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Date:   Tue, 1 Dec 2020 10:56:17 +0900
From:   Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
To:     Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Cc:     Jakub Jelinek <jakub@...hat.com>,
        Linux Kbuild mailing list <linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-toolchains@...r.kernel.org,
        clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>,
        Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>,
        Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@...il.com>,
        Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@...il.com>,
        Dmitry Golovin <dima@...ovin.in>,
        Alistair Delva <adelva@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 4/4] Kbuild: implement support for DWARF v5

On Wed, Nov 4, 2020 at 9:54 AM Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com> wrote:
>
> DWARF v5 is the latest standard of the DWARF debug info format.
>
> Feature detection of DWARF5 is onerous, especially given that we've
> removed $(AS), so we must query $(CC) for DWARF5 assembler directive
> support.  GNU `as` only recently gained support for specifying
> -gdwarf-5.
>
> The DWARF version of a binary can be validated with:
> $ llvm-dwarfdump vmlinux | head -n 5 | grep version
> or
> $ readelf --debug-dump=info vmlinux 2>/dev/null | grep Version
>
> DWARF5 wins significantly in terms of size when mixed with compression
> (CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_COMPRESSED).
>
> 363M    vmlinux.clang12.dwarf5.compressed
> 434M    vmlinux.clang12.dwarf4.compressed
> 439M    vmlinux.clang12.dwarf2.compressed
> 457M    vmlinux.clang12.dwarf5
> 536M    vmlinux.clang12.dwarf4
> 548M    vmlinux.clang12.dwarf2
>
> Link: http://www.dwarfstd.org/doc/DWARF5.pdf
> Suggested-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
> Suggested-by: Jakub Jelinek <jakub@...hat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
> ---
>  Makefile                          | 1 +
>  include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h | 6 +++++-
>  lib/Kconfig.debug                 | 8 ++++++++
>  scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh    | 9 +++++++++
>  4 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>  create mode 100755 scripts/test_dwarf5_support.sh
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index e23786a4c1c7..9056bac0ff85 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -828,6 +828,7 @@ endif
>
>  dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2) := 2
>  dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4) := 4
> +dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF5) := 5
>  DEBUG_CFLAGS   += -gdwarf-$(dwarf-version-y)
>  ifneq ($(dwarf-version-y)$(LLVM_IAS),21)
>  # Binutils 2.35+ required for -gdwarf-4+ support.
> diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> index b2b3d81b1535..76ce62c77029 100644
> --- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> +++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
> @@ -829,7 +829,11 @@
>                 .debug_types    0 : { *(.debug_types) }                 \
>                 /* DWARF 5 */                                           \
>                 .debug_macro    0 : { *(.debug_macro) }                 \
> -               .debug_addr     0 : { *(.debug_addr) }
> +               .debug_addr     0 : { *(.debug_addr) }                  \
> +               .debug_line_str 0 : { *(.debug_line_str) }              \
> +               .debug_loclists 0 : { *(.debug_loclists) }              \
> +               .debug_rnglists 0 : { *(.debug_rnglists) }              \
> +               .debug_str_offsets      0 : { *(.debug_str_offsets) }
>
>  /* Stabs debugging sections. */
>  #define STABS_DEBUG                                                    \
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> index 03c494eefabd..c5b54ba51060 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -274,6 +274,14 @@ config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
>           It makes the debug information larger, but it significantly
>           improves the success of resolving variables in gdb on optimized code.
>
> +config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF5
> +       bool "Generate DWARF5 debuginfo"


The choice menu looks like follows:

(X) Generate DWARF v2 debuginfo
( ) Generate dwarf4 debuginfo
( ) Generate DWARF5 debuginfo


Upper / Lower case inconsistency.










--
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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