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Date:   Wed, 23 Dec 2020 19:09:10 -0800
From:   Nadav Amit <>
To:     Andrea Arcangeli <>
Cc:     Andy Lutomirski <>, Yu Zhao <>,
        Andy Lutomirski <>,
        Linus Torvalds <>,
        Peter Xu <>, linux-mm <>,
        lkml <>,
        Pavel Emelyanov <>,
        Mike Kravetz <>,
        Mike Rapoport <>,
        stable <>,
        Minchan Kim <>,
        Will Deacon <>,
        Peter Zijlstra <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm/userfaultfd: fix memory corruption due to writeprotect

> On Dec 23, 2020, at 6:00 PM, Andrea Arcangeli <> wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 23, 2020 at 05:21:43PM -0800, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>> I don’t love this as a long term fix. AFAICT we can have mm_tlb_flush_pending set for quite a while — mprotect seems like it can wait in IO while splitting a huge page, for example. That gives us a window in which every write fault turns into a TLB flush.
> mprotect can't run concurrently with a page fault in the first place.
> One other near zero cost improvement easy to add if this would be "if
> (vma->vm_flags & (VM_SOFTDIRTY|VM_UFFD_WP))" and it could be made
> conditional to the two config options too.
> Still I don't mind doing it in some other way, uffd-wp has much easier
> time doing it in another way in fact.
> Whatever performs better is fine, but queuing up pending invalidate
> ranges don't look very attractive since it'd be a fixed cost that we'd
> always have to pay even when there's no fault (and there can't be any
> fault at least for mprotect).

I think there are other cases in which Andy’s concern is relevant

Perhaps holding some small bitmap based on part of the deferred flushed
pages (e.g., bits 12-17 of the address or some other kind of a single
hash-function bloom-filter) would be more performant to avoid (most)
unnecessary TLB flushes. It will be cleared before a TLB flush and set while
holding the PTL.

Checking if a flush is needed, under the PTL, would require a single memory
access (although potentially cache miss). It will however require one atomic
operation for each page-table whose PTEs’ flushes are deferred - in contrast
to the current scheme which requires two atomic operations for the *entire*

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