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Date:   Tue, 15 Dec 2020 15:49:24 +0100
From:   Hans de Goede <hdegoede@...hat.com>
To:     Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@...il.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Mark Gross <mgross@...ux.intel.com>,
        Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@...il.com>,
        Barnabás Pőcze <pobrn@...tonmail.com>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@...nel.org>,
        Michal Marek <michal.lkml@...kovi.net>,
        Blaž Hrastnik <blaz@...n.io>,
        Dorian Stoll <dorian.stoll@...p.io>,
        platform-driver-x86@...r.kernel.org, linux-kbuild@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 6/9] platform/surface: aggregator: Add dedicated bus
 and device type

Hi,

On 12/3/20 10:26 PM, Maximilian Luz wrote:
> The Surface Aggregator EC provides varying functionality, depending on
> the Surface device. To manage this functionality, we use dedicated
> client devices for each subsystem or virtual device of the EC. While
> some of these clients are described as standard devices in ACPI and the
> corresponding client drivers can be implemented as platform drivers in
> the kernel (making use of the controller API already present), many
> devices, especially on newer Surface models, cannot be found there.
> 
> To simplify management of these devices, we introduce a new bus and
> client device type for the Surface Aggregator subsystem. The new device
> type takes care of managing the controller reference, essentially
> guaranteeing its validity for as long as the client device exists, thus
> alleviating the need to manually establish device links for that purpose
> in the client driver (as has to be done with the platform devices).
> 
> Signed-off-by: Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@...il.com>

Thanks, patch looks good to me:

Reviewed-by: Hans de Goede <hdegoede@...hat.com>

Regards,

Hans



> ---
> 
> Changes in v1 (from RFC):
>  - add copyright lines
>  - change SPDX identifier to GPL-2.0+ (was GPL-2.0-or-later)
>  - remove unnecessary READ_ONCE on multiple occasions
>  - improve documentation of special values for SSAM_DEVICE()
>  - add NULL checks for ssam_device_get, ssam_device_put
> 
> Changes in v2:
>  - return ENODEV instead of ENXIO if controller is not present
>  - use sysfs_emit for sysfs attributes
>  - spell check comments and strings, fix typos
>  - unify comment style
>  - run checkpatch --strict, fix warnings and style issues
> 
> ---
>  drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Kconfig  |  12 +
>  drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Makefile |   4 +
>  drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.c    | 415 ++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.h    |  27 ++
>  drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/core.c   |  12 +
>  include/linux/mod_devicetable.h              |  18 +
>  include/linux/surface_aggregator/device.h    | 423 +++++++++++++++++++
>  scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c            |   8 +
>  scripts/mod/file2alias.c                     |  23 +
>  9 files changed, 942 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.h
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/surface_aggregator/device.h
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Kconfig b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Kconfig
> index 48f40c345e29..44c2493706bc 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Kconfig
> @@ -42,6 +42,18 @@ menuconfig SURFACE_AGGREGATOR
>  	  module, y if you want to build it into the kernel and n if you don't
>  	  want it at all.
> 
> +config SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS
> +	bool "Surface System Aggregator Module Bus"
> +	depends on SURFACE_AGGREGATOR
> +	default y
> +	help
> +	  Expands the Surface System Aggregator Module (SSAM) core driver by
> +	  providing a dedicated bus and client-device type.
> +
> +	  This bus and device type are intended to provide and simplify support
> +	  for non-platform and non-ACPI SSAM devices, i.e. SSAM devices that are
> +	  not auto-detectable via the conventional means (e.g. ACPI).
> +
>  config SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_ERROR_INJECTION
>  	bool "Surface System Aggregator Module Error Injection Capabilities"
>  	depends on SURFACE_AGGREGATOR
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Makefile b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Makefile
> index b8b24c8ec310..c112e2c7112b 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/Makefile
> @@ -11,3 +11,7 @@ surface_aggregator-objs += ssh_parser.o
>  surface_aggregator-objs += ssh_packet_layer.o
>  surface_aggregator-objs += ssh_request_layer.o
>  surface_aggregator-objs += controller.o
> +
> +ifeq ($(CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS),y)
> +surface_aggregator-objs += bus.o
> +endif
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.c b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..9f7b4f91a87e
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,415 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Surface System Aggregator Module bus and device integration.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@...il.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/surface_aggregator/controller.h>
> +#include <linux/surface_aggregator/device.h>
> +
> +#include "bus.h"
> +#include "controller.h"
> +
> +static ssize_t modalias_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> +			     char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device *sdev = to_ssam_device(dev);
> +
> +	return sysfs_emit(buf, "ssam:d%02Xc%02Xt%02Xi%02Xf%02X\n",
> +			sdev->uid.domain, sdev->uid.category, sdev->uid.target,
> +			sdev->uid.instance, sdev->uid.function);
> +}
> +static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(modalias);
> +
> +static struct attribute *ssam_device_attrs[] = {
> +	&dev_attr_modalias.attr,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(ssam_device);
> +
> +static int ssam_device_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device *sdev = to_ssam_device(dev);
> +
> +	return add_uevent_var(env, "MODALIAS=ssam:d%02Xc%02Xt%02Xi%02Xf%02X",
> +			      sdev->uid.domain, sdev->uid.category,
> +			      sdev->uid.target, sdev->uid.instance,
> +			      sdev->uid.function);
> +}
> +
> +static void ssam_device_release(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device *sdev = to_ssam_device(dev);
> +
> +	ssam_controller_put(sdev->ctrl);
> +	kfree(sdev);
> +}
> +
> +const struct device_type ssam_device_type = {
> +	.name    = "surface_aggregator_device",
> +	.groups  = ssam_device_groups,
> +	.uevent  = ssam_device_uevent,
> +	.release = ssam_device_release,
> +};
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_type);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_alloc() - Allocate and initialize a SSAM client device.
> + * @ctrl: The controller under which the device should be added.
> + * @uid:  The UID of the device to be added.
> + *
> + * Allocates and initializes a new client device. The parent of the device
> + * will be set to the controller device and the name will be set based on the
> + * UID. Note that the device still has to be added via ssam_device_add().
> + * Refer to that function for more details.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns the newly allocated and initialized SSAM client device, or
> + * %NULL if it could not be allocated.
> + */
> +struct ssam_device *ssam_device_alloc(struct ssam_controller *ctrl,
> +				      struct ssam_device_uid uid)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device *sdev;
> +
> +	sdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*sdev), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!sdev)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	device_initialize(&sdev->dev);
> +	sdev->dev.bus = &ssam_bus_type;
> +	sdev->dev.type = &ssam_device_type;
> +	sdev->dev.parent = ssam_controller_device(ctrl);
> +	sdev->ctrl = ssam_controller_get(ctrl);
> +	sdev->uid = uid;
> +
> +	dev_set_name(&sdev->dev, "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x",
> +		     sdev->uid.domain, sdev->uid.category, sdev->uid.target,
> +		     sdev->uid.instance, sdev->uid.function);
> +
> +	return sdev;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_alloc);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_add() - Add a SSAM client device.
> + * @sdev: The SSAM client device to be added.
> + *
> + * Added client devices must be guaranteed to always have a valid and active
> + * controller. Thus, this function will fail with %-ENODEV if the controller
> + * of the device has not been initialized yet, has been suspended, or has been
> + * shut down.
> + *
> + * The caller of this function should ensure that the corresponding call to
> + * ssam_device_remove() is issued before the controller is shut down. If the
> + * added device is a direct child of the controller device (default), it will
> + * be automatically removed when the controller is shut down.
> + *
> + * By default, the controller device will become the parent of the newly
> + * created client device. The parent may be changed before ssam_device_add is
> + * called, but care must be taken that a) the correct suspend/resume ordering
> + * is guaranteed and b) the client device does not outlive the controller,
> + * i.e. that the device is removed before the controller is being shut down.
> + * In case these guarantees have to be manually enforced, please refer to the
> + * ssam_client_link() and ssam_client_bind() functions, which are intended to
> + * set up device-links for this purpose.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns zero on success, a negative error code on failure.
> + */
> +int ssam_device_add(struct ssam_device *sdev)
> +{
> +	int status;
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Ensure that we can only add new devices to a controller if it has
> +	 * been started and is not going away soon. This works in combination
> +	 * with ssam_controller_remove_clients to ensure driver presence for the
> +	 * controller device, i.e. it ensures that the controller (sdev->ctrl)
> +	 * is always valid and can be used for requests as long as the client
> +	 * device we add here is registered as child under it. This essentially
> +	 * guarantees that the client driver can always expect the preconditions
> +	 * for functions like ssam_request_sync (controller has to be started
> +	 * and is not suspended) to hold and thus does not have to check for
> +	 * them.
> +	 *
> +	 * Note that for this to work, the controller has to be a parent device.
> +	 * If it is not a direct parent, care has to be taken that the device is
> +	 * removed via ssam_device_remove(), as device_unregister does not
> +	 * remove child devices recursively.
> +	 */
> +	ssam_controller_statelock(sdev->ctrl);
> +
> +	if (sdev->ctrl->state != SSAM_CONTROLLER_STARTED) {
> +		ssam_controller_stateunlock(sdev->ctrl);
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +	}
> +
> +	status = device_add(&sdev->dev);
> +
> +	ssam_controller_stateunlock(sdev->ctrl);
> +	return status;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_add);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_remove() - Remove a SSAM client device.
> + * @sdev: The device to remove.
> + *
> + * Removes and unregisters the provided SSAM client device.
> + */
> +void ssam_device_remove(struct ssam_device *sdev)
> +{
> +	device_unregister(&sdev->dev);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_remove);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_id_compatible() - Check if a device ID matches a UID.
> + * @id:  The device ID as potential match.
> + * @uid: The device UID matching against.
> + *
> + * Check if the given ID is a match for the given UID, i.e. if a device with
> + * the provided UID is compatible to the given ID following the match rules
> + * described in its &ssam_device_id.match_flags member.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns %true iff the given UID is compatible to the match rule
> + * described by the given ID, %false otherwise.
> + */
> +static bool ssam_device_id_compatible(const struct ssam_device_id *id,
> +				      struct ssam_device_uid uid)
> +{
> +	if (id->domain != uid.domain || id->category != uid.category)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	if ((id->match_flags & SSAM_MATCH_TARGET) && id->target != uid.target)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	if ((id->match_flags & SSAM_MATCH_INSTANCE) && id->instance != uid.instance)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	if ((id->match_flags & SSAM_MATCH_FUNCTION) && id->function != uid.function)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	return true;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_id_is_null() - Check if a device ID is null.
> + * @id: The device ID to check.
> + *
> + * Check if a given device ID is null, i.e. all zeros. Used to check for the
> + * end of ``MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(ssam, ...)`` or similar lists.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns %true if the given ID represents a null ID, %false
> + * otherwise.
> + */
> +static bool ssam_device_id_is_null(const struct ssam_device_id *id)
> +{
> +	return id->match_flags == 0 &&
> +		id->domain == 0 &&
> +		id->category == 0 &&
> +		id->target == 0 &&
> +		id->instance == 0 &&
> +		id->function == 0 &&
> +		id->driver_data == 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_id_match() - Find the matching ID table entry for the given UID.
> + * @table: The table to search in.
> + * @uid:   The UID to matched against the individual table entries.
> + *
> + * Find the first match for the provided device UID in the provided ID table
> + * and return it. Returns %NULL if no match could be found.
> + */
> +const struct ssam_device_id *ssam_device_id_match(const struct ssam_device_id *table,
> +						  const struct ssam_device_uid uid)
> +{
> +	const struct ssam_device_id *id;
> +
> +	for (id = table; !ssam_device_id_is_null(id); ++id)
> +		if (ssam_device_id_compatible(id, uid))
> +			return id;
> +
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_id_match);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_get_match() - Find and return the ID matching the device in the
> + * ID table of the bound driver.
> + * @dev: The device for which to get the matching ID table entry.
> + *
> + * Find the fist match for the UID of the device in the ID table of the
> + * currently bound driver and return it. Returns %NULL if the device does not
> + * have a driver bound to it, the driver does not have match_table (i.e. it is
> + * %NULL), or there is no match in the driver's match_table.
> + *
> + * This function essentially calls ssam_device_id_match() with the ID table of
> + * the bound device driver and the UID of the device.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns the first match for the UID of the device in the device
> + * driver's match table, or %NULL if no such match could be found.
> + */
> +const struct ssam_device_id *ssam_device_get_match(const struct ssam_device *dev)
> +{
> +	const struct ssam_device_driver *sdrv;
> +
> +	sdrv = to_ssam_device_driver(dev->dev.driver);
> +	if (!sdrv)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	if (!sdrv->match_table)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	return ssam_device_id_match(sdrv->match_table, dev->uid);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_get_match);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_get_match_data() - Find the ID matching the device in the
> + * ID table of the bound driver and return its ``driver_data`` member.
> + * @dev: The device for which to get the match data.
> + *
> + * Find the fist match for the UID of the device in the ID table of the
> + * corresponding driver and return its driver_data. Returns %NULL if the
> + * device does not have a driver bound to it, the driver does not have
> + * match_table (i.e. it is %NULL), there is no match in the driver's
> + * match_table, or the match does not have any driver_data.
> + *
> + * This function essentially calls ssam_device_get_match() and, if any match
> + * could be found, returns its ``struct ssam_device_id.driver_data`` member.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns the driver data associated with the first match for the UID
> + * of the device in the device driver's match table, or %NULL if no such match
> + * could be found.
> + */
> +const void *ssam_device_get_match_data(const struct ssam_device *dev)
> +{
> +	const struct ssam_device_id *id;
> +
> +	id = ssam_device_get_match(dev);
> +	if (!id)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	return (const void *)id->driver_data;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_get_match_data);
> +
> +static int ssam_bus_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device_driver *sdrv = to_ssam_device_driver(drv);
> +	struct ssam_device *sdev = to_ssam_device(dev);
> +
> +	if (!is_ssam_device(dev))
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	return !!ssam_device_id_match(sdrv->match_table, sdev->uid);
> +}
> +
> +static int ssam_bus_probe(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	return to_ssam_device_driver(dev->driver)
> +		->probe(to_ssam_device(dev));
> +}
> +
> +static int ssam_bus_remove(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device_driver *sdrv = to_ssam_device_driver(dev->driver);
> +
> +	if (sdrv->remove)
> +		sdrv->remove(to_ssam_device(dev));
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +struct bus_type ssam_bus_type = {
> +	.name   = "surface_aggregator",
> +	.match  = ssam_bus_match,
> +	.probe  = ssam_bus_probe,
> +	.remove = ssam_bus_remove,
> +};
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_bus_type);
> +
> +/**
> + * __ssam_device_driver_register() - Register a SSAM client device driver.
> + * @sdrv:  The driver to register.
> + * @owner: The module owning the provided driver.
> + *
> + * Please refer to the ssam_device_driver_register() macro for the normal way
> + * to register a driver from inside its owning module.
> + */
> +int __ssam_device_driver_register(struct ssam_device_driver *sdrv,
> +				  struct module *owner)
> +{
> +	sdrv->driver.owner = owner;
> +	sdrv->driver.bus = &ssam_bus_type;
> +
> +	/* force drivers to async probe so I/O is possible in probe */
> +	sdrv->driver.probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_ASYNCHRONOUS;
> +
> +	return driver_register(&sdrv->driver);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__ssam_device_driver_register);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_driver_unregister - Unregister a SSAM device driver.
> + * @sdrv: The driver to unregister.
> + */
> +void ssam_device_driver_unregister(struct ssam_device_driver *sdrv)
> +{
> +	driver_unregister(&sdrv->driver);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ssam_device_driver_unregister);
> +
> +static int ssam_remove_device(struct device *dev, void *_data)
> +{
> +	struct ssam_device *sdev = to_ssam_device(dev);
> +
> +	if (is_ssam_device(dev))
> +		ssam_device_remove(sdev);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_controller_remove_clients() - Remove SSAM client devices registered as
> + * direct children under the given controller.
> + * @ctrl: The controller to remove all direct clients for.
> + *
> + * Remove all SSAM client devices registered as direct children under the
> + * given controller. Note that this only accounts for direct children of the
> + * controller device. This does not take care of any client devices where the
> + * parent device has been manually set before calling ssam_device_add. Refer
> + * to ssam_device_add()/ssam_device_remove() for more details on those cases.
> + *
> + * To avoid new devices being added in parallel to this call, the main
> + * controller lock (not statelock) must be held during this (and if
> + * necessary, any subsequent deinitialization) call.
> + */
> +void ssam_controller_remove_clients(struct ssam_controller *ctrl)
> +{
> +	struct device *dev;
> +
> +	dev = ssam_controller_device(ctrl);
> +	device_for_each_child_reverse(dev, NULL, ssam_remove_device);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_bus_register() - Register and set-up the SSAM client device bus.
> + */
> +int ssam_bus_register(void)
> +{
> +	return bus_register(&ssam_bus_type);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_bus_unregister() - Unregister the SSAM client device bus.
> + */
> +void ssam_bus_unregister(void)
> +{
> +	return bus_unregister(&ssam_bus_type);
> +}
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.h b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7712baaed6a5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/bus.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
> +/*
> + * Surface System Aggregator Module bus and device integration.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@...il.com>
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS_H
> +#define _SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS_H
> +
> +#include <linux/surface_aggregator/controller.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS
> +
> +void ssam_controller_remove_clients(struct ssam_controller *ctrl);
> +
> +int ssam_bus_register(void);
> +void ssam_bus_unregister(void);
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS */
> +
> +static inline void ssam_controller_remove_clients(struct ssam_controller *ctrl) {}
> +static inline int ssam_bus_register(void) { return 0; }
> +static inline void ssam_bus_unregister(void) {}
> +
> +#endif /* CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS */
> +#endif /* _SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_BUS_H */
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/core.c b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/core.c
> index b5d44ab61f06..cde66c497d3e 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/core.c
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/core.c
> @@ -22,6 +22,8 @@
>  #include <linux/sysfs.h>
> 
>  #include <linux/surface_aggregator/controller.h>
> +
> +#include "bus.h"
>  #include "controller.h"
> 
>  #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> @@ -733,6 +735,9 @@ static void ssam_serial_hub_remove(struct serdev_device *serdev)
>  	sysfs_remove_group(&serdev->dev.kobj, &ssam_sam_group);
>  	ssam_controller_lock(ctrl);
> 
> +	/* Remove all client devices. */
> +	ssam_controller_remove_clients(ctrl);
> +
>  	/* Act as if suspending to silence events. */
>  	status = ssam_ctrl_notif_display_off(ctrl);
>  	if (status) {
> @@ -785,6 +790,10 @@ static int __init ssam_core_init(void)
>  {
>  	int status;
> 
> +	status = ssam_bus_register();
> +	if (status)
> +		goto err_bus;
> +
>  	status = ssh_ctrl_packet_cache_init();
>  	if (status)
>  		goto err_cpkg;
> @@ -804,6 +813,8 @@ static int __init ssam_core_init(void)
>  err_evitem:
>  	ssh_ctrl_packet_cache_destroy();
>  err_cpkg:
> +	ssam_bus_unregister();
> +err_bus:
>  	return status;
>  }
>  module_init(ssam_core_init);
> @@ -813,6 +824,7 @@ static void __exit ssam_core_exit(void)
>  	serdev_device_driver_unregister(&ssam_serial_hub);
>  	ssam_event_item_cache_destroy();
>  	ssh_ctrl_packet_cache_destroy();
> +	ssam_bus_unregister();
>  }
>  module_exit(ssam_core_exit);
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h b/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
> index 5b08a473cdba..0b8f1feefe0e 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mod_devicetable.h
> @@ -838,4 +838,22 @@ struct mhi_device_id {
>  	kernel_ulong_t driver_data;
>  };
> 
> +/* Surface System Aggregator Module */
> +
> +#define SSAM_MATCH_TARGET	0x1
> +#define SSAM_MATCH_INSTANCE	0x2
> +#define SSAM_MATCH_FUNCTION	0x4
> +
> +struct ssam_device_id {
> +	__u8 match_flags;
> +
> +	__u8 domain;
> +	__u8 category;
> +	__u8 target;
> +	__u8 instance;
> +	__u8 function;
> +
> +	kernel_ulong_t driver_data;
> +};
> +
>  #endif /* LINUX_MOD_DEVICETABLE_H */
> diff --git a/include/linux/surface_aggregator/device.h b/include/linux/surface_aggregator/device.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7221d4a9c1c1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/surface_aggregator/device.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,423 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ */
> +/*
> + * Surface System Aggregator Module (SSAM) bus and client-device subsystem.
> + *
> + * Main interface for the surface-aggregator bus, surface-aggregator client
> + * devices, and respective drivers building on top of the SSAM controller.
> + * Provides support for non-platform/non-ACPI SSAM clients via dedicated
> + * subsystem.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@...il.com>
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _LINUX_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_DEVICE_H
> +#define _LINUX_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_DEVICE_H
> +
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/surface_aggregator/controller.h>
> +
> +
> +/* -- Surface System Aggregator Module bus. --------------------------------- */
> +
> +/**
> + * enum ssam_device_domain - SAM device domain.
> + * @SSAM_DOMAIN_VIRTUAL:   Virtual device.
> + * @SSAM_DOMAIN_SERIALHUB: Physical device connected via Surface Serial Hub.
> + */
> +enum ssam_device_domain {
> +	SSAM_DOMAIN_VIRTUAL   = 0x00,
> +	SSAM_DOMAIN_SERIALHUB = 0x01,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * enum ssam_virtual_tc - Target categories for the virtual SAM domain.
> + * @SSAM_VIRTUAL_TC_HUB: Device hub category.
> + */
> +enum ssam_virtual_tc {
> +	SSAM_VIRTUAL_TC_HUB = 0x00,
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct ssam_device_uid - Unique identifier for SSAM device.
> + * @domain:   Domain of the device.
> + * @category: Target category of the device.
> + * @target:   Target ID of the device.
> + * @instance: Instance ID of the device.
> + * @function: Sub-function of the device. This field can be used to split a
> + *            single SAM device into multiple virtual subdevices to separate
> + *            different functionality of that device and allow one driver per
> + *            such functionality.
> + */
> +struct ssam_device_uid {
> +	u8 domain;
> +	u8 category;
> +	u8 target;
> +	u8 instance;
> +	u8 function;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Special values for device matching.
> + *
> + * These values are intended to be used with SSAM_DEVICE(), SSAM_VDEV(), and
> + * SSAM_SDEV() exclusively. Specifically, they are used to initialize the
> + * match_flags member of the device ID structure. Do not use them directly
> + * with struct ssam_device_id or struct ssam_device_uid.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_ANY_TID		0xffff
> +#define SSAM_ANY_IID		0xffff
> +#define SSAM_ANY_FUN		0xffff
> +
> +/**
> + * SSAM_DEVICE() - Initialize a &struct ssam_device_id with the given
> + * parameters.
> + * @d:   Domain of the device.
> + * @cat: Target category of the device.
> + * @tid: Target ID of the device.
> + * @iid: Instance ID of the device.
> + * @fun: Sub-function of the device.
> + *
> + * Initializes a &struct ssam_device_id with the given parameters. See &struct
> + * ssam_device_uid for details regarding the parameters. The special values
> + * %SSAM_ANY_TID, %SSAM_ANY_IID, and %SSAM_ANY_FUN can be used to specify that
> + * matching should ignore target ID, instance ID, and/or sub-function,
> + * respectively. This macro initializes the ``match_flags`` field based on the
> + * given parameters.
> + *
> + * Note: The parameters @d and @cat must be valid &u8 values, the parameters
> + * @tid, @iid, and @fun must be either valid &u8 values or %SSAM_ANY_TID,
> + * %SSAM_ANY_IID, or %SSAM_ANY_FUN, respectively. Other non-&u8 values are not
> + * allowed.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_DEVICE(d, cat, tid, iid, fun)					\
> +	.match_flags = (((tid) != SSAM_ANY_TID) ? SSAM_MATCH_TARGET : 0)	\
> +		     | (((iid) != SSAM_ANY_IID) ? SSAM_MATCH_INSTANCE : 0)	\
> +		     | (((fun) != SSAM_ANY_FUN) ? SSAM_MATCH_FUNCTION : 0),	\
> +	.domain   = d,								\
> +	.category = cat,							\
> +	.target   = ((tid) != SSAM_ANY_TID) ? (tid) : 0,			\
> +	.instance = ((iid) != SSAM_ANY_IID) ? (iid) : 0,			\
> +	.function = ((fun) != SSAM_ANY_FUN) ? (fun) : 0				\
> +
> +/**
> + * SSAM_VDEV() - Initialize a &struct ssam_device_id as virtual device with
> + * the given parameters.
> + * @cat: Target category of the device.
> + * @tid: Target ID of the device.
> + * @iid: Instance ID of the device.
> + * @fun: Sub-function of the device.
> + *
> + * Initializes a &struct ssam_device_id with the given parameters in the
> + * virtual domain. See &struct ssam_device_uid for details regarding the
> + * parameters. The special values %SSAM_ANY_TID, %SSAM_ANY_IID, and
> + * %SSAM_ANY_FUN can be used to specify that matching should ignore target ID,
> + * instance ID, and/or sub-function, respectively. This macro initializes the
> + * ``match_flags`` field based on the given parameters.
> + *
> + * Note: The parameter @cat must be a valid &u8 value, the parameters @tid,
> + * @iid, and @fun must be either valid &u8 values or %SSAM_ANY_TID,
> + * %SSAM_ANY_IID, or %SSAM_ANY_FUN, respectively. Other non-&u8 values are not
> + * allowed.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_VDEV(cat, tid, iid, fun) \
> +	SSAM_DEVICE(SSAM_DOMAIN_VIRTUAL, SSAM_VIRTUAL_TC_##cat, tid, iid, fun)
> +
> +/**
> + * SSAM_SDEV() - Initialize a &struct ssam_device_id as physical SSH device
> + * with the given parameters.
> + * @cat: Target category of the device.
> + * @tid: Target ID of the device.
> + * @iid: Instance ID of the device.
> + * @fun: Sub-function of the device.
> + *
> + * Initializes a &struct ssam_device_id with the given parameters in the SSH
> + * domain. See &struct ssam_device_uid for details regarding the parameters.
> + * The special values %SSAM_ANY_TID, %SSAM_ANY_IID, and %SSAM_ANY_FUN can be
> + * used to specify that matching should ignore target ID, instance ID, and/or
> + * sub-function, respectively. This macro initializes the ``match_flags``
> + * field based on the given parameters.
> + *
> + * Note: The parameter @cat must be a valid &u8 value, the parameters @tid,
> + * @iid, and @fun must be either valid &u8 values or %SSAM_ANY_TID,
> + * %SSAM_ANY_IID, or %SSAM_ANY_FUN, respectively. Other non-&u8 values are not
> + * allowed.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_SDEV(cat, tid, iid, fun) \
> +	SSAM_DEVICE(SSAM_DOMAIN_SERIALHUB, SSAM_SSH_TC_##cat, tid, iid, fun)
> +
> +/**
> + * struct ssam_device - SSAM client device.
> + * @dev:  Driver model representation of the device.
> + * @ctrl: SSAM controller managing this device.
> + * @uid:  UID identifying the device.
> + */
> +struct ssam_device {
> +	struct device dev;
> +	struct ssam_controller *ctrl;
> +
> +	struct ssam_device_uid uid;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct ssam_device_driver - SSAM client device driver.
> + * @driver:      Base driver model structure.
> + * @match_table: Match table specifying which devices the driver should bind to.
> + * @probe:       Called when the driver is being bound to a device.
> + * @remove:      Called when the driver is being unbound from the device.
> + */
> +struct ssam_device_driver {
> +	struct device_driver driver;
> +
> +	const struct ssam_device_id *match_table;
> +
> +	int  (*probe)(struct ssam_device *sdev);
> +	void (*remove)(struct ssam_device *sdev);
> +};
> +
> +extern struct bus_type ssam_bus_type;
> +extern const struct device_type ssam_device_type;
> +
> +/**
> + * is_ssam_device() - Check if the given device is a SSAM client device.
> + * @d: The device to test the type of.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns %true iff the specified device is of type &struct
> + * ssam_device, i.e. the device type points to %ssam_device_type, and %false
> + * otherwise.
> + */
> +static inline bool is_ssam_device(struct device *d)
> +{
> +	return d->type == &ssam_device_type;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * to_ssam_device() - Casts the given device to a SSAM client device.
> + * @d: The device to cast.
> + *
> + * Casts the given &struct device to a &struct ssam_device. The caller has to
> + * ensure that the given device is actually enclosed in a &struct ssam_device,
> + * e.g. by calling is_ssam_device().
> + *
> + * Return: Returns a pointer to the &struct ssam_device wrapping the given
> + * device @d.
> + */
> +static inline struct ssam_device *to_ssam_device(struct device *d)
> +{
> +	return container_of(d, struct ssam_device, dev);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * to_ssam_device_driver() - Casts the given device driver to a SSAM client
> + * device driver.
> + * @d: The driver to cast.
> + *
> + * Casts the given &struct device_driver to a &struct ssam_device_driver. The
> + * caller has to ensure that the given driver is actually enclosed in a
> + * &struct ssam_device_driver.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns the pointer to the &struct ssam_device_driver wrapping the
> + * given device driver @d.
> + */
> +static inline
> +struct ssam_device_driver *to_ssam_device_driver(struct device_driver *d)
> +{
> +	return container_of(d, struct ssam_device_driver, driver);
> +}
> +
> +const struct ssam_device_id *ssam_device_id_match(const struct ssam_device_id *table,
> +						  const struct ssam_device_uid uid);
> +
> +const struct ssam_device_id *ssam_device_get_match(const struct ssam_device *dev);
> +
> +const void *ssam_device_get_match_data(const struct ssam_device *dev);
> +
> +struct ssam_device *ssam_device_alloc(struct ssam_controller *ctrl,
> +				      struct ssam_device_uid uid);
> +
> +int ssam_device_add(struct ssam_device *sdev);
> +void ssam_device_remove(struct ssam_device *sdev);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_get() - Increment reference count of SSAM client device.
> + * @sdev: The device to increment the reference count of.
> + *
> + * Increments the reference count of the given SSAM client device by
> + * incrementing the reference count of the enclosed &struct device via
> + * get_device().
> + *
> + * See ssam_device_put() for the counter-part of this function.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns the device provided as input.
> + */
> +static inline struct ssam_device *ssam_device_get(struct ssam_device *sdev)
> +{
> +	return sdev ? to_ssam_device(get_device(&sdev->dev)) : NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_put() - Decrement reference count of SSAM client device.
> + * @sdev: The device to decrement the reference count of.
> + *
> + * Decrements the reference count of the given SSAM client device by
> + * decrementing the reference count of the enclosed &struct device via
> + * put_device().
> + *
> + * See ssam_device_get() for the counter-part of this function.
> + */
> +static inline void ssam_device_put(struct ssam_device *sdev)
> +{
> +	if (sdev)
> +		put_device(&sdev->dev);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_get_drvdata() - Get driver-data of SSAM client device.
> + * @sdev: The device to get the driver-data from.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns the driver-data of the given device, previously set via
> + * ssam_device_set_drvdata().
> + */
> +static inline void *ssam_device_get_drvdata(struct ssam_device *sdev)
> +{
> +	return dev_get_drvdata(&sdev->dev);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_set_drvdata() - Set driver-data of SSAM client device.
> + * @sdev: The device to set the driver-data of.
> + * @data: The data to set the device's driver-data pointer to.
> + */
> +static inline void ssam_device_set_drvdata(struct ssam_device *sdev, void *data)
> +{
> +	dev_set_drvdata(&sdev->dev, data);
> +}
> +
> +int __ssam_device_driver_register(struct ssam_device_driver *d, struct module *o);
> +void ssam_device_driver_unregister(struct ssam_device_driver *d);
> +
> +/**
> + * ssam_device_driver_register() - Register a SSAM client device driver.
> + * @drv: The driver to register.
> + */
> +#define ssam_device_driver_register(drv) \
> +	__ssam_device_driver_register(drv, THIS_MODULE)
> +
> +/**
> + * module_ssam_device_driver() - Helper macro for SSAM device driver
> + * registration.
> + * @drv: The driver managed by this module.
> + *
> + * Helper macro to register a SSAM device driver via module_init() and
> + * module_exit(). This macro may only be used once per module and replaces the
> + * aforementioned definitions.
> + */
> +#define module_ssam_device_driver(drv)			\
> +	module_driver(drv, ssam_device_driver_register,	\
> +		      ssam_device_driver_unregister)
> +
> +
> +/* -- Helpers for client-device requests. ----------------------------------- */
> +
> +/**
> + * SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_CL_N() - Define synchronous client-device SAM
> + * request function with neither argument nor return value.
> + * @name: Name of the generated function.
> + * @spec: Specification (&struct ssam_request_spec_md) defining the request.
> + *
> + * Defines a function executing the synchronous SAM request specified by
> + * @spec, with the request having neither argument nor return value. Device
> + * specifying parameters are not hard-coded, but instead are provided via the
> + * client device, specifically its UID, supplied when calling this function.
> + * The generated function takes care of setting up the request struct, buffer
> + * allocation, as well as execution of the request itself, returning once the
> + * request has been fully completed. The required transport buffer will be
> + * allocated on the stack.
> + *
> + * The generated function is defined as ``int name(struct ssam_device *sdev)``,
> + * returning the status of the request, which is zero on success and negative
> + * on failure. The ``sdev`` parameter specifies both the target device of the
> + * request and by association the controller via which the request is sent.
> + *
> + * Refer to ssam_request_sync_onstack() for more details on the behavior of
> + * the generated function.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_CL_N(name, spec...)			\
> +	SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_MD_N(__raw_##name, spec)		\
> +	int name(struct ssam_device *sdev)				\
> +	{								\
> +		return __raw_##name(sdev->ctrl, sdev->uid.target,	\
> +				    sdev->uid.instance);		\
> +	}
> +
> +/**
> + * SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_CL_W() - Define synchronous client-device SAM
> + * request function with argument.
> + * @name:  Name of the generated function.
> + * @atype: Type of the request's argument.
> + * @spec:  Specification (&struct ssam_request_spec_md) defining the request.
> + *
> + * Defines a function executing the synchronous SAM request specified by
> + * @spec, with the request taking an argument of type @atype and having no
> + * return value. Device specifying parameters are not hard-coded, but instead
> + * are provided via the client device, specifically its UID, supplied when
> + * calling this function. The generated function takes care of setting up the
> + * request struct, buffer allocation, as well as execution of the request
> + * itself, returning once the request has been fully completed. The required
> + * transport buffer will be allocated on the stack.
> + *
> + * The generated function is defined as ``int name(struct ssam_device *sdev,
> + * const atype *arg)``, returning the status of the request, which is zero on
> + * success and negative on failure. The ``sdev`` parameter specifies both the
> + * target device of the request and by association the controller via which
> + * the request is sent. The request's argument is specified via the ``arg``
> + * pointer.
> + *
> + * Refer to ssam_request_sync_onstack() for more details on the behavior of
> + * the generated function.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_CL_W(name, atype, spec...)		\
> +	SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_MD_W(__raw_##name, atype, spec)	\
> +	int name(struct ssam_device *sdev, const atype *arg)		\
> +	{								\
> +		return __raw_##name(sdev->ctrl, sdev->uid.target,	\
> +				    sdev->uid.instance, arg);		\
> +	}
> +
> +/**
> + * SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_CL_R() - Define synchronous client-device SAM
> + * request function with return value.
> + * @name:  Name of the generated function.
> + * @rtype: Type of the request's return value.
> + * @spec:  Specification (&struct ssam_request_spec_md) defining the request.
> + *
> + * Defines a function executing the synchronous SAM request specified by
> + * @spec, with the request taking no argument but having a return value of
> + * type @rtype. Device specifying parameters are not hard-coded, but instead
> + * are provided via the client device, specifically its UID, supplied when
> + * calling this function. The generated function takes care of setting up the
> + * request struct, buffer allocation, as well as execution of the request
> + * itself, returning once the request has been fully completed. The required
> + * transport buffer will be allocated on the stack.
> + *
> + * The generated function is defined as ``int name(struct ssam_device *sdev,
> + * rtype *ret)``, returning the status of the request, which is zero on
> + * success and negative on failure. The ``sdev`` parameter specifies both the
> + * target device of the request and by association the controller via which
> + * the request is sent. The request's return value is written to the memory
> + * pointed to by the ``ret`` parameter.
> + *
> + * Refer to ssam_request_sync_onstack() for more details on the behavior of
> + * the generated function.
> + */
> +#define SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_CL_R(name, rtype, spec...)		\
> +	SSAM_DEFINE_SYNC_REQUEST_MD_R(__raw_##name, rtype, spec)	\
> +	int name(struct ssam_device *sdev, rtype *ret)			\
> +	{								\
> +		return __raw_##name(sdev->ctrl, sdev->uid.target,	\
> +				    sdev->uid.instance, ret);		\
> +	}
> +
> +#endif /* _LINUX_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_DEVICE_H */
> diff --git a/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c b/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c
> index 27007c18e754..4339377ad929 100644
> --- a/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c
> +++ b/scripts/mod/devicetable-offsets.c
> @@ -243,5 +243,13 @@ int main(void)
>  	DEVID(mhi_device_id);
>  	DEVID_FIELD(mhi_device_id, chan);
> 
> +	DEVID(ssam_device_id);
> +	DEVID_FIELD(ssam_device_id, match_flags);
> +	DEVID_FIELD(ssam_device_id, domain);
> +	DEVID_FIELD(ssam_device_id, category);
> +	DEVID_FIELD(ssam_device_id, target);
> +	DEVID_FIELD(ssam_device_id, instance);
> +	DEVID_FIELD(ssam_device_id, function);
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
> diff --git a/scripts/mod/file2alias.c b/scripts/mod/file2alias.c
> index 2417dd1dee33..5b79fdc42641 100644
> --- a/scripts/mod/file2alias.c
> +++ b/scripts/mod/file2alias.c
> @@ -1368,6 +1368,28 @@ static int do_mhi_entry(const char *filename, void *symval, char *alias)
>  	return 1;
>  }
> 
> +/*
> + * Looks like: ssam:dNcNtNiNfN
> + *
> + * N is exactly 2 digits, where each is an upper-case hex digit.
> + */
> +static int do_ssam_entry(const char *filename, void *symval, char *alias)
> +{
> +	DEF_FIELD(symval, ssam_device_id, match_flags);
> +	DEF_FIELD(symval, ssam_device_id, domain);
> +	DEF_FIELD(symval, ssam_device_id, category);
> +	DEF_FIELD(symval, ssam_device_id, target);
> +	DEF_FIELD(symval, ssam_device_id, instance);
> +	DEF_FIELD(symval, ssam_device_id, function);
> +
> +	sprintf(alias, "ssam:d%02Xc%02X", domain, category);
> +	ADD(alias, "t", match_flags & SSAM_MATCH_TARGET, target);
> +	ADD(alias, "i", match_flags & SSAM_MATCH_INSTANCE, instance);
> +	ADD(alias, "f", match_flags & SSAM_MATCH_FUNCTION, function);
> +
> +	return 1;
> +}
> +
>  /* Does namelen bytes of name exactly match the symbol? */
>  static bool sym_is(const char *name, unsigned namelen, const char *symbol)
>  {
> @@ -1442,6 +1464,7 @@ static const struct devtable devtable[] = {
>  	{"tee", SIZE_tee_client_device_id, do_tee_entry},
>  	{"wmi", SIZE_wmi_device_id, do_wmi_entry},
>  	{"mhi", SIZE_mhi_device_id, do_mhi_entry},
> +	{"ssam", SIZE_ssam_device_id, do_ssam_entry},
>  };
> 
>  /* Create MODULE_ALIAS() statements.
> --
> 2.29.2
> 

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