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Date:   Tue, 15 Dec 2020 12:30:09 +0530
From:   Kishon Vijay Abraham I <kishon@...com>
To:     Kishon Vijay Abraham I <kishon@...com>,
        Tom Joseph <tjoseph@...ence.com>,
        Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>,
        Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@...gle.com>,
        Nadeem Athani <nadeem@...ence.com>
CC:     <linux-omap@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-pci@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <mparab@...ence.com>,
        <sjakhade@...ence.com>, <pthombar@...ence.com>
Subject: [PATCH v5] PCI: cadence: Retrain Link to work around Gen2 training defect.

From: Nadeem Athani <nadeem@...ence.com>

Cadence controller will not initiate autonomous speed change if strapped as
Gen2. The Retrain Link bit is set as quirk to enable this speed change.

Signed-off-by: Nadeem Athani <nadeem@...ence.com>
[kishon@...com: Enable the workaround for TI's J721E SoC]
Signed-off-by: Kishon Vijay Abraham I <kishon@...com>
---
Hi Lorenzo,
The previous version of the patch can be found at [1].
I slightly re-worked the patch from Nadeem
*) Removed additional Link Up Check
*) Removed quirk from pcie-cadence-plat.c
*) Also removed additional compatible
   "cdns,cdns-pcie-host-quirk-retrain" added in that series
*) Enabled the quirk for J721E
[1] -> http://lore.kernel.org/r/20201211144236.3825-1-nadeem@cadence.com

 drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pci-j721e.c    |  3 +
 .../controller/cadence/pcie-cadence-host.c    | 67 ++++++++++++++-----
 drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence.h | 11 ++-
 3 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pci-j721e.c b/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pci-j721e.c
index dac1ac8a7615..baf729850cb1 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pci-j721e.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pci-j721e.c
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ enum j721e_pcie_mode {
 
 struct j721e_pcie_data {
 	enum j721e_pcie_mode	mode;
+	bool			quirk_retrain_flag;
 };
 
 static inline u32 j721e_pcie_user_readl(struct j721e_pcie *pcie, u32 offset)
@@ -280,6 +281,7 @@ static struct pci_ops cdns_ti_pcie_host_ops = {
 
 static const struct j721e_pcie_data j721e_pcie_rc_data = {
 	.mode = PCI_MODE_RC,
+	.quirk_retrain_flag = true,
 };
 
 static const struct j721e_pcie_data j721e_pcie_ep_data = {
@@ -388,6 +390,7 @@ static int j721e_pcie_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 
 		bridge->ops = &cdns_ti_pcie_host_ops;
 		rc = pci_host_bridge_priv(bridge);
+		rc->quirk_retrain_flag = data->quirk_retrain_flag;
 
 		cdns_pcie = &rc->pcie;
 		cdns_pcie->dev = dev;
diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence-host.c b/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence-host.c
index 811c1cb2e8de..773c0d1137ed 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence-host.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence-host.c
@@ -77,6 +77,50 @@ static struct pci_ops cdns_pcie_host_ops = {
 	.write		= pci_generic_config_write,
 };
 
+static int cdns_pcie_host_wait_for_link(struct cdns_pcie *pcie)
+{
+	struct device *dev = pcie->dev;
+	int retries;
+
+	/* Check if the link is up or not */
+	for (retries = 0; retries < LINK_WAIT_MAX_RETRIES; retries++) {
+		if (cdns_pcie_link_up(pcie)) {
+			dev_info(dev, "Link up\n");
+			return 0;
+		}
+		usleep_range(LINK_WAIT_USLEEP_MIN, LINK_WAIT_USLEEP_MAX);
+	}
+
+	return -ETIMEDOUT;
+}
+
+static void cdns_pcie_retrain(struct cdns_pcie *pcie)
+{
+	u32 lnk_cap_sls, pcie_cap_off = CDNS_PCIE_RP_CAP_OFFSET;
+	u16 lnk_stat, lnk_ctl;
+
+	/*
+	 * Set retrain bit if current speed is 2.5 GB/s,
+	 * but the PCIe root port support is > 2.5 GB/s.
+	 */
+
+	lnk_cap_sls = cdns_pcie_readl(pcie, (CDNS_PCIE_RP_BASE + pcie_cap_off +
+					     PCI_EXP_LNKCAP));
+	if ((lnk_cap_sls & PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_SLS) <= PCI_EXP_LNKCAP_SLS_2_5GB)
+		return;
+
+	lnk_stat = cdns_pcie_rp_readw(pcie, pcie_cap_off + PCI_EXP_LNKSTA);
+	if ((lnk_stat & PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_CLS) == PCI_EXP_LNKSTA_CLS_2_5GB) {
+		lnk_ctl = cdns_pcie_rp_readw(pcie,
+					     pcie_cap_off + PCI_EXP_LNKCTL);
+		lnk_ctl |= PCI_EXP_LNKCTL_RL;
+		cdns_pcie_rp_writew(pcie, pcie_cap_off + PCI_EXP_LNKCTL,
+				    lnk_ctl);
+
+		if (cdns_pcie_host_wait_for_link(pcie))
+			return;
+	}
+}
 
 static int cdns_pcie_host_init_root_port(struct cdns_pcie_rc *rc)
 {
@@ -398,23 +442,6 @@ static int cdns_pcie_host_init(struct device *dev,
 	return cdns_pcie_host_init_address_translation(rc);
 }
 
-static int cdns_pcie_host_wait_for_link(struct cdns_pcie *pcie)
-{
-	struct device *dev = pcie->dev;
-	int retries;
-
-	/* Check if the link is up or not */
-	for (retries = 0; retries < LINK_WAIT_MAX_RETRIES; retries++) {
-		if (cdns_pcie_link_up(pcie)) {
-			dev_info(dev, "Link up\n");
-			return 0;
-		}
-		usleep_range(LINK_WAIT_USLEEP_MIN, LINK_WAIT_USLEEP_MAX);
-	}
-
-	return -ETIMEDOUT;
-}
-
 int cdns_pcie_host_setup(struct cdns_pcie_rc *rc)
 {
 	struct device *dev = rc->pcie.dev;
@@ -458,8 +485,12 @@ int cdns_pcie_host_setup(struct cdns_pcie_rc *rc)
 	}
 
 	ret = cdns_pcie_host_wait_for_link(pcie);
-	if (ret)
+	if (ret) {
 		dev_dbg(dev, "PCIe link never came up\n");
+	} else {
+		if (rc->quirk_retrain_flag)
+			cdns_pcie_retrain(pcie);
+	}
 
 	for (bar = RP_BAR0; bar <= RP_NO_BAR; bar++)
 		rc->avail_ib_bar[bar] = true;
diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence.h b/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence.h
index 30eba6cafe2c..0f29128a5d0a 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence.h
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/cadence/pcie-cadence.h
@@ -119,7 +119,7 @@
  * Root Port Registers (PCI configuration space for the root port function)
  */
 #define CDNS_PCIE_RP_BASE	0x00200000
-
+#define CDNS_PCIE_RP_CAP_OFFSET 0xc0
 
 /*
  * Address Translation Registers
@@ -291,6 +291,7 @@ struct cdns_pcie {
  * @device_id: PCI device ID
  * @avail_ib_bar: Satus of RP_BAR0, RP_BAR1 and	RP_NO_BAR if it's free or
  *                available
+ * @quirk_retrain_flag: Retrain link as quirk for PCIe Gen2
  */
 struct cdns_pcie_rc {
 	struct cdns_pcie	pcie;
@@ -299,6 +300,7 @@ struct cdns_pcie_rc {
 	u32			vendor_id;
 	u32			device_id;
 	bool			avail_ib_bar[CDNS_PCIE_RP_MAX_IB];
+	bool			quirk_retrain_flag;
 };
 
 /**
@@ -414,6 +416,13 @@ static inline void cdns_pcie_rp_writew(struct cdns_pcie *pcie,
 	cdns_pcie_write_sz(addr, 0x2, value);
 }
 
+static inline u16 cdns_pcie_rp_readw(struct cdns_pcie *pcie, u32 reg)
+{
+	void __iomem *addr = pcie->reg_base + CDNS_PCIE_RP_BASE + reg;
+
+	return cdns_pcie_read_sz(addr, 0x2);
+}
+
 /* Endpoint Function register access */
 static inline void cdns_pcie_ep_fn_writeb(struct cdns_pcie *pcie, u8 fn,
 					  u32 reg, u8 value)
-- 
2.17.1

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