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Date:   Mon,  4 Jan 2021 22:28:53 +1000
From:   John Thomson <git@...nthomson.fastmail.com.au>
To:     Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@...tlin.com>,
        Richard Weinberger <richard@....at>,
        Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr@...com>,
        Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus@...rochip.com>
Cc:     linux-mtd@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        John Thomson <git@...nthomson.fastmail.com.au>
Subject: [RFC PATCH] mtd: spi-nor: write support for minor aligned partitions

Allow a uniform erase region spi-nor device to be configured
to use the non-uniform erase regions code path for an erase with:
CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_VARIABLE_ERASE=y

On supporting hardware (SECT_4K),
provides the facility for an erase to use the least number
of SPI-NOR operations, as well as access to 4K erase without
requiring CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_4K_SECTORS

Introduce mtd struct erasesize_minor,
the smallest erasesize supported by the device.

Do not prevent writing to mtd partitions where a partition boundary sits
on a minor erasesize boundary.

Signed-off-by: John Thomson <git@...nthomson.fastmail.com.au>

---
Have not tested on variable erase regions device
---
 drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c       | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig | 10 +++++++
 drivers/mtd/spi-nor/core.c  | 12 +++++++--
 include/linux/mtd/mtd.h     |  2 ++
 4 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c b/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c
index 12ca4f19cb14..7e7d9900aaa2 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/mtdpart.c
@@ -38,10 +38,11 @@ static struct mtd_info *allocate_partition(struct mtd_info *parent,
 	struct mtd_info *master = mtd_get_master(parent);
 	int wr_alignment = (parent->flags & MTD_NO_ERASE) ?
 			   master->writesize : master->erasesize;
+	int wr_alignment_minor;
 	u64 parent_size = mtd_is_partition(parent) ?
 			  parent->part.size : parent->size;
 	struct mtd_info *child;
-	u32 remainder;
+	u32 remainder, remainder_minor;
 	char *name;
 	u64 tmp;
 
@@ -143,6 +144,7 @@ static struct mtd_info *allocate_partition(struct mtd_info *parent,
 		int i, max = parent->numeraseregions;
 		u64 end = child->part.offset + child->part.size;
 		struct mtd_erase_region_info *regions = parent->eraseregions;
+		uint32_t erasesize_minor = child->erasesize;
 
 		/* Find the first erase regions which is part of this
 		 * partition. */
@@ -153,15 +155,24 @@ static struct mtd_info *allocate_partition(struct mtd_info *parent,
 		if (i > 0)
 			i--;
 
-		/* Pick biggest erasesize */
 		for (; i < max && regions[i].offset < end; i++) {
+			/* Pick biggest erasesize */
 			if (child->erasesize < regions[i].erasesize)
 				child->erasesize = regions[i].erasesize;
+			/* Pick smallest non-zero erasesize */
+			if ((erasesize_minor > regions[i].erasesize) && (regions[i].erasesize > 0))
+				erasesize_minor = regions[i].erasesize;
 		}
+
+		if (erasesize_minor < child->erasesize)
+			child->erasesize_minor = erasesize_minor;
+
 		BUG_ON(child->erasesize == 0);
 	} else {
 		/* Single erase size */
 		child->erasesize = master->erasesize;
+		if (master->erasesize_minor)
+			child->erasesize_minor = master->erasesize_minor;
 	}
 
 	/*
@@ -169,26 +180,43 @@ static struct mtd_info *allocate_partition(struct mtd_info *parent,
 	 * exposes several regions with different erasesize. Adjust
 	 * wr_alignment accordingly.
 	 */
-	if (!(child->flags & MTD_NO_ERASE))
+	if (!(child->flags & MTD_NO_ERASE)) {
 		wr_alignment = child->erasesize;
+		if (child->erasesize_minor)
+			wr_alignment_minor = child->erasesize_minor;
+	}
 
 	tmp = mtd_get_master_ofs(child, 0);
 	remainder = do_div(tmp, wr_alignment);
 	if ((child->flags & MTD_WRITEABLE) && remainder) {
-		/* Doesn't start on a boundary of major erase size */
-		/* FIXME: Let it be writable if it is on a boundary of
-		 * _minor_ erase size though */
-		child->flags &= ~MTD_WRITEABLE;
-		printk(KERN_WARNING"mtd: partition \"%s\" doesn't start on an erase/write block boundary -- force read-only\n",
-			part->name);
+		if (wr_alignment_minor) {
+			tmp = mtd_get_master_ofs(child, 0);
+			remainder_minor = do_div(tmp, wr_alignment_minor);
+			if (remainder_minor == 0)
+				child->erasesize = child->erasesize_minor;
+		}
+
+		if ((!wr_alignment_minor) || (wr_alignment_minor && remainder_minor != 0)) {
+			child->flags &= ~MTD_WRITEABLE;
+			printk(KERN_WARNING"mtd: partition \"%s\" doesn't start on an erase/write block boundary -- force read-only\n",
+				part->name);
+		}
 	}
 
 	tmp = mtd_get_master_ofs(child, 0) + child->part.size;
 	remainder = do_div(tmp, wr_alignment);
 	if ((child->flags & MTD_WRITEABLE) && remainder) {
-		child->flags &= ~MTD_WRITEABLE;
-		printk(KERN_WARNING"mtd: partition \"%s\" doesn't end on an erase/write block -- force read-only\n",
-			part->name);
+		if (wr_alignment_minor) {
+			tmp = mtd_get_master_ofs(child, 0) + child->part.size;
+			remainder_minor = do_div(tmp, wr_alignment_minor);
+			if (remainder_minor == 0)
+				child->erasesize = child->erasesize_minor;
+		}
+		if ((!wr_alignment_minor) || (wr_alignment_minor && remainder_minor != 0)) {
+			child->flags &= ~MTD_WRITEABLE;
+			printk(KERN_WARNING"mtd: partition \"%s\" doesn't end on an erase/write block -- force read-only\n",
+				part->name);
+		}
 	}
 
 	child->size = child->part.size;
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
index 24cd25de2b8b..09df9f1a8127 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/Kconfig
@@ -10,6 +10,16 @@ menuconfig MTD_SPI_NOR
 
 if MTD_SPI_NOR
 
+config MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_VARIABLE_ERASE
+	bool "Disable uniform_erase to allow use of all hardware supported erasesizes"
+	depends on !MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_4K_SECTORS
+	default n
+	help
+	  Allow mixed use of all hardware supported erasesizes,
+	  by forcing spi_nor to use the multiple eraseregions code path.
+	  For example: A 68K erase will use one 64K erase, and one 4K erase
+	  on supporting hardware.
+
 config MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_4K_SECTORS
 	bool "Use small 4096 B erase sectors"
 	default y
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/core.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/core.c
index 20df44b753da..8e678e8e7537 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/core.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/core.c
@@ -1225,7 +1225,11 @@ static u8 spi_nor_convert_3to4_erase(u8 opcode)
 
 static bool spi_nor_has_uniform_erase(const struct spi_nor *nor)
 {
+#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_SPI_NOR_USE_VARIABLE_ERASE
+	return false;
+#else
 	return !!nor->params->erase_map.uniform_erase_type;
+#endif
 }
 
 static void spi_nor_set_4byte_opcodes(struct spi_nor *nor)
@@ -2714,6 +2718,7 @@ static int spi_nor_select_erase(struct spi_nor *nor)
 {
 	struct spi_nor_erase_map *map = &nor->params->erase_map;
 	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase = NULL;
+	const struct spi_nor_erase_type *erase_minor = NULL;
 	struct mtd_info *mtd = &nor->mtd;
 	u32 wanted_size = nor->info->sector_size;
 	int i;
@@ -2746,8 +2751,9 @@ static int spi_nor_select_erase(struct spi_nor *nor)
 	 */
 	for (i = SNOR_ERASE_TYPE_MAX - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
 		if (map->erase_type[i].size) {
-			erase = &map->erase_type[i];
-			break;
+			if (!erase)
+				erase = &map->erase_type[i];
+			erase_minor = &map->erase_type[i];
 		}
 	}
 
@@ -2755,6 +2761,8 @@ static int spi_nor_select_erase(struct spi_nor *nor)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	mtd->erasesize = erase->size;
+	if (erase_minor && erase_minor->size < erase->size)
+		mtd->erasesize_minor = erase_minor->size;
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/mtd.h b/include/linux/mtd/mtd.h
index 157357ec1441..68659e05edc3 100644
--- a/include/linux/mtd/mtd.h
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/mtd.h
@@ -242,6 +242,8 @@ struct mtd_info {
 	 * information below if they desire
 	 */
 	uint32_t erasesize;
+	/* "Minor" (smallest) erase size supported by the whole device */
+	uint32_t erasesize_minor;
 	/* Minimal writable flash unit size. In case of NOR flash it is 1 (even
 	 * though individual bits can be cleared), in case of NAND flash it is
 	 * one NAND page (or half, or one-fourths of it), in case of ECC-ed NOR
-- 
2.30.0

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