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Date:   Mon, 30 Nov 2020 08:04:33 +0100
From:   Hannes Reinecke <hare@...e.de>
To:     John Garry <john.garry@...wei.com>,
        Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@....org>,
        Pradeep P V K <ppvk@...eaurora.org>, axboe@...nel.dk,
        linux-block@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     stummala@...eaurora.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Ming Lei <ming.lei@...hat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH V1] block: Fix use-after-free while iterating over
 requests

On 11/26/20 5:49 PM, John Garry wrote:
> On 26/11/2020 16:27, Bart Van Assche wrote:
>> On 11/26/20 7:02 AM, Pradeep P V K wrote:
>>> Observes below crash while accessing (use-after-free) request queue
>>> member of struct request.
>>>
>>> 191.784789:   <2> Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual
>>> address ffffff81429a4440
>>> ...
>>> 191.786174:   <2> CPU: 3 PID: 213 Comm: kworker/3:1H Tainted: G S
>>> O      5.4.61-qgki-debug-ge45de39 #1
>>> ...
>>> 191.786226:   <2> Workqueue: kblockd blk_mq_timeout_work
>>> 191.786242:   <2> pstate: 20c00005 (nzCv daif +PAN +UAO)
>>> 191.786261:   <2> pc : bt_for_each+0x114/0x1a4
>>> 191.786274:   <2> lr : bt_for_each+0xe0/0x1a4
>>> ...
>>> 191.786494:   <2> Call trace:
>>> 191.786507:   <2>  bt_for_each+0x114/0x1a4
>>> 191.786519:   <2>  blk_mq_queue_tag_busy_iter+0x60/0xd4
>>> 191.786532:   <2>  blk_mq_timeout_work+0x54/0xe8
>>> 191.786549:   <2>  process_one_work+0x2cc/0x568
>>> 191.786562:   <2>  worker_thread+0x28c/0x518
>>> 191.786577:   <2>  kthread+0x160/0x170
>>> 191.786594:   <2>  ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
>>> 191.786615:   <2> Code: 0b080148 f9404929 f8685921 b4fffe01 (f9400028)
>>> 191.786630:   <2> ---[ end trace 0f1f51d79ab3f955 ]---
>>> 191.786643:   <2> Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
>>>
>>> Fix this by updating the freed request with NULL.
>>> This could avoid accessing the already free request from other
>>> contexts while iterating over the requests.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Pradeep P V K <ppvk@...eaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>>   block/blk-mq.c | 1 +
>>>   block/blk-mq.h | 1 +
>>>   2 files changed, 2 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
>>> index 55bcee5..9996cb1 100644
>>> --- a/block/blk-mq.c
>>> +++ b/block/blk-mq.c
>>> @@ -492,6 +492,7 @@ static void __blk_mq_free_request(struct request 
>>> *rq)
>>>       blk_crypto_free_request(rq);
>>>       blk_pm_mark_last_busy(rq);
>>> +    hctx->tags->rqs[rq->tag] = NULL;
>>>       rq->mq_hctx = NULL;
>>>       if (rq->tag != BLK_MQ_NO_TAG)
>>>           blk_mq_put_tag(hctx->tags, ctx, rq->tag);
>>> diff --git a/block/blk-mq.h b/block/blk-mq.h
>>> index a52703c..8747bf1 100644
>>> --- a/block/blk-mq.h
>>> +++ b/block/blk-mq.h
>>> @@ -224,6 +224,7 @@ static inline int __blk_mq_active_requests(struct 
>>> blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx)
>>>   static inline void __blk_mq_put_driver_tag(struct blk_mq_hw_ctx *hctx,
>>>                          struct request *rq)
>>>   {
>>> +    hctx->tags->rqs[rq->tag] = NULL;
>>>       blk_mq_put_tag(hctx->tags, rq->mq_ctx, rq->tag);
>>>       rq->tag = BLK_MQ_NO_TAG;
>>
>> Is this perhaps a block driver bug instead of a block layer core bug? If
>> this would be a block layer core bug, it would have been reported before.
> 
> Isn't this the same issue which as been reported many times:
> 
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/20200820180335.3109216-1-ming.lei@redhat.com/ 
> 
> 
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/8376443a-ec1b-0cef-8244-ed584b96fa96@huawei.com/ 
> 
> 
> But I never saw a crash, just kasan report.
> 
And if that above were a concern, I would have thought one would need to 
use a WRITE_ONCE() here; otherwise we might have a race condition where 
other CPUs still see the old value, no?

Cheers,

Hannes
-- 
Dr. Hannes Reinecke                Kernel Storage Architect
hare@...e.de                              +49 911 74053 688
SUSE Software Solutions GmbH, Maxfeldstr. 5, 90409 Nürnberg
HRB 36809 (AG Nürnberg), Geschäftsführer: Felix Imendörffer

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