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Date:   Tue, 29 Dec 2020 13:30:51 -0800
From:   Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
To:     x86@...nel.org, "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-arch@...r.kernel.org, linux-api@...r.kernel.org,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Balbir Singh <bsingharora@...il.com>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@...il.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Eugene Syromiatnikov <esyr@...hat.com>,
        Florian Weimer <fweimer@...hat.com>,
        "H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@...il.com>, Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@...cle.com>,
        Nadav Amit <nadav.amit@...il.com>,
        Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>, Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        "Ravi V. Shankar" <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>,
        Vedvyas Shanbhogue <vedvyas.shanbhogue@...el.com>,
        Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@....com>,
        Weijiang Yang <weijiang.yang@...el.com>,
        Pengfei Xu <pengfei.xu@...el.com>
Cc:     Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH v17 24/26] x86/cet/shstk: Handle thread shadow stack

The kernel allocates (and frees on thread exit) a new shadow stack for a
pthread child.

    It is possible for the kernel to complete the clone syscall and set the
    child's shadow stack pointer to NULL and let the child thread allocate
    a shadow stack for itself.  There are two issues in this approach: It
    is not compatible with existing code that does inline syscall and it
    cannot handle signals before the child can successfully allocate a
    shadow stack.

A 64-bit shadow stack has a size of min(RLIMIT_STACK, 4 GB).  A compat-mode
thread shadow stack has a size of 1/4 min(RLIMIT_STACK, 4 GB).  This allows
more threads to run in a 32-bit address space.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@...el.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h         |  3 ++
 arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h |  3 ++
 arch/x86/kernel/cet.c              | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/process.c          |  8 ++++++
 4 files changed, 58 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
index 9576550c1f2c..4b222aa1e18e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
@@ -18,12 +18,15 @@ struct cet_status {
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_CET_USER
 int cet_setup_shstk(void);
+int cet_setup_thread_shstk(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long clone_flags);
 void cet_disable_shstk(void);
 void cet_free_shstk(struct task_struct *p);
 int cet_verify_rstor_token(bool ia32, unsigned long ssp, unsigned long *new_ssp);
 void cet_restore_signal(struct sc_ext *sc);
 int cet_setup_signal(bool ia32, unsigned long rstor, struct sc_ext *sc);
 #else
+static inline int cet_setup_thread_shstk(struct task_struct *p,
+					 unsigned long clone_flags) { return 0; }
 static inline void cet_disable_shstk(void) {}
 static inline void cet_free_shstk(struct task_struct *p) {}
 static inline void cet_restore_signal(struct sc_ext *sc) { return; }
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 27516046117a..e90bd2ee8498 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
 
 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
 #include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
 #include <asm/debugreg.h>
 
 extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id;
@@ -146,6 +147,8 @@ do {						\
 #else
 #define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm)			\
 do {						\
+	if (!tsk->vfork_done)			\
+		cet_free_shstk(tsk);		\
 	load_gs_index(0);			\
 	loadsegment(fs, 0);			\
 } while (0)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
index c3da4f59bd17..feb466dc2ea8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
@@ -172,6 +172,50 @@ int cet_setup_shstk(void)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+int cet_setup_thread_shstk(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long clone_flags)
+{
+	unsigned long addr, size;
+	struct cet_user_state *state;
+	struct cet_status *cet = &tsk->thread.cet;
+
+	if (!cet->shstk_size)
+		return 0;
+
+	if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM)) != CLONE_VM)
+		return 0;
+
+	state = get_xsave_addr(&tsk->thread.fpu.state.xsave,
+			       XFEATURE_CET_USER);
+
+	if (!state)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Cap shadow stack size to 4 GB */
+	size = min(rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK), 1UL << 32);
+
+	/*
+	 * Compat-mode pthreads share a limited address space.
+	 * If each function call takes an average of four slots
+	 * stack space, allocate 1/4 of stack size for shadow stack.
+	 */
+	if (in_compat_syscall())
+		size /= 4;
+	size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
+	addr = alloc_shstk(size, 0);
+
+	if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr)) {
+		cet->shstk_base = 0;
+		cet->shstk_size = 0;
+		return PTR_ERR((void *)addr);
+	}
+
+	fpu__prepare_write(&tsk->thread.fpu);
+	state->user_ssp = (u64)(addr + size);
+	cet->shstk_base = addr;
+	cet->shstk_size = size;
+	return 0;
+}
+
 void cet_disable_shstk(void)
 {
 	struct cet_status *cet = &current->thread.cet;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index 145a7ac0c19a..3af6b36e1a5c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
 #include <asm/io_bitmap.h>
 #include <asm/proto.h>
 #include <asm/frame.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
 
 #include "process.h"
 
@@ -109,6 +110,7 @@ void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk)
 
 	free_vm86(t);
 
+	cet_free_shstk(tsk);
 	fpu__drop(fpu);
 }
 
@@ -181,6 +183,12 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp, unsigned long arg,
 	if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
 		ret = set_new_tls(p, tls);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+	/* Allocate a new shadow stack for pthread */
+	if (!ret)
+		ret = cet_setup_thread_shstk(p, clone_flags);
+#endif
+
 	if (!ret && unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_IO_BITMAP)))
 		io_bitmap_share(p);
 
-- 
2.21.0

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