before use.
> ---
>  Documentation/fpga/dfl.rst | 13 ++++++
>  drivers/fpga/dfl-pci.c     | 87 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  2 files changed, 98 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/fpga/dfl.rst b/Documentation/fpga/dfl.rst
> index 0404fe6ffc74..37016ff35a90 100644
> --- a/Documentation/fpga/dfl.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/fpga/dfl.rst
> @@ -501,6 +501,19 @@ Developer only needs to provide a sub feature driver with matched feature id.
>  FME Partial Reconfiguration Sub Feature driver (see drivers/fpga/dfl-fme-pr.c)
>  could be a reference.
>  
> +Location of DFLs on PCI Device
> +===========================

Maybe start with: "There are two ways of locating the DFLs"
> +The start of the first DFL is assumed to be offset 0 of bar 0.
> +If the first node of the DFL is an FME, then further DFLs
> +in the port(s) are specified in FME header registers.
> +Alternatively, a vendor specific capability structure can be used to
> +specify the location of all the DFLs on the device, providing flexibility
> +for the type of starting node in the DFL.  Intel has reserved the
> +VSEC ID of 0x43 for this purpose.  The vendor specific
> +data begins with a 4 byte vendor specific register for the number of DFLs followed 4 byte
> +Offset/BIR vendor specific registers for each DFL. Bits 2:0 of Offset/BIR register
> +indicates the BAR, and bits 31:3 form the 8 byte aligned offset where bits 2:0 are
> +zero.
It's nice to have details, thanks! Nit: This could be a table maybe?
>  
>  Open discussion
>  ===============
> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/dfl-pci.c b/drivers/fpga/dfl-pci.c
> index b27fae045536..3a6807e3e10c 100644
> --- a/drivers/fpga/dfl-pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/fpga/dfl-pci.c
> @@ -27,6 +27,14 @@
>  #define DRV_VERSION	"0.8"
>  #define DRV_NAME	"dfl-pci"
>  
> +#define PCI_VSEC_ID_INTEL_DFLS 0x43
> +
> +#define PCI_VNDR_DFLS_CNT 8
> +#define PCI_VNDR_DFLS_RES 0x0c
> +
> +#define PCI_VNDR_DFLS_RES_BAR_MASK GENMASK(2, 0)
> +#define PCI_VNDR_DFLS_RES_OFF_MASK GENMASK(31, 3)
> +
>  struct cci_drvdata {
>  	struct dfl_fpga_cdev *cdev;	/* container device */
>  };
> @@ -119,8 +127,80 @@ static int *cci_pci_create_irq_table(struct pci_dev *pcidev, unsigned int nvec)
>  	return table;
>  }
>  
> +static int find_dfls_by_vsec(struct pci_dev *pcidev, struct dfl_fpga_enum_info *info)
> +{
> +	u32 bar, offset, vndr_hdr, dfl_cnt, dfl_res;
> +	int dfl_res_off, i, voff = 0;
> +	resource_size_t start, len;
> +
> +	if (pcidev->vendor != PCI_VENDOR_ID_INTEL)
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
> +	while ((voff = pci_find_next_ext_capability(pcidev, voff, PCI_EXT_CAP_ID_VNDR))) {
> +		vndr_hdr = 0;
> +		pci_read_config_dword(pcidev, voff + PCI_VNDR_HEADER, &vndr_hdr);
Are there concerns around those failing?
> +
> +		dev_dbg(&pcidev->dev,
> +			"vendor-specific capability id 0x%x, rev 0x%x len 0x%x\n",
> +			PCI_VNDR_HEADER_ID(vndr_hdr),
> +			PCI_VNDR_HEADER_REV(vndr_hdr),
> +			PCI_VNDR_HEADER_LEN(vndr_hdr));
> +
> +		if (PCI_VNDR_HEADER_ID(vndr_hdr) == PCI_VSEC_ID_INTEL_DFLS)
> +			break;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!voff) {
> +		dev_dbg(&pcidev->dev, "%s no VSEC found\n", __func__);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +
> +	dfl_cnt = 0;
> +	pci_read_config_dword(pcidev, voff + PCI_VNDR_DFLS_CNT, &dfl_cnt);
I guess this could fall on it's face if you'd read back ~0 ... maybe
I'm being too paranoid :)
> +	dev_dbg(&pcidev->dev, "dfl_cnt %d\n", dfl_cnt);
> +	for (i = 0; i < dfl_cnt; i++) {
> +		dfl_res_off = voff + PCI_VNDR_DFLS_RES +
> +				      (i * sizeof(dfl_res));
> +		dfl_res = GENMASK(31, 0);
> +		pci_read_config_dword(pcidev, dfl_res_off, &dfl_res);
> +
> +		dev_dbg(&pcidev->dev, "dfl_res 0x%x\n", dfl_res);
> +
> +		bar = dfl_res & PCI_VNDR_DFLS_RES_BAR_MASK;
> +		if (bar >= PCI_STD_NUM_BARS) {
> +			dev_err(&pcidev->dev, "%s bad bar number %d\n",
> +				__func__, bar);
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +
> +		len = pci_resource_len(pcidev, bar);
> +		if (len == 0) {
> +			dev_err(&pcidev->dev, "%s unmapped bar number %d\n",
> +				__func__, bar);
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +
> +		offset = dfl_res & PCI_VNDR_DFLS_RES_OFF_MASK;
> +		if (offset >= len) {
> +			dev_err(&pcidev->dev, "%s bad offset %u >= %pa\n",
> +				__func__, offset, &len);
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +
> +		dev_dbg(&pcidev->dev, "%s BAR %d offset 0x%x\n", __func__, bar, offset);
> +
> +		len -= offset;
> +
> +		start = pci_resource_start(pcidev, bar) + offset;
> +
> +		dfl_fpga_enum_info_add_dfl(info, start, len);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>  static int find_dfls_by_default(struct pci_dev *pcidev,
> -				struct dfl_fpga_enum_info *info)
> +			       struct dfl_fpga_enum_info *info)
>  {
>  	resource_size_t start, len;
>  	int port_num, bar, i;
> @@ -220,7 +300,10 @@ static int cci_enumerate_feature_devs(struct pci_dev *pcidev)
>  			goto irq_free_exit;
>  	}
>  
> -	ret = find_dfls_by_default(pcidev, info);
> +	ret = find_dfls_by_vsec(pcidev, info);
> +	if (ret == -ENODEV)
> +		ret = find_dfls_by_default(pcidev, info);
> +
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto irq_free_exit;
>  
> -- 
> 2.25.2
> 

Thanks,
Moritz

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