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Date:   Mon,  4 Jan 2021 14:58:40 +0800
From:   Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
To:     mike.kravetz@...cle.com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org
Cc:     hillf.zj@...baba-inc.com, n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com,
        ak@...ux.intel.com, yongjun_wei@...ndmicro.com.cn, mhocko@...e.cz,
        linux-mm@...ck.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
Subject: [PATCH 3/6] mm: hugetlb: fix a race between freeing and dissolving the page

There is a race condition between __free_huge_page()
and dissolve_free_huge_page().

CPU0:                         CPU1:

// page_count(page) == 1
put_page(page)
  __free_huge_page(page)
                              dissolve_free_huge_page(page)
                                spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock)
                                // PageHuge(page) && !page_count(page)
                                update_and_free_page(page)
                                // page is freed to the buddy
                                spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock)
    spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock)
    clear_page_huge_active(page)
    enqueue_huge_page(page)
    // It is wrong, the page is already freed
    spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock)

The race windows is between put_page() and spin_lock() which
is in the __free_huge_page().

We should make sure that the page is already on the free list
when it is dissolved.

Fixes: c8721bbbdd36 ("mm: memory-hotplug: enable memory hotplug to handle hugepage")
Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@...edance.com>
---
 mm/hugetlb.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 48 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 1f3bf1710b66..72608008f8b4 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -79,6 +79,21 @@ DEFINE_SPINLOCK(hugetlb_lock);
 static int num_fault_mutexes;
 struct mutex *hugetlb_fault_mutex_table ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
 
+static inline bool PageHugeFreed(struct page *head)
+{
+	return page_private(head) == -1UL;
+}
+
+static inline void SetPageHugeFreed(struct page *head)
+{
+	set_page_private(head + 4, -1UL);
+}
+
+static inline void ClearPageHugeFreed(struct page *head)
+{
+	set_page_private(head + 4, 0);
+}
+
 /* Forward declaration */
 static int hugetlb_acct_memory(struct hstate *h, long delta);
 
@@ -1028,6 +1043,7 @@ static void enqueue_huge_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page)
 	list_move(&page->lru, &h->hugepage_freelists[nid]);
 	h->free_huge_pages++;
 	h->free_huge_pages_node[nid]++;
+	SetPageHugeFreed(page);
 }
 
 static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_node_exact(struct hstate *h, int nid)
@@ -1044,6 +1060,7 @@ static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_node_exact(struct hstate *h, int nid)
 
 		list_move(&page->lru, &h->hugepage_activelist);
 		set_page_refcounted(page);
+		ClearPageHugeFreed(page);
 		h->free_huge_pages--;
 		h->free_huge_pages_node[nid]--;
 		return page;
@@ -1504,6 +1521,7 @@ static void prep_new_huge_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page, int nid)
 	spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock);
 	h->nr_huge_pages++;
 	h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid]++;
+	ClearPageHugeFreed(page);
 	spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);
 }
 
@@ -1770,6 +1788,36 @@ int dissolve_free_huge_page(struct page *page)
 		int nid = page_to_nid(head);
 		if (h->free_huge_pages - h->resv_huge_pages == 0)
 			goto out;
+
+		/*
+		 * There is a race condition between __free_huge_page()
+		 * and dissolve_free_huge_page().
+		 *
+		 * CPU0:                         CPU1:
+		 *
+		 * // page_count(page) == 1
+		 * put_page(page)
+		 *   __free_huge_page(page)
+		 *                               dissolve_free_huge_page(page)
+		 *                                 spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock)
+		 *                                 // PageHuge(page) && !page_count(page)
+		 *                                 update_and_free_page(page)
+		 *                                 // page is freed to the buddy
+		 *                                 spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock)
+		 *     spin_lock(&hugetlb_lock)
+		 *     enqueue_huge_page(page)
+		 *     // It is wrong, the page is already freed
+		 *     spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock)
+		 *
+		 * The race window is between put_page() and spin_lock() which
+		 * is in the __free_huge_page().
+		 *
+		 * We should make sure that the page is already on the free list
+		 * when it is dissolved.
+		 */
+		if (unlikely(!PageHugeFreed(head)))
+			goto out;
+
 		/*
 		 * Move PageHWPoison flag from head page to the raw error page,
 		 * which makes any subpages rather than the error page reusable.
-- 
2.11.0

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