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Date:   Wed, 16 Dec 2020 12:13:04 +0900
From:   Tomasz Figa <tfiga@...omium.org>
To:     Helen Koike <helen.koike@...labora.com>
Cc:     Hans Verkuil <hverkuil@...all.nl>,
        Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...nel.org>,
        Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@...co.com>,
        Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@...asonboard.com>,
        Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@....fi>,
        Linux Media Mailing List <linux-media@...r.kernel.org>,
        Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@...labora.com>,
        Hirokazu Honda <hiroh@...omium.org>,
        Nicolas Dufresne <nicolas@...fresne.ca>,
        Brian Starkey <Brian.Starkey@....com>, kernel@...labora.com,
        Neil Armstrong <narmstrong@...libre.com>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Fritz Koenig <frkoenig@...omium.org>,
        Maxime Jourdan <mjourdan@...libre.com>,
        Stanimir Varbanov <stanimir.varbanov@...aro.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 2/7] media: v4l2: Add extended buffer operations

On Tue, Dec 15, 2020 at 11:37 PM Helen Koike <helen.koike@...labora.com> wrote:
>
> Hi Tomasz,
>
> On 12/14/20 7:46 AM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
> > On Fri, Dec 4, 2020 at 4:52 AM Helen Koike <helen.koike@...labora.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Hi,
> >>
> >> Please see my 2 points below (about v4l2_ext_buffer and another about timestamp).
> >>
> >> On 12/3/20 12:11 PM, Hans Verkuil wrote:
> >>> On 23/11/2020 18:40, Helen Koike wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> On 11/23/20 12:46 PM, Tomasz Figa wrote:
> >>>>> On Tue, Nov 24, 2020 at 12:08 AM Helen Koike <helen.koike@...labora.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Hi Hans,
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Thank you for your review.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> On 9/9/20 9:27 AM, Hans Verkuil wrote:
> >>>>>>> Hi Helen,
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Again I'm just reviewing the uAPI.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> On 04/08/2020 21:29, Helen Koike wrote:
> >>>>>>>> From: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@...co.com>
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Those extended buffer ops have several purpose:
> >>>>>>>> 1/ Fix y2038 issues by converting the timestamp into an u64 counting
> >>>>>>>>    the number of ns elapsed since 1970
> >>>>>>>> 2/ Unify single/multiplanar handling
> >>>>>>>> 3/ Add a new start offset field to each v4l2 plane buffer info struct
> >>>>>>>>    to support the case where a single buffer object is storing all
> >>>>>>>>    planes data, each one being placed at a different offset
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> New hooks are created in v4l2_ioctl_ops so that drivers can start using
> >>>>>>>> these new objects.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> The core takes care of converting new ioctls requests to old ones
> >>>>>>>> if the driver does not support the new hooks, and vice versa.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Note that the timecode field is gone, since there doesn't seem to be
> >>>>>>>> in-kernel users. We can be added back in the reserved area if needed or
> >>>>>>>> use the Request API to collect more metadata information from the
> >>>>>>>> frame.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@...co.com>
> >>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@...labora.com>
> >>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Helen Koike <helen.koike@...labora.com>
> >>>>>>>> ---
> >>>>>>>> Changes in v5:
> >>>>>>>> - migrate memory from v4l2_ext_buffer to v4l2_ext_plane
> >>>>>>>> - return mem_offset to struct v4l2_ext_plane
> >>>>>>>> - change sizes and reorder fields to avoid holes in the struct and make
> >>>>>>>>   it the same for 32 and 64 bits
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Changes in v4:
> >>>>>>>> - Use v4l2_ext_pix_format directly in the ioctl, drop v4l2_ext_format,
> >>>>>>>> making V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_[OUTPUT,CAPTURE] the only valid types.
> >>>>>>>> - Drop VIDIOC_EXT_EXPBUF, since the only difference from VIDIOC_EXPBUF
> >>>>>>>> was that with VIDIOC_EXT_EXPBUF we could export multiple planes at once.
> >>>>>>>> I think we can add this later, so I removed it from this RFC to simplify it.
> >>>>>>>> - Remove num_planes field from struct v4l2_ext_buffer
> >>>>>>>> - Add flags field to struct v4l2_ext_create_buffers
> >>>>>>>> - Reformulate struct v4l2_ext_plane
> >>>>>>>> - Fix some bugs caught by v4l2-compliance
> >>>>>>>> - Rebased on top of media/master (post 5.8-rc1)
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Changes in v3:
> >>>>>>>> - Rebased on top of media/master (post 5.4-rc1)
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> Changes in v2:
> >>>>>>>> - Add reserved space to v4l2_ext_buffer so that new fields can be added
> >>>>>>>>   later on
> >>>>>>>> ---
> >>>>>>>>  drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-dev.c   |  29 ++-
> >>>>>>>>  drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ioctl.c | 353 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> >>>>>>>>  include/media/v4l2-ioctl.h           |  26 ++
> >>>>>>>>  include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h       |  90 +++++++
> >>>>>>>>  4 files changed, 476 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> <snip>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h b/include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h
> >>>>>>>> index 7123c6a4d9569..334cafdd2be97 100644
> >>>>>>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h
> >>>>>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/videodev2.h
> >>>>>>>> @@ -996,6 +996,41 @@ struct v4l2_plane {
> >>>>>>>>      __u32                   reserved[11];
> >>>>>>>>  };
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +/**
> >>>>>>>> + * struct v4l2_ext_plane - extended plane buffer info
> >>>>>>>> + * @buffer_length:  size of the entire buffer in bytes, should fit
> >>>>>>>> + *                  @offset + @plane_length
> >>>>>>>> + * @plane_length:   size of the plane in bytes.
> >>>>>>>> + * @mem_offset:             If V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP is used, then it can be a "cookie"
> >>>>>>>> + *                  that should be passed to mmap() called on the video node.
> >>>>>>>> + * @userptr:                when memory is V4L2_MEMORY_USERPTR, a userspace pointer pointing
> >>>>>>>> + *                  to this plane.
> >>>>>>>> + * @dmabuf_fd:              when memory is V4L2_MEMORY_DMABUF, a userspace file descriptor
> >>>>>>>> + *                  associated with this plane.
> >>>>>>>> + * @offset:         offset in the memory buffer where the plane starts.
> >>>>>>>> + * @memory:         enum v4l2_memory; the method, in which the actual video
> >>>>>>>> + *                  data is passed
> >>>>>>>> + * @reserved:               extra space reserved for future fields, must be set to 0.
> >>>>>>>> + *
> >>>>>>>> + *
> >>>>>>>> + * Buffers consist of one or more planes, e.g. an YCbCr buffer with two planes
> >>>>>>>> + * can have one plane for Y, and another for interleaved CbCr components.
> >>>>>>>> + * Each plane can reside in a separate memory buffer, or even in
> >>>>>>>> + * a completely separate memory node (e.g. in embedded devices).
> >>>>>>>> + */
> >>>>>>>> +struct v4l2_ext_plane {
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 buffer_length;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 plane_length;
> >>>>>>>> +    union {
> >>>>>>>> +            __u32 mem_offset;
> >>>>>>>> +            __u64 userptr;
> >>>>>>>> +            __s32 dmabuf_fd;
> >>>>>>>> +    } m;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 offset;
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> I'd rename this plane_offset. I think some reordering would make this struct easier
> >>>>>>> to understand:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> struct v4l2_ext_plane {
> >>>>>>>       __u32 buffer_length;
> >>>>>>>       __u32 plane_offset;
> >>>>>>>       __u32 plane_length;
> >>>>>>>       __u32 memory;
> >>>>>>>       union {
> >>>>>>>               __u32 mem_offset;
> >>>>>>>               __u64 userptr;
> >>>>>>>               __s32 dmabuf_fd;
> >>>>>>>       } m;
> >>>>>>>       __u32 reserved[4];
> >>>>>>> };
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 memory;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 reserved[4];
> >>>>>>>> +};
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Ok, I'll apply this to the next version.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> What is not clear is how to tell the different between a single buffer containing
> >>>>>>> multiple planes, and using a separate buffer per plane. E.g. what would this look
> >>>>>>> like for V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420, V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420M and a theoretical variant of
> >>>>>>> V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420M where the luma plane has its own buffer and the two chroma
> >>>>>>> planes are also combined in a single buffer?
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> I would guess that the m union is set to 0 if the plane is part of the buffer
> >>>>>>> defined in the previous plane?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> The difference would be if m are equal or differ between planes, example:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> For V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>     Y:
> >>>>>>         plane_offset = 0
> >>>>>>         m.dmabuf_fd = 3
> >>>>>>     Cb:
> >>>>>>         plane_offset = 300
> >>>>>>         m.dmabuf_fd = 3
> >>>>>>     Cr:
> >>>>>>         plane_offset = 375
> >>>>>>         m.dmabuf_fd = 3
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> For V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420M:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>     Y:
> >>>>>>         plane_offset = 0
> >>>>>>         m.dmabuf_fd = 4
> >>>>>>     Cb:
> >>>>>>         plane_offset = 0
> >>>>>>         m.dmabuf_fd = 5
> >>>>>>     Cr:
> >>>>>>         plane_offset = 0
> >>>>>>         m.dmabuf_fd = 6
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Does it make sense?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Actually all the 3 file descriptors can still point to the same
> >>>>> buffer, because they might have been dup()ed. The kernel needs to
> >>>>> resolve the file descriptors into struct dma_buf and then check
> >>>>> whether it's one or more buffers.
> >>>>
> >>>> Right, thanks for this.
> >>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> In fact, dup()ed FD for each plane is quite a common case in other
> >>>>> APIs, e.g. EGL, but current V4L2 API can't handle it. In Chromium we
> >>>>> basically work around it by assuming that if we receive a buffer for a
> >>>>> V4L2 device that only supports non-M formats, then we can safely
> >>>>> ignore all but first FD. The new API gives the ability to handle the
> >>>>> case properly, with full validation by the kernel.
> >>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +
> >>>>>>>>  /**
> >>>>>>>>   * struct v4l2_buffer - video buffer info
> >>>>>>>>   * @index:  id number of the buffer
> >>>>>>>> @@ -1057,6 +1092,33 @@ struct v4l2_buffer {
> >>>>>>>>      };
> >>>>>>>>  };
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +/**
> >>>>>>>> + * struct v4l2_ext_buffer - extended video buffer info
> >>>>>>>> + * @index:  id number of the buffer
> >>>>>>>> + * @type:   V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE or V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT
> >>>>>>>> + * @flags:  buffer informational flags
> >>>>>>>> + * @field:  enum v4l2_field; field order of the image in the buffer
> >>>>>>>> + * @timestamp:      frame timestamp
> >>>>>>>> + * @sequence:       sequence count of this frame
> >>>>>>>> + * @planes: per-plane buffer information
> >>>>>>>> + * @request_fd:     fd of the request that this buffer should use
> >>>>>>>> + * @reserved:       extra space reserved for future fields, must be set to 0
> >>>>>>>> + *
> >>>>>>>> + * Contains data exchanged by application and driver using one of the Streaming
> >>>>>>>> + * I/O methods.
> >>>>>>>> + */
> >>>>>>>> +struct v4l2_ext_buffer {
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 index;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 type;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 field;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 sequence;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u64 flags;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u64 timestamp;
> >>>>>>>> +    struct v4l2_ext_plane planes[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
> >>
> >> I would like your opinion on the following:
> >>
> >> We have two concepts here
> >> * memory buffers (that belongs to a frame buffer object aka v4l2_ext_buffer)
> >> * color components/planes (that we need to indicate to userspace where the planes
> >>   are located, which buffer and which offset inside the buffer).
> >>
> >> A v4l2_ext_buffer can be reused to a different format if it fits the image
> >> (which is checked in QBUF time, by .buf_prepare() callback).
> >>
> >> Which means that, the information regarding where each color component is placed
> >> just make sense after the buffer is queued.
> >>
> >> So if userspace calls EXT_QUERYBUF, and the buffer isn't queued, the color component
> >> information doesn't make sense.
> >>
> >> One option is to fill in the plane information according to the current
> >> configured format, but only the information returned from EXT_QBUF is guaranteed
> >> to be the correct one.
> >>
> >> Another options is to split struct v4l2_ext_plane in two:
> >>
> >> struct v4l2_ext_membuffer {
> >>         __u32 memory;
> >>         union {
> >>                 __u32 mmap_offset;
> >>                 __u64 userptr;
> >>                 __s32 dmabuf_fd;
> >>         } m;
> >>         _u32 buffer_length;
> >> }
> >>
> >> struct v4l2_ext_plane {
> >>         /*
> >>          * memory buffer where this plane belongs, index is the position in of
> >>          * membuffers[] in struct v4l2_ext_buffer below
> >>          */
> >>         unsigned int membuf_index;
> >>         _u32 plane_length;
> >>         _u32 plane_offset;
> >> }
> >>
> >> Then we would have
> >>
> >> struct v4l2_ext_buffer {
> >>         ... <snip>
> >>         struct v4l2_ext_membuffer membuffers[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
> >>         struct v4l2_ext_plane planes[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
> >>         ... <snip>
> >> }
> >>
> >> Where planes would only be filled by the core only if the buffer is
> >> queued (i.e. "locked" to a given format).
> >>
> >> This also avoids having several planes with different dmabuf_fd that are dup()ed,
> >> since we'll have an entry per memory buffer.
> >> Which also avoids the following:
> >> If we are working with a single membuf for all planes for instance, vb2 would need
> >> to know how many planes (let's say there are 3) and repeat the mem buffer information
> >> 3 times, and if userspace changes to a pixelformat with 2 color components, we would
> >> repeat 2 times with the same information. And we wouldn't have this issue
> >> if we split both information.
> >>
> >> I was also assuming that once the buffer is queued, userspace can't modify
> >> the configured format (I need to check this, but make sense to me due to how
> >> .buf_prepare() works).
> >>
> >> What do you think? Does it make sense?
> >>
> >
> > How about making querybuf have its own structure that describes only
> > the buffer, as it is allocated? I.e.
>
> Make sense to me to add a struct v4l2_ext_mmap_querybuf, so we don't need
> to inform color information in this ioctl.
>
> We still need a way to tell which memory buffer a color plane was placed.
>
> I believe this must be in v4l2_ext_buffer, since userspace needs to know
> on DQBUF time where to find each plane/color component.
>
> So we need a way to enumerate memory buffers, and have planes pointing
> to them in someway.
>
> Just to be clear, the way I'm seeing this is:
> A buffer object can be composed by one or more memory buffers (membufs).
> Color planes can be placed randomly in any memory buffer, drivers (capture)
> and userspace (output) will decide where these planes will be placed.
>
> Or this doesn't make sense and we can assume that or all planes will be placed
> in a single memory buffer, or each will be placed in a different memory buffer?
> To avoid cases where we have 2 membufs and 3 planes?
>

We have two cases here:

1) MMAP - the placement of color planes is controlled by the kernel.
In practice, we've ever had only 2 cases:
    a) for non-M formats all the color planes go to the same memory buffer,
    b) for M formats, each color plane has its own memory buffer.

2) DMA-buf and userptr - the placement is fully controlled by the application.

Would it make sense to just define the behavior of MMAP buffers as per
the two cases, 1a and 1b, above and get rid of memory buffer
information from DQBUF?

> Note: we probably should standardize terminology through the docs, structs
>       and functions to differentiate color planes, memory buffer and buffer
>       objects.

Note that the existing terminology is: color planes, memory planes and
buffers. I think it might be desirable to preserve it to avoid further
confusion with all the old and new terms mixing with each other.

>
> >
> > struct v4l2_ext_mmap_plane {
>
> I would rename this to v4l2_ext_mmap_membuf to not confuse with color planes.
>
> >         __u32 mmap_offset;
> >         __u32 length;
> > }
> >
> > struct v4l2_ext_querybuf {
>
> I would rename this to v4l2_ext_mmap_querybuf, since it only make
> sense to mmap, and the ioctl can be called VIDIOC_EXT_QUERY_MMAP_BUF,
> where it would return -EINVAL if the index is not a mmaped buffers.
>
> >         /* ... */
> >         struct v4l2_ext_mmap_plane planes[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
>
> Then:
>          struct v4l2_ext_mmap_membuf membufs[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
>
> > };
> >
> > Moreover, the ioctl would be only valid if the queue is operating in
> > MMAP mode, because otherwise it doesn't provide any useful information
> > - the userspace should already know what userptr or DMA-buf was
> > associated with the buffer. In fact, returning the DMA-buf FD from
> > QBUF time is confusing, because the userspace code might have already
> > closed that FD (it can rely on other way of referencing the buffer).
>
> so I guess we should zero those fields in QBUF.
>

Do you mean DQBUF?

> >
> > WDYT?
>
> Please check my proposal below and see what you think.
>
>
> For DMA-buf and Userptr
> -----------------------
> userspace performs EXT_CREATE_BUF ioctl to reserve a buffer "index" range in
> that mode, to be used in EXT_QBUF and EXT_DQBUF
>
> On EXT_QBUF, userspace must tell the driver about existent memory buffers and the
> corresponding DMA-fd or Userptr.
>
> Capture: driver fills plane information, informing in which memory buffer each plane
>          was placed (Or should this be pre-determined by userspace?)

This has to be fully controlled by the userspace, since it's the
userspace that allocates the buffers and has its own expectations
about their layout.

>
> Output: userspace fills plane information, informing in which memory buffer each
>         plane was placed (Or should this be pre-determined by the driver?)
>
> For MMAP
> -----------------------
> userspace performs EXT_CREATE_BUF ioctl to reserve a buffer "index" range in
> that mode, to be used in EXT_QBUF and EXT_DQBUF
>
> Should the API allow userspace to select how many memory buffers it wants?
> (maybe not)

I think it does allow that - it accepts the v4l2_ext_format struct.

>
> userspace performs EXT_QUERY_MMAP_BUF to get the mmap offset/cookie and length
> for each memory buffer.
>
> On EXT_QBUF, userspace doesn't need to fill membuf information. Should the
> mmap offset and length be filled by the kernel and returned to userspace here
> as well? I'm leaning towards: no.

Yeah, based on my comment above, I think the answer should be no.

>
> If the answer is no, then here is my proposal:
> ----------------------------------------------
>
> /* If MMAP, drivers decide how many memory buffers to allocate */
> int ioctl( int fd, VIDIOC_EXT_CREATE_BUFS, struct v4l2_ext_buffer *argp )
>
> /* Returns -EINVAL if not MMAP */
> int ioctl( int fd, VIDIOC_EXT_MMAP_QUERYBUF, struct v4l2_ext_mmap_querybuf *argp )
>
> /* userspace fills v4l2_ext_buffer.membufs if DMA-fd or Userptr, leave it zero for MMAP
>  * Should userspace also fill v4l2_ext_buffer.planes?
>  */
> int ioctl( int fd, VIDIOC_EXT_QBUF, struct v4l2_ext_buffer *argp )
>
> /* v4l2_ext_buffer.membufs is set to zero by the driver */
> int ioctl( int fd, VIDIOC_EXT_DBUF, struct v4l2_ext_buffer *argp )
>
> (I omitted reserved fields below)
>
> struct v4l2_ext_create_buffers {
>         __u32                           index;
>         __u32                           count;
>         __u32                           memory;
>         __u32                           capabilities;
>         struct v4l2_ext_pix_format      format;
> };
>
> struct v4l2_ext_mmap_membuf {
>         __u32 offset;
>         __u32 length;
> }
>
> struct v4l2_ext_mmap_querybuf {
>         __u32 index;
>         struct v4l2_ext_mmap_membuf membufs[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
> }
>
> struct v4l2_ext_membuf {
>         __u32 memory;
>         union {
>                 __u64 userptr;
>                 __s32 dmabuf_fd;
>         } m;
>         // Can't we just remove the union and "memory" field, and the non-zero
>         // is the one we should use?

I think that would lead to an equivalent result in this case. That
said, I'm not sure if there would be any significant enough benefit to
justify moving away from the current convention. Having the memory
field might also make the structure a bit less error prone, e.g.
resilient to missing memset().

> };
>
> struct v4l2_ext_plane {
>         __u32 membuf_index;
>         __u32 offset;
>         __u32 bytesused;
> };
>
> struct v4l2_ext_buffer {
>         __u32 index;
>         __u32 type;
>         __u32 field;
>         __u32 sequence;
>         __u64 flags;
>         __u64 timestamp;
>         struct v4l2_ext_membuf membufs[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
>         struct v4l2_ext_plane planes[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];

Do we actually need this split into membufs and planes here? After
all, all we want to pass to the kernel here is in what buffer the
plane is in.

struct v4l2_ext_plane {
        __u32 memory;
        union {
                __u32 membuf_index;
                __u64 userptr;
                __s32 dmabuf_fd;
        } m;
        __u32 offset;
        __u32 bytesused;
};

Also, we might not even need membuf_index, if we strictly define the
color plane placement for MMAP as per my comment above.

Best regards,
Tomasz

>         __s32 request_fd;
> };
>
>
> Thanks,
> Helen
>
> >
> > Best regards.
> > Tomasz
> >
> >>
> >>>>>>>> +    __s32 request_fd;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 reserved[9];
> >>>>>>>> +};
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Brainstorming:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Some ideas I have to make it easier to support mid stream resolution/colorimetry
> >>>>>>> changes:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Adding width and height would support resolution changes (requires the use of
> >>>>>>> CREATE_BUFS to ensure the allocated buffers are large enough, of course). If that
> >>>>>>> information is provided here, then there are no race conditions.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Same for adding the colorimetry fields here, this too can change on the fly (esp.
> >>>>>>> with HDMI), so reporting this information here avoids race conditions as well.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Right, do you think this is something we can discuss later in a different RFC?
> >>>>>> So we can have a better view on how dynamic resolution change would be used?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> We can add more reserved fields or maybe try to do something to what has been
> >>>>>> discussed in about extensible system calls [1]
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> [1] https://lwn.net/Articles/830666/
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> And thirdly, I would like to have a __u64 boot_timestamp field containing the
> >>>>>>> CLOCK_BOOTTIME of when the vb2_buffer_done() was called. The problem with 'timestamp'
> >>>>>>> is that for m2m devices it is just copied and that for other devices it can have
> >>>>>>> different meanings depending on the timestamp buffer flags.
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> There also have been requests for CLOCK_BOOTTIME support, so this might be a good time
> >>>>>>> to add support for this. That way you know exactly when the driver was finished with
> >>>>>>> the buffer and that helps in detecting missed frames or instrumentation.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> I don't mind adding it. Does it make sense to have both timestamp and boot_timestamp?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> I think this is quite independent from the ext API work. AFAIR there
> >>>>> was an RFC to request the timestamp source from the userspace by the
> >>>>> flags field in QBUF, which would work with the existing API as well,
> >>>>> or it wasn't posted in the end?
> >>>
> >>> It's not about selecting a specific clock source. I think that option 4 as described
> >>> below would work for that.
> >>>
> >>> This problem I'm describing here is specific to m2m devices where the timestamp is
> >>> either just passed through untouched, or it is used as an identifier for a buffer
> >>> for use with stateless decoders.
> >>>
> >>> In both cases you cannot use the timestamp as a proper timestamp that tells you when
> >>> the buffer was marked done by the driver. So this is about adding a second timestamp
> >>> field (timestamp_done or something like that). Whether this would be hardcoded as using
> >>> CLOCK_BOOTTIME or uses the same clock source as selected through a control is something
> >>> that can be discussed, but since it does require a new field I believe this is part of
> >>> this proposal.
> >>
> >> I'm probably lacking m2m knowledge here.
> >> timestamp_done would be when the driver set the buffer as done, what about the other timestamp?
> >> I would like to rename it to make it clear what it means, maybe image_timestamp?
> >> Where, in a capture device, image_timestamp would be the timestamp from the hardware when
> >> it captured that specific frame, and in a decoder, it would be the timestamp of that frame
> >> when it got encoded?
> >> Is this correct?
> >>
> >> Thanks
> >> Helen
> >>
> >>>
> >>> Regards,
> >>>
> >>>       Hans
> >>>
> >>>>
> >>>> I was recalling the discussions we had regarding this:
> >>>>
> >>>> 1.
> >>>>     This first attempt in the uvc driver is to use a specific kernel parameter for that case:
> >>>>     https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10644887/
> >>>>     The conclusion that the support should be in the core API and not driver specific.
> >>>>
> >>>> 2.
> >>>>     Then an attempt to add global v4l2 support was sent with the Mediatek patch series:
> >>>>     https://patchwork.linuxtv.org/patch/60878/
> >>>>     The major problem is that clock type should be something selectable by userspace, and
> >>>>     not pre-defined by the driver.
> >>>>
> >>>> 3.
> >>>>     Another idea was to use the 'flags' field in the structs v4l2_requestbuffers and
> >>>>     v4l2_create_buffers.
> >>>>     But this field was removed in
> >>>>     129134e5415d ("media: media/v4l2: remove V4L2_FLAG_MEMORY_NON_CONSISTENT flag")
> >>>>     The major concern with this approach was with the uAPI, since it doesn't make much
> >>>>     sense to select a clock when creating buffers.
> >>>>
> >>>> 4.
> >>>>     Another suggestion by Nicolas Dufresne was to add this as a menu control so that userspace
> >>>>     can choose the clock for the timestamps from a given list, the enum in the list can also match
> >>>>     the clocks ids.
> >>>>     We would need to add a new buf flag in struct v4l2_buffer, like V4L2_BUF_FLAG_TIMESTAMP_OTHER,
> >>>>     which would be "as specified through controls ...."
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> So my current question is, should we have both __u32 timestamp and __u32 boottimestamp?
> >>>> Or should we have a mechanism that allows switching from one to the other and use
> >>>> a single field? And if this mechanism should be implemented in both APIs? Can this be
> >>>> defined later?
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> Please, let me know your thoughts.
> >>>>
> >>>> Thanks,
> >>>> Helen
> >>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +
> >>>>>>>>  #ifndef __KERNEL__
> >>>>>>>>  /**
> >>>>>>>>   * v4l2_timeval_to_ns - Convert timeval to nanoseconds
> >>>>>>>> @@ -2523,6 +2585,29 @@ struct v4l2_create_buffers {
> >>>>>>>>      __u32                   reserved[6];
> >>>>>>>>  };
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +/**
> >>>>>>>> + * struct v4l2_ext_create_buffers - VIDIOC_EXT_CREATE_BUFS argument
> >>>>>>>> + * @index:  on return, index of the first created buffer
> >>>>>>>> + * @count:  entry: number of requested buffers,
> >>>>>>>> + *          return: number of created buffers
> >>>>>>>> + * @memory: enum v4l2_memory; buffer memory type
> >>>>>>>> + * @capabilities: capabilities of this buffer type.
> >>>>>>>> + * @format: frame format, for which buffers are requested
> >>>>>>>> + * @flags:  additional buffer management attributes (ignored unless the
> >>>>>>>> + *          queue has V4L2_BUF_CAP_SUPPORTS_MMAP_CACHE_HINTS capability
> >>>>>>>> + *          and configured for MMAP streaming I/O).
> >>>>>>>> + * @reserved:       extra space reserved for future fields, must be set to 0
> >>>>>>>> + */
> >>>>>>>> +struct v4l2_ext_create_buffers {
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32                           index;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32                           count;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32                           memory;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32                           capabilities;
> >>>>>>>> +    struct v4l2_ext_pix_format      format;
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> The reality is that the only field that is ever used in the original v4l2_format
> >>>>>>> struct is sizeimage. So this can be replaced with:
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>       __u32                           plane_size[VIDEO_MAX_PLANES];
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> (the field name I picked is debatable, but you get the idea)
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> The main purpose of CREATE_BUFS is to add new buffers with larger sizes than
> >>>>>>> is needed for the current format. The original idea of using struct v4l2_format
> >>>>>>> was that drivers would use the full format information to calculate the
> >>>>>>> memory size, but that was just much too complicated to implement and nobody
> >>>>>>> ever used that. Only the sizeimage field was ever used.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Right, I'll update this in next version, This should simplify things.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> I think this might need a bit more discussion. How would the userspace
> >>>>> know what size is enough for the desired resolution? The hardware
> >>>>> and/or drivers often have various alignment/padding restrictions,
> >>>>> which might not be easy to guess for the userspace.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Also I don't quite understand what's so complicated in handling the
> >>>>> full format, or at least the most important parts of it. The
> >>>>> implementation of TRY_FMT/S_FMT, which exists in every driver, should
> >>>>> already be able to calculate the right plane sizes.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Best regards,
> >>>>> Tomasz
> >>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Thanks,
> >>>>>> Helen
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32                           flags;
> >>>>>>>> +    __u32 reserved[5];
> >>>>>>>> +};
> >>>>>>>> +
> >>>>>>>>  /*
> >>>>>>>>   *  I O C T L   C O D E S   F O R   V I D E O   D E V I C E S
> >>>>>>>>   *
> >>>>>>>> @@ -2626,6 +2711,11 @@ struct v4l2_create_buffers {
> >>>>>>>>  #define VIDIOC_G_EXT_PIX_FMT        _IOWR('V', 104, struct v4l2_ext_pix_format)
> >>>>>>>>  #define VIDIOC_S_EXT_PIX_FMT        _IOWR('V', 105, struct v4l2_ext_pix_format)
> >>>>>>>>  #define VIDIOC_TRY_EXT_PIX_FMT      _IOWR('V', 106, struct v4l2_ext_pix_format)
> >>>>>>>> +#define VIDIOC_EXT_CREATE_BUFS      _IOWR('V', 107, struct v4l2_ext_create_buffers)
> >>>>>>>> +#define VIDIOC_EXT_QUERYBUF _IOWR('V', 108, struct v4l2_ext_buffer)
> >>>>>>>> +#define VIDIOC_EXT_QBUF             _IOWR('V', 109, struct v4l2_ext_buffer)
> >>>>>>>> +#define VIDIOC_EXT_DQBUF    _IOWR('V', 110, struct v4l2_ext_buffer)
> >>>>>>>> +#define VIDIOC_EXT_PREPARE_BUF      _IOWR('V', 111, struct v4l2_ext_buffer)
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>  /* Reminder: when adding new ioctls please add support for them to
> >>>>>>>>     drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-compat-ioctl32.c as well! */
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Regards,
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>       Hans
> >>>>>>>
> >>>
> >

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