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Date:   Sat, 19 Dec 2020 21:42:45 -0800
From:   Can Guo <cang@...eaurora.org>
To:     asutoshd@...eaurora.org, nguyenb@...eaurora.org,
        hongwus@...eaurora.org, rnayak@...eaurora.org,
        linux-scsi@...r.kernel.org, kernel-team@...roid.com,
        saravanak@...gle.com, salyzyn@...gle.com, cang@...eaurora.org
Cc:     Alim Akhtar <alim.akhtar@...sung.com>,
        Avri Altman <avri.altman@....com>,
        "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@...ux.ibm.com>,
        "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@...cle.com>,
        Matthias Brugger <matthias.bgg@...il.com>,
        Stanley Chu <stanley.chu@...iatek.com>,
        Bean Huo <beanhuo@...ron.com>,
        Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@....org>,
        Satya Tangirala <satyat@...gle.com>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org (open list),
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org (moderated list:ARM/Mediatek SoC
        support),
        linux-mediatek@...ts.infradead.org (moderated list:ARM/Mediatek SoC
        support)
Subject: [PATCH v6 1/3] scsi: ufs: Protect some contexts from unexpected clock scaling

In contexts like suspend, shutdown and error handling, we need to suspend
devfreq to make sure these contexts won't be disturbed by clock scaling.
However, suspending devfreq is not enough since users can still trigger a
clock scaling by manipulating the sysfs node clkscale_enable and devfreq
sysfs nodes like min/max_freq and governor. Add one more flag in struct
clk_scaling such that these contexts can prevent clock scaling from being
invoked through above sysfs nodes.

Reviewed-by: Stanley Chu <stanley.chu@...iatek.com>
Reviewed-by: Bean Huo <beanhuo@...ron.com>
Signed-off-by: Can Guo <cang@...eaurora.org>
---
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h |  6 +++-
 2 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c
index 0c148fc..79752a7 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.c
@@ -1147,12 +1147,22 @@ static int ufshcd_clock_scaling_prepare(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 	 */
 	ufshcd_scsi_block_requests(hba);
 	down_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
-	if (ufshcd_wait_for_doorbell_clr(hba, DOORBELL_CLR_TOUT_US)) {
+
+	if (!hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
+		ret = -EAGAIN;
+	else if (ufshcd_wait_for_doorbell_clr(hba, DOORBELL_CLR_TOUT_US))
 		ret = -EBUSY;
+
+	if (ret) {
 		up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
 		ufshcd_scsi_unblock_requests(hba);
+		goto out;
 	}
 
+	/* let's not get into low power until clock scaling is completed */
+	ufshcd_hold(hba, false);
+
+out:
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -1160,6 +1170,7 @@ static void ufshcd_clock_scaling_unprepare(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 {
 	up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
 	ufshcd_scsi_unblock_requests(hba);
+	ufshcd_release(hba);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -1175,12 +1186,9 @@ static int ufshcd_devfreq_scale(struct ufs_hba *hba, bool scale_up)
 {
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	/* let's not get into low power until clock scaling is completed */
-	ufshcd_hold(hba, false);
-
 	ret = ufshcd_clock_scaling_prepare(hba);
 	if (ret)
-		goto out;
+		return ret;
 
 	/* scale down the gear before scaling down clocks */
 	if (!scale_up) {
@@ -1212,8 +1220,6 @@ static int ufshcd_devfreq_scale(struct ufs_hba *hba, bool scale_up)
 
 out_unprepare:
 	ufshcd_clock_scaling_unprepare(hba);
-out:
-	ufshcd_release(hba);
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -1487,7 +1493,7 @@ static ssize_t ufshcd_clkscale_enable_show(struct device *dev,
 {
 	struct ufs_hba *hba = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
 
-	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed);
+	return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled);
 }
 
 static ssize_t ufshcd_clkscale_enable_store(struct device *dev,
@@ -1496,12 +1502,20 @@ static ssize_t ufshcd_clkscale_enable_store(struct device *dev,
 	struct ufs_hba *hba = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
 	u32 value;
 	int err;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	bool update = true;
 
 	if (kstrtou32(buf, 0, &value))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	value = !!value;
-	if (value == hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
+	spin_lock_irqsave(hba->host->host_lock, flags);
+	if (value == hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled)
+		update = false;
+	else
+		hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled = value;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(hba->host->host_lock, flags);
+	if (!update)
 		goto out;
 
 	pm_runtime_get_sync(hba->dev);
@@ -1510,8 +1524,6 @@ static ssize_t ufshcd_clkscale_enable_store(struct device *dev,
 	cancel_work_sync(&hba->clk_scaling.suspend_work);
 	cancel_work_sync(&hba->clk_scaling.resume_work);
 
-	hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = value;
-
 	if (value) {
 		ufshcd_resume_clkscaling(hba);
 	} else {
@@ -1845,8 +1857,6 @@ static void ufshcd_init_clk_scaling(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 	snprintf(wq_name, sizeof(wq_name), "ufs_clkscaling_%d",
 		 hba->host->host_no);
 	hba->clk_scaling.workq = create_singlethread_workqueue(wq_name);
-
-	ufshcd_clkscaling_init_sysfs(hba);
 }
 
 static void ufshcd_exit_clk_scaling(struct ufs_hba *hba)
@@ -1854,6 +1864,8 @@ static void ufshcd_exit_clk_scaling(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 	if (!ufshcd_is_clkscaling_supported(hba))
 		return;
 
+	if (hba->devfreq)
+		device_remove_file(hba->dev, &hba->clk_scaling.enable_attr);
 	destroy_workqueue(hba->clk_scaling.workq);
 	ufshcd_devfreq_remove(hba);
 }
@@ -1918,7 +1930,7 @@ static void ufshcd_clk_scaling_start_busy(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 	if (!hba->clk_scaling.active_reqs++)
 		queue_resume_work = true;
 
-	if (!hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed || hba->pm_op_in_progress)
+	if (!hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled || hba->pm_op_in_progress)
 		return;
 
 	if (queue_resume_work)
@@ -4987,7 +4999,8 @@ static void __ufshcd_transfer_req_compl(struct ufs_hba *hba,
 				complete(hba->dev_cmd.complete);
 			}
 		}
-		if (ufshcd_is_clkscaling_supported(hba))
+		if (ufshcd_is_clkscaling_supported(hba) &&
+		    hba->clk_scaling.active_reqs > 0)
 			hba->clk_scaling.active_reqs--;
 	}
 
@@ -5650,18 +5663,25 @@ static void ufshcd_err_handling_prepare(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 		ufshcd_vops_resume(hba, UFS_RUNTIME_PM);
 	} else {
 		ufshcd_hold(hba, false);
-		if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed) {
+		if (hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled) {
 			cancel_work_sync(&hba->clk_scaling.suspend_work);
 			cancel_work_sync(&hba->clk_scaling.resume_work);
 			ufshcd_suspend_clkscaling(hba);
 		}
 	}
+	down_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = false;
+	up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
 }
 
 static void ufshcd_err_handling_unprepare(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 {
 	ufshcd_release(hba);
-	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
+
+	down_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = true;
+	up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled)
 		ufshcd_resume_clkscaling(hba);
 	pm_runtime_put(hba->dev);
 }
@@ -7620,12 +7640,14 @@ static int ufshcd_add_lus(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 			sizeof(struct ufs_pa_layer_attr));
 		hba->clk_scaling.saved_pwr_info.is_valid = true;
 		if (!hba->devfreq) {
+			hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = true;
 			ret = ufshcd_devfreq_init(hba);
 			if (ret)
 				goto out;
-		}
 
-		hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = true;
+			hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled = true;
+			ufshcd_clkscaling_init_sysfs(hba);
+		}
 	}
 
 	ufs_bsg_probe(hba);
@@ -8491,11 +8513,14 @@ static int ufshcd_suspend(struct ufs_hba *hba, enum ufs_pm_op pm_op)
 	ufshcd_hold(hba, false);
 	hba->clk_gating.is_suspended = true;
 
-	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed) {
+	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled) {
 		cancel_work_sync(&hba->clk_scaling.suspend_work);
 		cancel_work_sync(&hba->clk_scaling.resume_work);
 		ufshcd_suspend_clkscaling(hba);
 	}
+	down_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = false;
+	up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
 
 	if (req_dev_pwr_mode == UFS_ACTIVE_PWR_MODE &&
 			req_link_state == UIC_LINK_ACTIVE_STATE) {
@@ -8592,8 +8617,6 @@ static int ufshcd_suspend(struct ufs_hba *hba, enum ufs_pm_op pm_op)
 	goto out;
 
 set_link_active:
-	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
-		ufshcd_resume_clkscaling(hba);
 	ufshcd_vreg_set_hpm(hba);
 	if (ufshcd_is_link_hibern8(hba) && !ufshcd_uic_hibern8_exit(hba))
 		ufshcd_set_link_active(hba);
@@ -8603,7 +8626,10 @@ static int ufshcd_suspend(struct ufs_hba *hba, enum ufs_pm_op pm_op)
 	if (!ufshcd_set_dev_pwr_mode(hba, UFS_ACTIVE_PWR_MODE))
 		ufshcd_disable_auto_bkops(hba);
 enable_gating:
-	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
+	down_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = true;
+	up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled)
 		ufshcd_resume_clkscaling(hba);
 	hba->clk_gating.is_suspended = false;
 	hba->dev_info.b_rpm_dev_flush_capable = false;
@@ -8701,7 +8727,10 @@ static int ufshcd_resume(struct ufs_hba *hba, enum ufs_pm_op pm_op)
 
 	hba->clk_gating.is_suspended = false;
 
-	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
+	down_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed = true;
+	up_write(&hba->clk_scaling_lock);
+	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_enabled)
 		ufshcd_resume_clkscaling(hba);
 
 	/* Enable Auto-Hibernate if configured */
@@ -8725,8 +8754,6 @@ static int ufshcd_resume(struct ufs_hba *hba, enum ufs_pm_op pm_op)
 	ufshcd_vreg_set_lpm(hba);
 disable_irq_and_vops_clks:
 	ufshcd_disable_irq(hba);
-	if (hba->clk_scaling.is_allowed)
-		ufshcd_suspend_clkscaling(hba);
 	ufshcd_setup_clocks(hba, false);
 	if (ufshcd_is_clkgating_allowed(hba)) {
 		hba->clk_gating.state = CLKS_OFF;
@@ -8944,8 +8971,6 @@ void ufshcd_remove(struct ufs_hba *hba)
 
 	ufshcd_exit_clk_scaling(hba);
 	ufshcd_exit_clk_gating(hba);
-	if (ufshcd_is_clkscaling_supported(hba))
-		device_remove_file(hba->dev, &hba->clk_scaling.enable_attr);
 	ufshcd_hba_exit(hba);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ufshcd_remove);
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h
index e0f00a4..5737679 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h
+++ b/drivers/scsi/ufs/ufshcd.h
@@ -382,7 +382,10 @@ struct ufs_saved_pwr_info {
  * @workq: workqueue to schedule devfreq suspend/resume work
  * @suspend_work: worker to suspend devfreq
  * @resume_work: worker to resume devfreq
- * @is_allowed: tracks if scaling is currently allowed or not
+ * @is_enabled: tracks if scaling is currently enabled or not, controlled by
+		clkscale_enable sysfs node
+ * @is_allowed: tracks if scaling is currently allowed or not, used to block
+		clock scaling which is not invoked from devfreq governor
  * @is_busy_started: tracks if busy period has started or not
  * @is_suspended: tracks if devfreq is suspended or not
  */
@@ -396,6 +399,7 @@ struct ufs_clk_scaling {
 	struct workqueue_struct *workq;
 	struct work_struct suspend_work;
 	struct work_struct resume_work;
+	bool is_enabled;
 	bool is_allowed;
 	bool is_busy_started;
 	bool is_suspended;
-- 
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