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Date:   Fri,  8 Jan 2021 13:25:34 -0800
From:   mgross@...ux.intel.com
To:     markgross@...nel.org, mgross@...ux.intel.com, arnd@...db.de,
        bp@...e.de, damien.lemoal@....com, dragan.cvetic@...inx.com,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, corbet@....net,
        leonard.crestez@....com, palmerdabbelt@...gle.com,
        paul.walmsley@...ive.com, peng.fan@....com, robh+dt@...nel.org,
        shawnguo@...nel.org, jassisinghbrar@...il.com
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Srikanth Thokala <srikanth.thokala@...el.com>,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v2 08/34] misc: xlink-pcie: Add documentation for XLink PCIe driver

From: Srikanth Thokala <srikanth.thokala@...el.com>

Provide overview of XLink PCIe driver implementation

Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>
Cc: linux-doc@...r.kernel.org
Reviewed-by: Mark Gross <mgross@...ux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Srikanth Thokala <srikanth.thokala@...el.com>
---
 Documentation/vpu/index.rst      |  1 +
 Documentation/vpu/xlink-pcie.rst | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 91 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/vpu/xlink-pcie.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/vpu/index.rst b/Documentation/vpu/index.rst
index 7e290e048910..661cc700ee45 100644
--- a/Documentation/vpu/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/vpu/index.rst
@@ -14,3 +14,4 @@ This documentation contains information for the Intel VPU stack.
    :maxdepth: 2
 
    vpu-stack-overview
+   xlink-pcie
diff --git a/Documentation/vpu/xlink-pcie.rst b/Documentation/vpu/xlink-pcie.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..2d877c966b1e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/vpu/xlink-pcie.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+================================
+Kernel driver: Xlink-pcie driver
+================================
+Supported chips:
+  * Intel Edge.AI Computer Vision platforms: Keem Bay
+    Suffix: Bay
+    Slave address: 6240
+    Datasheet: Publicly available at Intel
+
+Author: Srikanth Thokala Srikanth.Thokala@...el.com
+
+Introduction
+============
+The Xlink-pcie driver provides transport layer implementation for
+the data transfers to support Xlink protocol subsystem communication with the
+peer device. i.e, between remote host system and Keem Bay device.
+
+The Keem Bay device is an ARM-based SOC that includes a vision processing
+unit (VPU) and deep learning, neural network core in the hardware.
+The Xlink-pcie driver exports a functional device endpoint to the Keem Bay
+device and supports two-way communication with the peer device.
+
+High-level architecture
+=======================
+Remote Host: IA CPU
+Local Host: ARM CPU (Keem Bay)::
+
+        +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
+        |  Remote Host IA CPU              | | Local Host ARM CPU (Keem Bay) |   |
+        +==================================+=+===============================+===+
+        |  User App                        | | User App                      |   |
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+        |   XLink UAPI                     | | XLink UAPI                    |   |
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+        |   XLink Core                     | | XLink Core                    |   |
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+        |   XLink PCIe                     | | XLink PCIe                    |   |
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+        |   XLink-PCIe Remote Host driver  | | XLink-PCIe Local Host driver  |   |
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+        |-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:|:|:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:|
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+        |     PCIe Host Controller         | | PCIe Device Controller        | HW|
+        +----------------------------------+-+-------------------------------+---+
+               ^                                             ^
+               |                                             |
+               |------------- PCIe x2 Link  -----------------|
+
+This XLink PCIe driver comprises of two variants:
+* Local Host driver
+
+  * Intended for ARM CPU
+  * It is based on PCI Endpoint Framework
+  * Driver path: {tree}/drivers/misc/Xlink-pcie/local_host
+
+* Remote Host driver
+
+       * Intended for IA CPU
+       * It is a PCIe endpoint driver
+       * Driver path: {tree}/drivers/misc/Xlink-pcie/remote_host
+
+XLink PCIe communication between local host and remote host is achieved through
+ring buffer management and MSI/Doorbell interrupts.
+
+The Xlink-pcie driver subsystem registers the Keem Bay device as an endpoint
+driver and provides standard linux PCIe sysfs interface, #
+/sys/bus/pci/devices/xxxx:xx:xx.0/
+
+
+XLink protocol subsystem
+========================
+Xlink is an abstracted control and communication subsystem based on channel
+identification. It is intended to support VPU technology both at SoC level as
+well as at IP level, over multiple interfaces.
+
+- The Xlink subsystem abstracts several types of communication channels
+  underneath, allowing the usage of different interfaces with the
+  same function call interface.
+- The Communication channels are full-duplex protocol channels allowing
+  concurrent bidirectional communication.
+- The Xlink subsystem also supports control operations to VPU either
+  from standalone local system or from remote system based on communication
+  interface underneath.
+- The Xlink subsystem supports the following communication interfaces:
+    * USB CDC
+    * Gigabit Ethernet
+    * PCIe
+    * IPC
-- 
2.17.1

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