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Date:   Wed, 23 Dec 2020 14:09:00 -0800
Subject: [PATCH] nvme: avoid possible double fetch in handling CQE

From: Lalithambika Krishnakumar <>

While handling the completion queue, keep a local copy of the command id
from the DMA-accessible completion entry. This silences a time-of-check
to time-of-use (TOCTOU) warning from KF/x[1], with respect to a
Thunderclap[2] vulnerability analysis. The double-read impact appears

There may be a theoretical window for @command_id to be used as an
adversary-controlled array-index-value for mounting a speculative
execution attack, but that mitigation is saved for a potential follow-on.
A man-in-the-middle attack on the data payload is out of scope for this
analysis and is hopefully mitigated by filesystem integrity mechanisms.

Signed-off-by: Lalithambika Krishna Kumar <>
 drivers/nvme/host/pci.c | 7 ++++---
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
index b4385cb0ff60..88a7cb3fe2a2 100644
--- a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
@@ -967,6 +967,7 @@ static inline struct blk_mq_tags *nvme_queue_tagset(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq)
 static inline void nvme_handle_cqe(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 idx)
 	struct nvme_completion *cqe = &nvmeq->cqes[idx];
+	__u16 command_id = READ_ONCE(cqe->command_id);
 	struct request *req;
@@ -975,17 +976,17 @@ static inline void nvme_handle_cqe(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 idx)
 	 * aborts.  We don't even bother to allocate a struct request
 	 * for them but rather special case them here.
-	if (unlikely(nvme_is_aen_req(nvmeq->qid, cqe->command_id))) {
+	if (unlikely(nvme_is_aen_req(nvmeq->qid, command_id))) {
 				cqe->status, &cqe->result);
-	req = blk_mq_tag_to_rq(nvme_queue_tagset(nvmeq), cqe->command_id);
+	req = blk_mq_tag_to_rq(nvme_queue_tagset(nvmeq), command_id);
 	if (unlikely(!req)) {
 			"invalid id %d completed on queue %d\n",
-			cqe->command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id));
+			command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id));

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