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Date:   Wed, 16 Dec 2020 09:44:01 +0100
From:   SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.com>
To:     <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
CC:     SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.de>, <Jonathan.Cameron@...wei.com>,
        <aarcange@...hat.com>, <acme@...nel.org>,
        <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>, <amit@...nel.org>,
        <benh@...nel.crashing.org>, <brendan.d.gregg@...il.com>,
        <brendanhiggins@...gle.com>, <cai@....pw>,
        <colin.king@...onical.com>, <corbet@....net>, <david@...hat.com>,
        <dwmw@...zon.com>, <elver@...gle.com>, <fan.du@...el.com>,
        <foersleo@...zon.de>, <gthelen@...gle.com>, <irogers@...gle.com>,
        <jolsa@...hat.com>, <kirill@...temov.name>, <mark.rutland@....com>,
        <mgorman@...e.de>, <minchan@...nel.org>, <mingo@...hat.com>,
        <namhyung@...nel.org>, <peterz@...radead.org>,
        <rdunlap@...radead.org>, <riel@...riel.com>, <rientjes@...gle.com>,
        <rostedt@...dmis.org>, <rppt@...nel.org>, <sblbir@...zon.com>,
        <shakeelb@...gle.com>, <shuah@...nel.org>, <sj38.park@...il.com>,
        <snu@...zon.de>, <vbabka@...e.cz>, <vdavydov.dev@...il.com>,
        <yang.shi@...ux.alibaba.com>, <ying.huang@...el.com>,
        <zgf574564920@...il.com>, <linux-damon@...zon.com>,
        <linux-mm@...ck.org>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: [RFC v15.1 5/8] mm/damon/schemes: Implement statistics feature

From: SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.de>

To tune the DAMON-based operation schemes, knowing how many and how
large regions are affected by each of the schemes will be helful.  Those
stats could be used for not only the tuning, but also monitoring of the
working set size and the number of regions, if the scheme does not
change the program behavior too much.

For the reason, this commit implements the statistics for the schemes.
The total number and size of the regions that each scheme is applied are
exported to users via '->stat_count' and '->stat_sz' of 'struct damos'.
Admins can also check the number by reading 'schemes' debugfs file.  The
last two integers now represents the stats.  To allow collecting the
stats without changing the program behavior, this commit also adds new
scheme action, 'DAMOS_STAT'.  Note that 'DAMOS_STAT' is not only making
no memory operation actions, but also does not reset the age of regions.

Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.de>
---
 include/linux/damon.h | 10 +++++++++-
 mm/damon/core.c       |  7 ++++++-
 mm/damon/dbgfs.c      |  5 +++--
 mm/damon/vaddr.c      |  2 ++
 4 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/damon.h b/include/linux/damon.h
index 8988238cb29e..ed7e86207e53 100644
--- a/include/linux/damon.h
+++ b/include/linux/damon.h
@@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ struct damon_target {
  * @DAMOS_PAGEOUT:	Call ``madvise()`` for the region with MADV_PAGEOUT.
  * @DAMOS_HUGEPAGE:	Call ``madvise()`` for the region with MADV_HUGEPAGE.
  * @DAMOS_NOHUGEPAGE:	Call ``madvise()`` for the region with MADV_NOHUGEPAGE.
+ * @DAMOS_STAT:		Do nothing but count the stat.
  */
 enum damos_action {
 	DAMOS_WILLNEED,
@@ -83,6 +84,7 @@ enum damos_action {
 	DAMOS_PAGEOUT,
 	DAMOS_HUGEPAGE,
 	DAMOS_NOHUGEPAGE,
+	DAMOS_STAT,		/* Do nothing but only record the stat */
 };
 
 /**
@@ -94,9 +96,13 @@ enum damos_action {
  * @min_age_region:	Minimum age of target regions.
  * @max_age_region:	Maximum age of target regions.
  * @action:		&damo_action to be applied to the target regions.
+ * @stat_count:		Total number of regions that this scheme is applied.
+ * @stat_sz:		Total size of regions that this scheme is applied.
  * @list:		List head for siblings.
  *
- * Note that both the minimums and the maximums are inclusive.
+ * For each aggregation interval, DAMON applies @action to monitoring target
+ * regions fit in the condition and updates the statistics.  Note that both
+ * the minimums and the maximums are inclusive.
  */
 struct damos {
 	unsigned long min_sz_region;
@@ -106,6 +112,8 @@ struct damos {
 	unsigned int min_age_region;
 	unsigned int max_age_region;
 	enum damos_action action;
+	unsigned long stat_count;
+	unsigned long stat_sz;
 	struct list_head list;
 };
 
diff --git a/mm/damon/core.c b/mm/damon/core.c
index a4d33970ba4c..e339b79b23c7 100644
--- a/mm/damon/core.c
+++ b/mm/damon/core.c
@@ -99,6 +99,8 @@ struct damos *damon_new_scheme(
 	scheme->min_age_region = min_age_region;
 	scheme->max_age_region = max_age_region;
 	scheme->action = action;
+	scheme->stat_count = 0;
+	scheme->stat_sz = 0;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&scheme->list);
 
 	return scheme;
@@ -537,9 +539,12 @@ static void damon_do_apply_schemes(struct damon_ctx *c,
 			continue;
 		if (r->age < s->min_age_region || s->max_age_region < r->age)
 			continue;
+		s->stat_count++;
+		s->stat_sz += sz;
 		if (c->primitive.apply_scheme)
 			c->primitive.apply_scheme(c, t, r, s);
-		r->age = 0;
+		if (s->action != DAMOS_STAT)
+			r->age = 0;
 	}
 }
 
diff --git a/mm/damon/dbgfs.c b/mm/damon/dbgfs.c
index 10ce8e8786cb..06295c986dc3 100644
--- a/mm/damon/dbgfs.c
+++ b/mm/damon/dbgfs.c
@@ -227,11 +227,11 @@ static ssize_t sprint_schemes(struct damon_ctx *c, char *buf, ssize_t len)
 
 	damon_for_each_scheme(s, c) {
 		rc = scnprintf(&buf[written], len - written,
-				"%lu %lu %u %u %u %u %d\n",
+				"%lu %lu %u %u %u %u %d %lu %lu\n",
 				s->min_sz_region, s->max_sz_region,
 				s->min_nr_accesses, s->max_nr_accesses,
 				s->min_age_region, s->max_age_region,
-				s->action);
+				s->action, s->stat_count, s->stat_sz);
 		if (!rc)
 			return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -280,6 +280,7 @@ static bool damos_action_valid(int action)
 	case DAMOS_PAGEOUT:
 	case DAMOS_HUGEPAGE:
 	case DAMOS_NOHUGEPAGE:
+	case DAMOS_STAT:
 		return true;
 	default:
 		return false;
diff --git a/mm/damon/vaddr.c b/mm/damon/vaddr.c
index ebf4720c057a..2075f07f728b 100644
--- a/mm/damon/vaddr.c
+++ b/mm/damon/vaddr.c
@@ -619,6 +619,8 @@ int damon_va_apply_scheme(struct damon_ctx *ctx, struct damon_target *t,
 	case DAMOS_NOHUGEPAGE:
 		madv_action = MADV_NOHUGEPAGE;
 		break;
+	case DAMOS_STAT:
+		return 0;
 	default:
 		pr_warn("Wrong action %d\n", scheme->action);
 		return -EINVAL;
-- 
2.17.1

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