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Date:   Thu,  3 Dec 2020 13:19:16 +0100
From:   Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@...der.be>
To:     Russell King <linux@...linux.org.uk>,
        Nicolas Pitre <nico@...xnic.net>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>,
        Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@...sung.com>,
        Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@...il.com>,
        Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>
Cc:     Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>, Eric Miao <eric.miao@...dia.com>,
        Uwe Kleine-K├Ânig 
        <u.kleine-koenig@...gutronix.de>,
        Lukasz Stelmach <l.stelmach@...sung.com>,
        Stephen Boyd <sboyd@...nel.org>,
        Chris Brandt <chris.brandt@...esas.com>,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
        linux-renesas-soc@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@...der.be>
Subject: [PATCH v10 3/3] ARM: uncompress: Validate start of physical memory against passed DTB

Currently, the start address of physical memory is obtained by masking
the program counter with a fixed mask of 0xf8000000.  This mask value
was chosen as a balance between the requirements of different platforms.
However, this does require that the start address of physical memory is
a multiple of 128 MiB, precluding booting Linux on platforms where this
requirement is not fulfilled.

Fix this limitation by validating the masked address against the memory
information in the passed DTB.  Only use the start address
from DTB when masking would yield an out-of-range address, prefer the
traditional method in all other cases.  Note that this applies only to the
explicitly passed DTB on modern systems, and not to a DTB appended to
the kernel, or to ATAGS.  The appended DTB may need to be augmented by
information from ATAGS, which may need to rely on knowledge of the start
address of physical memory itself.

This allows to boot Linux on r7s9210/rza2mevb using the 64 MiB of SDRAM
on the RZA2MEVB sub board, which is located at 0x0C000000 (CS3 space),
i.e. not at a multiple of 128 MiB.

Suggested-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@...xnic.net>
Suggested-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@...der.be>
---
v10:
  - Update for commit 9443076e4330a14a ("ARM: p2v: reduce p2v alignment
    requirement to 2 MiB"),
  - Use OF_DT_MAGIC macro,
  - Rename fdt_get_mem_start() to fdt_check_mem_start(),
  - Skip validation if there is an appended DTB,
  - Pass mem_start to fdt_check_mem_start() to streamline code,
  - Optimize register allocation,
  - Update CONFIG_AUTO_ZRELADDR help text,
  - Check all memory nodes and ranges (not just the first one), and
    "linux,usable-memory", similar to early_init_dt_scan_memory(),
  - Drop Reviewed-by, Tested-by tags,

v9:
  - Add minlen parameter to getprop(), for better validation of
    memory properties,
  - Only use start of memory from the DTB if masking would yield an
    out-of-range address, to fix kdump, as suggested by Ard.

v8:
  - Rebase on top of commit 893ab00439a45513 ("kbuild: remove cc-option
    test of -fno-stack-protector"),

v7:
  - Rebase on top of commit 161e04a5bae58a65 ("ARM: decompressor: split
    off _edata and stack base into separate object"),

v6:
  - Rebase on top of commit 7ae4a78daacf240a ("ARM: 8969/1:
    decompressor: simplify libfdt builds"),
  - Include <linux/libfdt.h> instead of <libfdt.h>,

v5:
  - Add Tested-by, Reviewed-by,
  - Round up start of memory to satisfy 16 MiB alignment rule,

v4:
  - Fix stack location after commit 184bf653a7a452c1 ("ARM:
    decompressor: factor out routine to obtain the inflated image
    size"),

v3:
  - Add Reviewed-by,
  - Fix ATAGs with appended DTB,
  - Add Tested-by,

v2:
  - Use "cmp r0, #-1", instead of "cmn r0, #1",
  - Add missing stack setup,
  - Support appended DTB.
---
 arch/arm/Kconfig                              |   7 +-
 arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile             |   5 +-
 .../arm/boot/compressed/fdt_check_mem_start.c | 131 ++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S               |  32 ++++-
 4 files changed, 168 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/boot/compressed/fdt_check_mem_start.c

diff --git a/arch/arm/Kconfig b/arch/arm/Kconfig
index b2bf019dcefa6379..c341aa6fa862455c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/Kconfig
@@ -1908,9 +1908,10 @@ config AUTO_ZRELADDR
 	help
 	  ZRELADDR is the physical address where the decompressed kernel
 	  image will be placed. If AUTO_ZRELADDR is selected, the address
-	  will be determined at run-time by masking the current IP with
-	  0xf8000000. This assumes the zImage being placed in the first 128MB
-	  from start of memory.
+	  will be determined at run-time, either by masking the current IP
+	  with 0xf8000000, or, if invalid, from the DTB passed in r2.
+	  This assumes the zImage being placed in the first 128MB from
+	  start of memory.
 
 config EFI_STUB
 	bool
diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
index a815b1ae990d2d48..7361d45dc2ad603e 100644
--- a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -87,10 +87,13 @@ libfdt_objs := fdt_rw.o fdt_ro.o fdt_wip.o fdt.o
 ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARM_ATAG_DTB_COMPAT),y)
 OBJS	+= $(libfdt_objs) atags_to_fdt.o
 endif
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_USE_OF),y)
+OBJS	+= $(libfdt_objs) fdt_check_mem_start.o
+endif
 
 # -fstack-protector-strong triggers protection checks in this code,
 # but it is being used too early to link to meaningful stack_chk logic.
-$(foreach o, $(libfdt_objs) atags_to_fdt.o, \
+$(foreach o, $(libfdt_objs) atags_to_fdt.o fdt_check_mem_start.o, \
 	$(eval CFLAGS_$(o) := -I $(srctree)/scripts/dtc/libfdt -fno-stack-protector))
 
 # These were previously generated C files. When you are building the kernel
diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/fdt_check_mem_start.c b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/fdt_check_mem_start.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000000..0bd39319d8a7f973
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/fdt_check_mem_start.c
@@ -0,0 +1,131 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/libfdt.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+
+static const void *get_prop(const void *fdt, const char *node_path,
+			    const char *property, int minlen)
+{
+	const void *prop;
+	int offset, len;
+
+	offset = fdt_path_offset(fdt, node_path);
+	if (offset < 0)
+		return NULL;
+
+	prop = fdt_getprop(fdt, offset, property, &len);
+	if (!prop || len < minlen)
+		return NULL;
+
+	return prop;
+}
+
+static uint32_t get_cells(const void *fdt, const char *name)
+{
+	const fdt32_t *prop = get_prop(fdt, "/", name, sizeof(fdt32_t));
+
+	if (!prop) {
+		/* default */
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	return fdt32_ld(prop);
+}
+
+static uint64_t get_val(const fdt32_t *cells, uint32_t ncells)
+{
+	uint64_t r = 0;
+
+	r = fdt32_ld(cells);
+	if (ncells > 1)
+		r = (r << 32) | fdt32_ld(cells + 1);
+
+	return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check the start of physical memory
+ *
+ * Traditionally, the start address of physical memory is obtained by masking
+ * the program counter.  However, this does require that this address is a
+ * multiple of 128 MiB, precluding booting Linux on platforms where this
+ * requirement is not fulfilled.
+ * Hence validate the calculated address against the memory information in the
+ * DTB, and, if out-of-range, replace it by the real start address.
+ * To preserve backwards compatibility (systems reserving a block of memory
+ * at the start of physical memory, kdump, ...), the traditional method is
+ * always used if it yields a valid address.
+ *
+ * Return value: start address of physical memory to use
+ */
+uint32_t fdt_check_mem_start(uint32_t mem_start, const void *fdt)
+{
+	uint32_t addr_cells, size_cells, base;
+	uint32_t fdt_mem_start = 0xffffffff;
+	const fdt32_t *reg, *endp;
+	uint64_t size, end;
+	const char *type;
+	int offset, len;
+
+	if (!fdt)
+		return mem_start;
+
+	if (fdt_magic(fdt) != FDT_MAGIC)
+		return mem_start;
+
+	/* There may be multiple cells on LPAE platforms */
+	addr_cells = get_cells(fdt, "#address-cells");
+	size_cells = get_cells(fdt, "#size-cells");
+	if (addr_cells > 2 || size_cells > 2)
+		return mem_start;
+
+	/* Walk all memory nodes and regions */
+	for (offset = fdt_next_node(fdt, -1, NULL); offset >= 0;
+	     offset = fdt_next_node(fdt, offset, NULL)) {
+		type = fdt_getprop(fdt, offset, "device_type", NULL);
+		if (!type || strcmp(type, "memory"))
+			continue;
+
+		reg = fdt_getprop(fdt, offset, "linux,usable-memory", &len);
+		if (!reg)
+			reg = fdt_getprop(fdt, offset, "reg", &len);
+		if (!reg)
+			continue;
+
+		for (endp = reg + (len / sizeof(fdt32_t));
+		     endp - reg >= addr_cells + size_cells;
+		     reg += addr_cells + size_cells) {
+			size = get_val(reg + addr_cells, size_cells);
+			if (!size)
+				continue;
+
+			if (addr_cells > 1 && fdt32_ld(reg)) {
+				/* Outside 32-bit address space, skipping */
+				continue;
+			}
+
+			base = fdt32_ld(reg + addr_cells - 1);
+			end = base + size;
+			if (mem_start >= base && mem_start < end) {
+				/* Calculated address is valid, use it */
+				return mem_start;
+			}
+
+			if (base < fdt_mem_start)
+				fdt_mem_start = base;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (fdt_mem_start == 0xffffffff) {
+		/* No usable memory found, falling back to default */
+		return mem_start;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * The calculated address is not usable.
+	 * Use the lowest usable physical memory address from the DTB instead,
+	 * and make sure this is a multiple of 2 MiB for phys/virt patching.
+	 */
+	return round_up(fdt_mem_start, SZ_2M);
+}
diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S
index d9cce7238a365081..1b6425df87e84e71 100644
--- a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S
+++ b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/head.S
@@ -282,10 +282,36 @@ not_angel:
 		 * are already placing their zImage in (eg) the top 64MB
 		 * of this range.
 		 */
-		mov	r4, pc
-		and	r4, r4, #0xf8000000
+		mov	r0, pc
+		and	r0, r0, #0xf8000000
+#ifdef CONFIG_USE_OF
+		adr	r1, LC1
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_APPENDED_DTB
+		/*
+		 * Look for an appended DTB.  If found, we cannot use it to
+		 * validate the calculated start of physical memory, as its
+		 * memory nodes may need to be augmented by ATAGS stored at
+		 * an offset from the same start of physical memory.
+		 */
+		ldr	r2, [r1, #4]	@ get &_edata
+		add	r2, r2, r1	@ relocate it
+		ldr	r2, [r2]	@ get DTB signature
+		ldr	r3, =OF_DT_MAGIC
+		cmp	r2, r3		@ do we have a DTB there?
+		beq	1f		@ if yes, skip validation
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM_APPENDED_DTB */
+
+		/* Make sure we have some stack */
+		ldr	sp, [r1]	@ get stack location
+		add	sp, sp, r1	@ apply relocation
+
+		/* Validate calculated start against passed DTB */
+		mov	r1, r8
+		bl	fdt_check_mem_start
+1:
+#endif /* CONFIG_USE_OF */
 		/* Determine final kernel image address. */
-		add	r4, r4, #TEXT_OFFSET
+		add	r4, r0, #TEXT_OFFSET
 #else
 		ldr	r4, =zreladdr
 #endif
-- 
2.25.1

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