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Date:   Mon, 30 Nov 2020 17:20:25 -0800
From:   Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>
To:     "Shutemov, Kirill" <kirill.shutemov@...el.com>,
        Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
Cc:     Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        linux-nvdimm <linux-nvdimm@...ts.01.org>
Subject: mapcount corruption regression

Kirill, Willy, compound page experts,

I am seeking some debug ideas about the following splat:

BUG: Bad page state in process lt-pmem-ns  pfn:121a12
page:0000000051ef73f7 refcount:0 mapcount:-1024
mapping:0000000000000000 index:0x0 pfn:0x121a12
flags: 0x2ffff800000000()
raw: 002ffff800000000 dead000000000100 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
raw: 0000000000000000 ffff8a6914886b48 00000000fffffbff 0000000000000000
page dumped because: nonzero mapcount
[..]
CPU: 26 PID: 6127 Comm: lt-pmem-ns Tainted: G           OE     5.10.0-rc4+ #450
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS 0.0.0 02/06/2015
Call Trace:
 dump_stack+0x8b/0xb0
 bad_page.cold+0x63/0x94
 free_pcp_prepare+0x224/0x270
 free_unref_page+0x18/0xd0
 pud_free_pmd_page+0x146/0x160
 ioremap_pud_range+0xe3/0x350
 ioremap_page_range+0x108/0x160
 __ioremap_caller.constprop.0+0x174/0x2b0
 ? memremap+0x7a/0x110
 memremap+0x7a/0x110
 devm_memremap+0x53/0xa0
 pmem_attach_disk+0x4ed/0x530 [nd_pmem]

It triggers on v5.10-rc4 not on v5.9, but the bisect comes up with an
ambiguous result. I've run the bisect 3 times and landed on:

032c7ed95817 Merge tag 'arm64-upstream' of
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux

...which does not touch anything near _mapcount. I suspect there is
something unique about the build that lines up the corruption to
happen or not happen.

The test is a simple namespace creation test that results in an
memremap() / ioremap() over several gigabytes of memory capacity. The
-1024 was interesting because that's the GUP_PIN_COUNTING_BIAS, but
that's the _refcount, I did not see any questionable changes to how
_mapcount is manipulated post v5.9. Problem should be reproducible by
running:

make -j TESTS="pmem-ns" check

...in qemu-kvm with some virtual pmem defined:

-object memory-backend-file,id=mem1,share,mem-path=${mem}1,size=$((mem_size+label_size))
-device nvdimm,memdev=mem1,id=nv1,label-size=${label_size}

...where ${mem}1 is a 128GB sparse file $mem_size is 127GB and
$label_size is 128KB.

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