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Date:   Thu, 3 Dec 2020 17:18:37 -0800
From:   Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
To:     Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
Cc:     Arvind Sankar <nivedita@...m.mit.edu>,
        Jakub Jelinek <jakub@...hat.com>,
        Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>,
        Caroline Tice <cmtice@...gle.com>,
        clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>,
        Nick Clifton <nickc@...hat.com>,
        Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        "peterz@...radead.org" <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Krzysztof Kozlowski <krzk@...nel.org>,
        Linux Kbuild mailing list <linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 1/2] Kbuild: make DWARF version a choice

(minus Chengbin due to bounces)

On Thu, Dec 3, 2020 at 5:11 PM Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com> wrote:
>
> Modifies CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4 to be a member of a choice. Adds an
> explicit CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2, which is the default. Does so in a
> way that's forward compatible with existing configs, and makes adding
> future versions more straightforward.
>
> Suggested-by: Fangrui Song <maskray@...gle.com>
> Suggested-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
> ---
>  Makefile          | 14 ++++++++------
>  lib/Kconfig.debug | 21 ++++++++++++++++-----
>  2 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index a2ded5029084..2430e1ee7c44 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -826,12 +826,14 @@ else
>  DEBUG_CFLAGS   += -g
>  endif
>
> -ifneq ($(LLVM_IAS),1)
> -KBUILD_AFLAGS  += -Wa,-gdwarf-2
> -endif
> -
> -ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
> -DEBUG_CFLAGS   += -gdwarf-4
> +dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2) := 2
> +dwarf-version-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4) := 4
> +DEBUG_CFLAGS   += -gdwarf-$(dwarf-version-y)
> +ifneq ($(dwarf-version-y)$(LLVM_IAS),21)
> +# Binutils 2.35+ required for -gdwarf-4+ support.
> +dwarf-aflag    := $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-gdwarf-$(dwarf-version-y))
> +DEBUG_CFLAGS   += $(dwarf-aflag)
> +KBUILD_AFLAGS  += $(dwarf-aflag)
>  endif
>
>  ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> index 0c7380e36370..04719294a7a3 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -256,14 +256,25 @@ config DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT
>           to know about the .dwo files and include them.
>           Incompatible with older versions of ccache.
>
> +choice
> +       prompt "DWARF version"
> +       help
> +         Which version of DWARF debug info to emit.
> +
> +config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2
> +       bool "Generate DWARF Version 2 debuginfo"
> +       help
> +         Generate DWARF v2 debug info.
> +
>  config DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4
> -       bool "Generate dwarf4 debuginfo"
> +       bool "Generate DWARF Version 4 debuginfo"
>         depends on $(cc-option,-gdwarf-4)
>         help
> -         Generate dwarf4 debug info. This requires recent versions
> -         of gcc and gdb. It makes the debug information larger.
> -         But it significantly improves the success of resolving
> -         variables in gdb on optimized code.
> +         Generate DWARF v4 debug info. This requires gcc 4.5+ and gdb 7.0+.
> +         It makes the debug information larger, but it significantly
> +         improves the success of resolving variables in gdb on optimized code.

^ I kept the previous help text, but while this may have been the case
when DWARF v4 support was first introduced in GCC, by my (lone)
measure of x86_64 defconfig with gcc 10.2, this doesn't or no longer
seems to be the case. See patch 2 for measurements:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20201204011129.2493105-2-ndesaulniers@google.com/.
(also, missed the cover letter, here it is:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAKwvOdkZEiHK01OD420USb0j=F0LcrnRbauv9Yw26tu-GRbYkg@mail.gmail.com/)

> +
> +endchoice # "DWARF version"
>
>  config DEBUG_INFO_BTF
>         bool "Generate BTF typeinfo"
> --
> 2.29.2.576.ga3fc446d84-goog
>


-- 
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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